Welcome to the personal page of Thabo Mbeki
People like to identify Thabo Mbeki as an independent and original thinker, but one who remains close to the more visible leadership. His profile as a policy shaper and mediator in the movement has been built up over a lifetime of involvement. "I was born into the struggle," he says.
His birth took place in Idutywa, Transkei, on the 18th of June, 1942. Both his parents were teachers and activists. His father is a university graduate and there were many books in his home which Thabo read at an early age. Govan Mbeki was a leading figure in ANC activities in the Eastern Cape. Believing that sooner or later they would be arrested, Mbeki's parents decided that family and friends would also be responsible for bringing up the children. Mbeki therefore spent long periods away from home. He joined the Youth League at 14 and quickly became active in student politics. After his schooling at Lovedale was interrupted by a strike in 1959, he completed his studies at home. Thereafter he moved to Johannesburg where he came under the guidance of Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe.
While studying for his British A-levels he was elected secretary of the African Students' Association (ASA). He went on to study economics as a correspondence student with London University. The ASA collapsed following the arrest of many of its members, at a time when political movements were coming under increasingly severe attack from the state. Mbeki's father was arrested at Rivonia and sentenced to life imprisonment. He left the country in 1962 under orders from the ANC. From Tanzania he moved to Britain where he completed a Masters degree in economics at Sussex University in 1966. Remaining active in student politics, he played a prominent role in building the youth and student sections of the ANC in exile. Following his studies he worked at the London office with the late Oliver Tambo and Yusuf Dadoo before being sent to the Soviet Union in 1970 for military training.
Later that year he arrived in Lusaka where he was soon appointed assistant secretary of the Revolutionary Council. In 1973-74 he was in Botswana holding discussions with the Botswana government about opening an ANC office there. In 1975 he was acting ANC representative in Swaziland. Appointed to the NEC in 1975, he served as ANC representative to Nigeria until 1978. On his return to Lusaka he became political secretary in the office of Oliver Tambo, and then director of information. From this position he played a major role in turning the international media against apartheid. His other role in the '70s was in building the ANC in Swaziland and underground structures inside the country. During the '80s Mbeki rose to head the department of information and publicity and co-ordinated diplomatic campaigns to involve more white South Africans in anti-apartheid activities.
When delegations of sports, business and cultural representatives visited Lusaka for talks they all expressed surprise to meet a man deeply engaged in the issues they brought to the table. From 1989 Mbeki headed the ANC Department of International Affairs, and was a key figure in the ANC's negotiations with the former government. Mbeki was hand-picked by Nelson Mandela after the April 1994 general election to be the first Deputy President of the new Government of National Unity. At the 50th Conference of the ANC at Mafikeng, from 16-20 1997, Thabo Mbeki was elected as the new President of the African National Congress. Thabo Mbeki was elected President of South Africa on 14 June 1999 and was inaugurated as President on 16 June 1999. He resigned as President of South Africa on 24 September 2008.
Document written by Thabo Mbeki
|24 September 2008||President Thabo Mbeki`s letter of resignation to Cabinet|
|8 March 2004||Thabo Mbeki`s call to all South Africans|
|25 January 1999||Letter to Judge Kriegler on receiving his resignation|
|18 January 1993||Thabo Mbeki, Secretary for International Affairs, ANC: Letter to the Secretary-General of the United Nations|
|18 July 2008||Happy birthday Madiba, the revolutionary!|
|31 December 2007||New Year Message|
|25 October 2004||President Mbeki's message of condolences following death of Dumisani Makhaye|
|18 January 1999||ANC best wishes to Muslims for Eid|
|13 December 1993||Statement by Thabo Mbeki, Representative of the ANC of South Africa, at the General Assembly of the United Nations|
|5 December 1990||Statement at the General Assembly of the United Nations by Thabo Mbeki|
|16 December 2007||52nd National Conference: Opening address and political report of ANC President Thabo Mbeki|
|9 September 2005||Report on discussion in the ANC National Executive Committee by Thabo Mbeki and Jacob Zuma|