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Joint Communiqué of the ANC and the Inyandza National Movement following their meeting in Lusaka from 1-3 March, 1986

Delegations of the Inyandza National Movement and the African National Congress met in Lusaka from the 1st to 3rd of March, 1986. The delegations, composed of 21 persons each, were led by their respective Presidents, Enos Mabuza and Oliver Tambo.

The meeting took place at the request of Inyandza, reflecting the conviction of Inyandza that the fundamental problem facing our country, the question of political power, cannot be resolved without the participation of the ANC, which is recognised by the majority of people of South Africa as their leader and genuine representative.

The ANC welcomed the decision of Inyandza and saw it as a very important step towards the further consolidation of the unity of our people and of the democratic movement of our country of which Inyandza is an integral part. After extensive discussions on the current internal and international situation, characterised by a warm spirit of comradeship, the two delegations agreed on a number of important issues.

They agreed that the solution to the problems facing our country lies in the institution of a system of majority rule in a united, democratic and non-racial South Africa. Accordingly they were united in their opposition to the entire system of `separate development` as represented by such institutions as the tri-cameral parliament, the bantustans, the community councils, the Regional Service Councils, the proposed National Statutory Council and so on.

The delegation of Inyandza explained that the principal task facing their movement is the organisation of the people to be part of the forces fighting for a democratic South Africa. To achieve this task, Inyandza is committed to non-violent means of struggle. The ANC expresses its full understanding and support for these positions.

The delegation of the ANC also reported to the meeting on its policy, it strategy and tactics. The ANC emphasised the need for the greatest possible mobilisation of all the people of our country to join in united political action against the apartheid regime. Equally, and in combination with the mass political struggle, the ANC also stressed the importance of the armed struggle to defend the people against the enemy armed forces and to give the people the possibility to seize power from a white minority regime which holds on to power by the use of force.

Inyandza expressed its understanding of the reasons which forced the ANC to resort to armed struggle and explained that as a result of the meeting, it had gained a better understanding of the strategy of the ANC as a whole.

The two delegations agreed that each organisation would continue to act in its own way, in accordance with its own decisions, independently arrived at, in pursuit of the common objective of the birth of a genuinely democratic South Africa. In this regard, the two sides agreed about the need for regular consultations between the two organisations in the interests of the speediest transformation of South Africa into a democratic country.

The two delegations agreed that it was important that other political organisations working with Pretoria-created institutions should, in the interest of all the people of our country, actively involve themselves in the struggle for genuine liberation of our country. In this regard, the two delegations agreed that it is important that these organisations should work in co-operation and not in competition with the rest of the democratic movement of South Africa.

The two delegations agreed that it is of central importance that the campaign for the immediate and unconditional release of Nelson Mandela and all other political prisoners should develop with greater intensity. They agreed that both their organisations would do their utmost in pursuit of this goal.

The two delegations further agreed that the obstacle to a negotiated resolution of the South African problem is the Botha regime. They concluded that no negotiations are possible while the leaders of the people are in prison and while the Pretoria regime refuses to accept that our country should be governed by all its people, both black and white, as equals, brothers and sisters.

The delegations of Inyandza and ANC expressed great confidence that the victory of the people over the system of white minority rule is not far off. They agreed that both organisations would spare nothing in the struggle to realise this objective. The two organisations agreed that they would meet again at a time to be agreed between them.