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Biography

Born five years after the birth of the ANC, Oliver Reginald Tambo spent most of his life serving in the struggle against apartheid. 'O R', as he was popularly known by his peers, was born on 27th October 1917 in a rural town, Mbizana, in eastern Mpondoland in what was then the Cape Province (now Eastern Cape). His parents had converted to Christianity shortly before he was born. At the age of seven he began his formal education at the Ludeke Methodist School in the Mbizana district and completed his primary education at the Holy Cross Mission. He then transferred to Johannesburg to attend St Peters College, in Rossettenville, where he completed his high school education.

From St Peters, Tambo went to study at the University College of Fort Hare, near Alice, where he obtained his Bachelor of Science Degree in 1941. It was at Fort Hare that he first became involved in the politics of the national liberation movement. He led a student class boycott in support of a demand to form a democratically elected Student's Representative Council. As a consequence he was expelled from Fort Hare and was thus unable to complete his Bachelor of Science honours degree. In 1942, he returned to St Peters College as a science and mathematics teacher. At St Peters he was to teach many who later were to, play prominent roles in the ANC. Among these were Duma Nokwe who became the first black South African Advocate of the Supreme Court and a Secretary-General of the ANC. It was while he was in Johannesburg that Tambo threw himself body and soul into the ANC. He was among the founding members of the ANC Youth League (ANC YL) in 1944 and became its first National Secretary. He was elected President of the Transvaal ANCYL in 1948 and national vice-president in 1949.

In the ANCYL, Tambo teamed up with Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, Ashby Mda, Anton Lembede, Dr William Nkomo, Dr C.M.Majombozi and others to bring a bold, new spirit of militancy into the post-war ANC. In 1946 Tambo was elected onto the Transvaal Executive of the ANC. In 1948 he, together with Walter Sisulu were elected onto the National Executive Committee. This was of great significance to the ANCYL's efforts to change the ANC. Instrumental in achieving this transformation was the Programme of Action, piloted by the ANCYL from branch level to the 1949 national conference at Bloemfontein O.R. Tambo served on the Committee that drew up the Programme of Action, which was adopted as national policy in 1949. The Programme of Action envisaged the transformation of the ANC from an organisation that held public meetings and occasionally petitioned the government to a campaigning movement that would draw in large numbers of people through mass actions, Involving civil disobedience, strikes, boycotts and other forms of non-violent resistance. It was through these means that the ANCYL hoped to change the ANC from an organisation addressing the African elite to a movement of struggle involving the mass of uneducated and unskilled Black workers. Tambo left teaching soon after the adoption of the Programme of Action and set up a legal partnership with Neslon Mandela.

The firm soon became known as a champion of the poor, victims of apartheid laws with little or no money to pay their legal costs. During the Campaign of Defiance of Unjust Laws of 1952, Oliver Tambo was among the numerous volunteers who courted imprisonment by deliberately breaking apartheid laws. His law firm partner and colleague, Nelson Mandela was the National volunteer in chief. The South African government's attempts to suppress the Defiance Campaign resulted in one of the first mass trials in South African legal history. Though he himself was not among the accused, Tambo was close to the trial. It resulted in the designation of Sisulu and others found guilty of organising the Defiance Campaign as statutory "Communists". (That is, though they were not Communists, in terms of the violations of the Suppression of Communism Act they had committed, the judiciary declared them "Communists" in terms of the statute.) One result was in 1955 Walter Sisulu, Secretary General of the ANC was banned in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act and ordered to resign his post as Secretary General. Oliver Tambo was appointed to fill the post, pending ratification by the annual conference. Hounded by banning orders and other restrictions, many of Tambo's peers were unable to attend the Congress of the People in June 1955.

Oliver Tambo was not only on the platform but also served on the National Action Council which headed the mobilisation for the COP. It was because of this role that Tambo found himself among the 156 accused in the marathon Treason Trial in 1956. In 1958, Oliver Tambo left the post of Secretary General to become the Deputy President of the ANC. The following year, 1959, he like many of his colleagues was served with five year banning order. After the 1960 Sharpeville massacre, Tambo was designated by the ANC to travel abroad to set up the ANC's international mission and mobilise international opinion in opposition to the apartheid system. Working in conjunction with Dr Yusuf Dadoo he was instrumental in the establishment of the South African United Front, which brought together the external missions of the ANC, the PAC, the SA Indian Congress and the South West African National Union (SWANU). As a result of a very successful lobbying campaign the South African United Front was able to secure the expulsion of South Africa from the Commonwealth in 1961. After this initial success the SAUF broke up in July 1961.

Assisted by African government, Tambo was able to establish ANC mission in Egypt, Ghana, Morocco and in London. From these small beginnings, under his stewardship the ANC acquired missions in 27 countries by 1990. These include all the permanent members of the UN Security Council, with the exception of China, two missions in Asia and one in Australasia. The suppression of the 1961 stay-at-home strike led to the ANC adopting the armed struggle as part of its strategy. Tambo was again an important factor in securing the co-operation of numerous African governments in providing training and camp facilities for the ANC. In 1965 Tanzania and Zambia gave the ANC camp facilities to house trained Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) combatants. In 1967, after the death of ANC President General Chief Albert J. Luthuli, Tambo became Acting president until his appointment to the Presidency was approved by the Morogoro Conference in 1969. During the 1970s Oliver Tambo's international prestige rose immensely as he traversed the world, addressing the United Nations and other international gatherings on the issue of apartheid. He became the key figure in the ANC's Revolutionary Council (RC) which had been set up at the Morogoro Conference to oversee the reconstruction of the ANC's internal machinery and to improve its underground capacity. When Portuguese colonialism collapsed in 1975, the ANC stood poised to take maximum advantage of the geo-political changes. Angola offered camp and training facilities for MK, and the long- standing relationship with Frelimo enabled the ANC to acquire diplomatic facilities close to South Africa. In 1985 Tambo was re-elected ANC President at the Kabwe Conference.

In that capacity he served also as the Head of the Politico-Military Council (PMC) of the ANC, and as Commander in Chief of Umkhonto we Sizwe. Among black South African leaders, Oliver Tambo was probably the most highly respected on the African continent, in Europe, Asia and the Americas. During his stewardship of the ANC he raised its international prestige and status to that of an alternative to the Pretoria Government. He was received with the protocol reserved for Heads of State in many parts of the world. During his years in the ANC, Oliver Tambo played a major role in the growth and development of the movement and its policies. He was among the generation of African nationalist leaders who emerged after the Second World War who were instrumental in the transformation of the ANC from a liberal-constitutionalist organisation into a radical national liberation movement. In 1989 Oliver Tambo suffered a stroke, and underwent extensive medical treatment. He returned to South Africa in 1991, after over three decades in exile. At the ANC's first legal national conference inside South Africa, held in Durban in July 1991, Tambo was elected National Chairperson of the ANC. He was also chairperson of the ANC's Emancipation Commission. Oliver Reginald Tambo died from a stroke at 3.10am on 24 April, 1993.

Document written by Oliver Tambo

Speeches

19 February 1993 Opening Speech by Oliver Tambo at the International Solidarity Conference, on the theme "From Apartheid to Peace, Democracy and Development"
19 October 1991 Speech by OR Tambo on the occasion of installation as the Chancellor of the University of Fort Hare and on being awarded the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws
2 July 1991 President OR Tambo`s opening address to the ANC`s 48th National Conference
24 May 1991 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Final Conference of International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa
16 December 1990 Speech by Oliver Tambo at an ANC rally after the close of the National Consultative Conference
14 December 1990 Opening address by Oliver Tambo to the National Consultative Conference
1 July 1989 Opening address by Oliver Tambo to the Conference on "Whites in a changing South Africa"
1 April 1989 Speech by Oliver Tambo to the seventh Congress of the South African Communist Party
2 August 1988 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the tenth General Conference of the United National Independence Party
2 June 1988 Speech by Oliver Tambo at "War on want" Conference
13 May 1988 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the 50th session of the OAU Coordinating Committee for the liberation of Africa
28 March 1988 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the conference on "SADCC`s future: Europe`s role"
5 March 1988 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Symposium on the survival and development of children in the frontline states and Southern Africa
4 December 1987 Closing speech by Oliver Tambo at the Arusha conference
1 December 1987 Address by Oliver Tambo at the opening session of the Arusha Conference
11 November 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo on the occasion of the award of an honorary Doctorate to Nelson Mandela by the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic
4 November 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the meeting of Representatives of the parties and movements participating in the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the "Great October Socialist Revolution"
24 September 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference on "Children, repression and the law in Apartheid South Africa"
27 July 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo on behalf of the Liberation Movements, at the twenty-third session of the assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity
4 July 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the People`s National Party Founder`s Day banquet
2 July 1987 Address by Oliver Tambo to the joint session of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago
3 April 1987 Address by Oliver Tambo at the LA Trobe University
27 January 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo at Georgetown University
22 January 1987 Speech by Oliver Tambo to the Foreign Policy Association and the African-American Institute
8 January 1987 Address by Oliver Tambo at the 75th anniversary meeting of the African National Congress
1 September 1986 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Eighth Conference of Heads of State or Government of non-aligned countries
23 June 1986 Address by Oliver Tambo to royal Commonwealth Society
16 June 1986 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the World Conference on Sanctions Against Racist South Africa
9 May 1986 Address by Oliver Tambo on receiving the Degree of Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa from the Jawaharlal Nehru University
21 February 1986 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Swedish People`s Parliament against Apartheid
22 July 1985 Address by Oliver Tambo to the Nation on Radio Freedom
19 July 1985 Address by Oliver Tambo to the 21st session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity
16 June 1985 Opening speech by Oliver Tambo at the second National Consultative Conference of the ANC
5 May 1985 Speech by Oliver Tambo in acceptance of the third world prize on behalf of Nelson and Winnie Mandela
14 November 1984 Speech by Oliver Tambo to the 20th session of the assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity
2 May 1984 Speech by Oliver Tambo at Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College
21 March 1984 Speech by Oliver Tambo at a press conference in London
5 July 1983 Opening Speech by Oliver Tambo at the first conference of the ANC Department of Information and Publicity
29 April 1983 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the fourth congress of Frelimo
7 March 1983 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Conference of heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
10 February 1983 Speech by Oliver Tambo to the OAU Liberation Committee
21 January 1983 Speech by Oliver Tambo at dinner hosted in his honour by the Minister of External Affairs of India, Mr. P.V. Narasimha
5 December 1982 Speech by Oliver Tambo at funeral in Maseru
14 February 1982 Speech by Oliver Tambo at a Frelimo Mass rally at Bairro De Liberdade
16 December 1981 Message by OR Tambo to the people of South Africa on the 20th Anniversary of Umkhonto we Sizwe
6 December 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Afro-Arab Solidarity Conference
14 September 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the concluding session of the Conference of the Women`s Section of the ANC
10 September 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the opening session of the first Conference of the Women`s Section of the ANC
20 August 1981 Statement on death sentences passed on three members of ANC and Umkhonto We Sizwe
9 August 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the funeral of Joe Gqabi
30 July 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at meeting to observe the 60th Anniversary of the South African Communist Party
26 June 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at rally on South Africa Freedom Day
11 June 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the meeting of the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid
8 June 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the "National Conference: Building Forces against United States Support for South Africa"
21 May 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference on Sanctions Against South Africa
21 March 1981 Speech by Oliver Tambo at meeting in London
28 November 1980 Statement on signing declaration, on behalf of the ANC and Umkhonto We Sizwe, adhering to the Geneva Conventions
28 November 1980 Speech by Oliver Tambo on signing Declaration, on behalf of the ANC and Umkhonto We Sizwe
14 November 1980 Speech by Oliver Tambo accepting the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru award for International Understanding on behalf of Nelson Mandela
1 April 1980 Speech at Conference of the International Committee against apartheid, racism and colonialism in Southern Africa (ICSA)
8 January 1980 1980 - The Year of the Charter>
3 September 1979 Speech by Oiver Tambo at the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
2 September 1979 Speech by Oliver Tambo on behalf of the National Liberation Movements, at the opening session of the Sixth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
30 April 1979 Speech by Oliver Tambo on the occasion of the celebration of the Twenty-First Anniversary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
12 December 1977 Address by Oliver Tambo to the first Congress of Mpla
23 August 1977 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the World Conference for Action Against Apartheid
8 May 1977 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the Funeral of M.P. Naicker
7 April 1975 Speech by Oliver Tambo at the ninth extraordinary session of the Council of Ministers of the organisation of African Unity
2 April 1973 Tribute by Oliver Tambo to the United Nations Special Committee against apartheid statement at the meeting of the special committee on its tenth anniversary
8 January 1972 Speech by Oliver Tambo on the Sixtieth anniversary of the African National Congress
16 December 1971 Statement by OR Tambo to the People of South Africa on the 10th Anniversary of Umkhonto we Sizwe
Speech at the special session of the United Nations Special Committee Against Apartheid by Oliver Tambo
Joint speech by leaders of Liberation Movements at the fifth session of the Assembly of Heads of State, presented by Oliver Tambo
Speech by Oliver Tambo at the second Pan-African Youth Seminar Dar Es Salaam
Broadcast to South Africa by OR Tambo on the 8th Anniversary of Umkhonto we Sizwe
9 August 1990 Message by Oliver Tambo to the rally to relaunch the ANC Women`s League
16 April 1990 Message by Oliver Tambo to Nelson Mandela an International Tribute for a Free South Africa
29 October 1989 Message by Oliver Tambo to the Soweto rally to welcome released leaders
5 February 1989 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the Conference of the Socialist International and Frontline States on Southern Africa
18 June 1988 Oliver Tambo call for the observance of the 70th birthday of Nelson Mandela
11 June 1988 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the launch of the "Nelson Mandela: Freedom at 70" Campaign
17 August 1987 Message by Oliver Tambo to the Global Preparatory Meeting of Parliamentarians against apartheid
9 March 1987 Message by Oliver Tambo on the 40th anniversary of the three doctors` pact
22 October 1986 Message by Oliver Tambo to Frelimo Central Committee on the death of Samora Machel
16 June 1986 Statement at the World Conference on Sanctions against Racist South Africa
8 February 1986 Interview by Oliver Tambo to Radio Freedom on visits of Multi-National Corporations to the ANC
16 August 1985 ANC Press Statement presented by Oliver Tambo
5 July 1985 Message by Oliver Tambo to the World Festival of Youth and Students
8 January 1985 Message by Oliver Tambo to the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the 73rd anniversary of ANC
5 January 1985 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Rixaka
26 June 1984 Message to Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, President, Anti-Apartheid Movement, on the 25th Anniversary of its Founding
1 March 1984 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Mayibuye on the current situation in South Africa and Southern Africa in general
8 January 1984 Message by Oliver Tambo to the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the 72nd anniversary of ANC
1 November 1983 Message by Oliver Tambo on South Africa`s year of the women, a call to the peoples of the world
1 September 1983 Message of the National Executive Committee of the ANC, delivered by Mr. Tambo, at the funeral of Dr. Yusuf M. Dadoo
5 August 1983 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Noticias
5 August 1983 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Zimbabwe Television (ZTV)
1 August 1983 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Stanley Uys
8 June 1983 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Le Monde, Addis Ababa
6 April 1983 Message to the Special Committee against Apartheid on its 20th anniversary from O.R. Tambo, President of the ANC
2 April 1983 Message from Oliver Tambo to the United Nations Special Committee against apartheid on its 20th anniversary
2 March 1983 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Randall Robinson, Executive Director, Transafrica Forum
8 January 1983 Message by Oliver Tambo of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the 71st anniversary of ANC
13 December 1982 Message by Oliver Tambo to the Prime Minister of Lesotho, Dr. Leabua Jonathan
5 March 1982 Press Conference in Maputo: Comments by Oliver Tambo on South African offer of territory to Swaziland
1 September 1981 Interview with Oliver Tambo by Mayibuye
20 August 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo on death sentences passed on three members of ANC and Umkhonto We Sizwe
1 April 1981 Interview with Oliver Tambo to Radio Freedom
1 March 1981 Interview with Africa Report by Oliver Tambo
8 January 1981 Message by Oliver Tambo on the 69th anniversary of the African National Congress
1 August 1980 Interview with Oliver Tambo to Newsweek
10 June 1980 Introduction by Oliver Tambo to a message from Nelson Mandela, smuggled out of prison
8 January 1980 Message by Oliver Tambo to the people of South Africa on the 68th Anniversary of the African National Congress
5 January 1980 Interview with Oliver Tambo to New Times
5 January 1980 Interview with Oliver Tambo to New African
10 April 1979 Address by Oliver Tambo to the International Conference in support of the liberation movements of Southern Africa and in Support of the Frontline States
8 January 1979 Message to the people of South Africa on the 67th Anniversary of the African National Congress
21 March 1978 Statement at the meeting of the Special Committee against Apartheid to launch the International Anti-Apartheid Year
5 February 1978 Interview with Oliver Tambo to World Marxist Review
23 August 1977 Statement at the World Conference for Action against Apartheid
1 March 1977 Interview with Oliver Tambo in Luanda after summit meeting of Presidents of frontline states and Southern African Liberation Movements
26 August 1976 Message by Oliver Tambo to the people of South Africa
1 March 1976 Oliver Tambo interview to Sechaba
1 July 1974 Message by Oliver Tambo on the twentieth anniversary of the Tanganyika African National Union
26 June 1974 Message by Olive Tambo to the people of South Africa
26 December 1973 Christmas and New Year message by Oliver Tambo distributed illegally in South Africa
11 April 1973 Statement in Committee II of the International Conference in Support of the Victims of Colonialism and Apartheid in Southern Africa
2 January 1971 Message to the meeting of the Council of the Afro-Asian peoples` Solidarity Organisation, Tripoli: Oliver Tambo
1 January 1971 New year message to the ANC external mission by Oliver Tambo
New year message by Oliver Tambo to the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Oliver Tambo, Southern Africa, South Africa and the ANC replies to questions by Sechaba
Message to the people of South Africa by Oliver Tambo
Message by Oliver Tambo on welcoming publication of Sechaba
Message over Radio Tanzania to the people of South Africa by Oliver Tambo
New year message by Oliver Tambo to E.S. Reddy, Principal Secretary, United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid
Broadcast to South Africa on the Eighth Anniversary of the Formation of Umkhonto We Sizwe: Oliver Tambo
Message by Oliver Tambo to President Julius Nyerere, on the occasion of his announcement of the Nationalisation of all Banks in Tanzania
New Year message to Mr. E. S. Reddy, Principal Secretary, United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid
New year message by Oliver Tambo
Statement on Human Rights Year by Oliver Tambo

Media Statements

2 February 1990 Statement by Oliver Tambo with Other ANC leaders visiting Sweden
24 July 1989 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the 25th session of the assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity
30 June 1989 Press Statement by Oliver Tambo concerning the five-year plan presented by FW De Klerk to the National Party Conference
20 June 1989 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the ordinary Congress of the Socialist International
12 January 1989 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the 19th African-American Conference
2 December 1988 Statement by Oliver Tambo, on behalf of the Southern African Liberation Movements, at the closing session of the seventh summit meeting of the Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern African states
13 July 1987 Statement by Oliver Tambo at lunch hosted by the Foreign Minister of Venezuela
2 July 1987 Press Conference in Addis Ababal: Oliver Tambo
1 July 1987 Statement by Oliver Tambo on the occasion of the eighth anniversary of the Triumph of the Sandinista Revolution
27 May 1987 Statement by Oliver Tambo to Business International Conference
5 May 1987 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the World Council of Churches - Liberation Movement Dialogue
1 May 1987 Statement by Oliver Tambo at May day rally
16 December 1986 Statement by Oliver Tambo on the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the 25th Anniversary of the formation of Umkhonto We Sizwe
15 December 1986 Statement by Oliver Tambo of acceptance of the Ho Chi Minh award bestowed on the African National Congress by the World Peace Council
6 November 1986 Press statement by Oliver Tambo in Moscow
19 June 1986 Address to the International Labour Conference
19 June 1986 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the International Labour Conference
16 June 1986 Statement by Oliver Tambo on the tenth anniversary of the Soweto uprising
29 March 1986 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the Funeral of Moses Mbheki Mabhida
25 June 1985 Press statement in Lusaka: Oliver Tambo
16 November 1984 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the Press
10 October 1984 Make South Africa ungovernable: Broadcast on Radio Freedom: Oliver Tambo
4 September 1984 Statement by Oliver Tambo at a Conference on Southern Africa of the Socialist International and the socialist group of the European Parliament with the Frontline States, ANC and SWAPO
23 August 1984 Statement by Oliver Tambo on the struggle continues and grows more intense
16 June 1984 Statement by Oliver Tambo on 16 June
21 March 1984 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the anti-racist day meeting of the Greater London Council
24 July 1983 Statement by Oliver Tambo accepting the Simon Bolivar award on behalf of Nelson Mandela
25 March 1983 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference in solidarity with the frontline states and Lesotho
9 November 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the Plenary Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, New York
9 November 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the plenary meeting of the United Nations General Assembly
5 November 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly
5 November 1982 Twentieth Anniversary of the United Nations Sanctions Resolution: Statement by Oliver Tambo at the plenary meeting of the United Nations General Assembly
26 February 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the second National Conference of solidarity with the peoples of Southern Africa
12 January 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the meeting of the Special Committee against Apartheid
12 January 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the meeting of the United Nations Special Committee against apartheid
8 January 1982 Statement by Oliver Tambo of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress on the 70th Anniversary of ANC
2 December 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo on ANC`s seventieth anniversary: Appeal to the world
1 November 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo on the murder of Griffiths Mxenge
25 May 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo on behalf of the National Liberation Movements
21 May 1981 Statement at the International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa
5 February 1981 Statement by Oliver Tambo on South African Raid on Matola
13 September 1980 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference in solidarity with the struggle of the Namibian People
23 July 1980 Statement by Oliver Tambo at a Press Conference
16 June 1980 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the World Consultation of the World Council of Churches
18 March 1980 Statement of the African National Congress by Oliver Tambo
5 November 1979 Denial of Secret Meeting with Inkatha
27 January 1979 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference on the EEC and South Africa
26 January 1979 Statement by Olive Tambo at the freedom rally organised by the Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement
21 March 1978 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the meeting of the United Nations Special Committee against apartheid to launch the International Anti-Apartheid year
31 October 1975 Statement by Oliver Tambo of the African National Congress on the invasion of Angola by South African Troops
1 April 1975 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the extended meeting of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress
11 July 1973 Statement by Oliver Tambo at a press conference in Addis Ababa
20 June 1973 Statement by Oliver Tambo at meeting to commemorate South Africa Freedom Day and to condemn the 600-year alliance between Britain and Portugal
11 April 1973 Statement by Oliver Tambo at the International Conference of experts for the support of victims of Colonialism and Apartheid in Southern Africa
11 April 1973 Statement at the International Conference in Support of the Victims of Colonialism and Apartheid in Southern Africa
9 April 1973 Statement, on behalf of liberation movements, at the International Conference in Support of the Victims of Colonialism and Apartheid
9 April 1973 Statement by Oliver Tambo on behalf of Liberation Movements, at the International Conference of experts for the support of victims of Colonialism and Apartheid in Southern Africa
2 April 1973 Statement at the meeting of the Special Committee against Apartheid, New York
1 March 1973 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the annual meeting of the African Studies Association, Syracuse
16 December 1971 Statement by Oliver Tambo to the people of South Africa on the tenth anniversary of Umkhonto We Sizwe
Denial of Talks Between ANC and PAC
Statement by Oliver Tambo at Press Conference in Dar Es Salaam concerning sentences in the Rivonia Trial
Statement "Algeria honours Chief Luthuli" by Oliver Tambo
Press statement by Oliver Tambo on denial of Talks Between ANC and PAC
Statement at the meeting of the Special Political Committee of the General Assembly
Statement at the meeting of the Special Committee against Apartheid
Statement on behalf of the South Africa United Front
Statement at the meeting of the Special Political Committee of the United Nations General Assembly
Statement by Oliver Tambo to the Diplomatic Correspondent of Morning Star

Miscellaneous Documents

5 May 1988 Funeral of Sean MacBride: Oliver Tambo
28 May 1987 Canon Collins Memorial Lecture by Oliver Tambo
2 May 1987 A call to the people of South Africa: Oliver Tambo
21 January 1987 Olof Palme Memorial Lecture by Oliver Tambo on disarmament and development
8 January 1987 Appeal by Oliver Tambo to the people of the world on the 75th anniversary of the African National Congress
29 October 1985 Evidence before the Foreign Affairs Committee of the house of commons: Oliver Tambo
21 May 1984 Appeal to the British people to oppose the visit of P.W. Botha: Open letter to Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, President of the Anti-Apartheid movement
2 January 1980 Press Conference Introducing Alexandre Moumbaris, Stephen Lee and Timothy Jenkin who escaped from prison in South Africa: Oliver Tambo
26 May 1978 Oration by Oliver Tambo at the funeral of Moses Kotane
Paper prepared at the request of the United Nations Special Committee Against Apartheid by Oliver Tambo
Call for an intensified International Campaign for the release of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela by Oliver Tambo
Directive concerning the nature of the forthcoming ANC consultative conference in Morogoro by Oliver Tambo
Telegram to Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of the United Arab Republic by Oliver Tambo
A call to all revolutionary forces to rally behind the struggle against Fascist Tyranny in South Africa by Oliver Tambo
"Sechaba is a vehicle of truth the racists will not tell" by Oliver Tambo
Paper Presented to the International Conference for Sanctions Against South Africa by Oliver Tambo

Articles

1 March 1988 Olof Palme and the liberation of Southern Africa by Oliver Tambo
10 November 1985 Article by Oliver Tambo - In the observer
6 March 1980 Article by Oliver Tambo in World Marxist Review
18 September 1971 Apartheid - A threat to Africa`s survival - Article by Oliver Tambo
This item by Oliver Tambo was published as the introduction to the book "No Easy Walk to Freedom" by Ruth First
"Passive resistance in South Africa" by Olive Tambo
Paper prepared at the request of the Special Committee against Apartheid

Letters

21 July 1986 Letter from Oliver Tambo to Sir Geoffrey Howe, United Kingdom Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
13 July 1982 Letter from Oliver Tambo to the Prime Minister of Lesotho, Dr. Leabua Jonathan
5 October 1981 Letter to E. S. Reddy, Director, United Nations Centre Against Apartheid
29 July 1980 Letter to the chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid
29 July 1980 Letter by Oliver Tambo to the Chairman of the United Nations Special Committee Against Apartheid
13 February 1979 Letter from Oliver Tambo to Ayatollah Khomeini
6 October 1975 Letter to the Chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid by O.R. Tambo, President of the ANC
1 June 1974 Letter by Oliver Tambo to the OAU Secretary-General, Mr. William Eteki Mboumoua
Letter to U. Thant, Secretary-General of the United Nations, by Oliver Tambo

Communiques

27 May 1986 Joint Communiqué of the meeting of the National African Federated Chambers of Commerce and the African National Congress: Oliver Tambo
25 June 1985 Second National Consultative Conference Communiqué

Reports

17 June 1985 Political report by Oliver Tambo on the National Executive Committee to the National Consultative Conference of the African National Congress

Declarations

Declaration by Oliver Tambo, Deputy President of the African National Congress, and J.R.D. Chikerema, Vice-President of the Zimbabwe African People`s Union