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ANC National Conference

Durban July 1991



  1. Many thousands of our people have been killed and Continue to be killed
    especially in the recent period by apartheid sponsored violence carried
    out by Inkatha, askari, Bantustan death forces and others whose aim is
    to weaken and destroy the ANC and other democratic forces.
  2. This violence is taking place in a counter revolutionary context directed
    by agencies of the state and its surrogate forces in the form of councillors,
    warlords, vigilante, death squads and certain white right wing elements.
  3. The ANC, together with other democratic forces such as COSATU, UDF
    and churches, has attempted to find peaceful solutions to violence by:

    1. entering into peace talks with Inkatha;
    2. making submissions, representations and demands to the South African
      government to end the violence.

  4. Despite the past peace initiatives with Inkatha, violence still persists
    and despite the machinery at the disposal of the regime, it is refusing
    to take the necessary steps to end the violence.
  5. The response of the democratic forces in dealing with this counter-revolutionary
    violence has not been adequate and that the December 1990 National Consultative
    Conference took a resolution to build defence committees and that the organisation
    has made insufficient progress in the setting up of defence committees.
  6. The recent peace initiative by church and business leaders is aimed
    of involving all organisations in S. A. in strategies to end the violence.


  1. That the violence aims to:

    1. destabilise the ANC and other democratic forces.
    2. ensure that the government dictates the peace of transition in terms
      its own agenda.
    3. create a state of confusion and demoralisation in our ranks and among
      our people in and attempt to alienate them from our movement.

  2. That violence is part of a counter revolutionary strategy to maintain
    white domination in new forms.
  3. The ending or containing the violence should be at the top of the agenda
    of the ANC and the democratic movement.


  1. To support the current peace initiative of the church and business
    leaders in:

    1. developing a code of conduct for the security forces
    2. developing a code of conduct for political organisations.
    3. developing an enforcement mechanism to monitor the codes that will
      involve a wide range of groupings.
    4. developing a programme of reconstruction.

  2. To mandate the incoming NEC to give a deadline to the appropriate structures
    by which time it must have completed its task of forming self defence units
    in all areas, and to take definite steps to provide all possible resources
    and assistance required.
  3. To embark on a programme of national and international mass action
    within the context of our demands for:

    1. the removal of all obstacles to creating a climate for negotiations.
    2. the dismantling of all apartheid structures.
    3. and interim government an a constituent assembly.

  4. To embark on a publicity campaign both locally and internationally
    to expose the true nature of the violence.
  5. To re-affirm our demands contained in the NEC letter of 5 April 1991
    addressed to de Klerk.
  6. To establish structures on a branch, regional and national level with
    our partners within the tripartite alliance and other democratic formations
    to co-ordinate our strategies in responding to the violence.