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ANC Constitution - December 1997

As amended by and adopted at the 50th National Conference, December 1997

CONTENTS

Introduction

Preamble

Rule 1 Name

Rule 2 Aims and Objectives

Rule 3 The Character of the ANC

Rule 4 Membership

Rule 5 Rights and Duties of Members

Rule 6 Organisational Structure

Rule 7 The Headquarters

Rule 8 Provinces

Rule 9 The National Conference

Rule 10 Duties and Powers of the National Conference

Rule 11 National Executive Committee

Rule 12 National Working Committee

Rule 13 The Electoral Commission

Rule 14 Gender and Affirmative Action

Rule 15 The National Finance Committee

Rule 16 Duties and Functions of Officials

Rule 17 Provincial Conference

Rule 18 The Provincial
General Council
Rule 19 The Provincial Executive
Committee
Rule 20 The Provincial Working Committee

Rule 21 Functioning of the Provincial Executive Committee

Rule 22 Provincial Regions
Rule 23
Provincial Chaplaincies
Rule 24 Branches

Rule 25 Zonal Structures and Sub Regions
Rule
26
Discipline
Rule 27 Rules and Regulations

Rule 28 General
Rule 29 Amendment

Rule 30 Special Conference
Rule 31
Contractual Liability
Rule 32 Transitional Arrangements

Rule 33 Dissolution

Schedule: ANC Logo and Colours

Appendix: Disciplinary Procedure

Glossary: Explanation of terms used



INTRODUCTION

As a successful liberation movement, the African National Congress strives
to represent the aspirations of the oppressed. Over a long history, we have
sought to be in tune with the strongest urgings of our people so as to ensure
that we remain their champions - not only as a liberation movement but in the
rebuilding of our land after apartheid.

Within our united, powerful movement, there is a diversity of view and
experience which enriches the voice of the ANC.

The ANC must enter the future, the critical years of consolidation after
transition to democracy, with its house in order. This means reviewing the effectiveness
of our structures at all levels so as to face the world with continuing vigour
and success. All members must examine their actions to ensure that they fit
into the pattern set by the institutions of the ANC.

The movement is judged not only by the performance and personality of individual
members, but also as a collective, as an organisation. Its strength lies in
its capacity to embrace all its members. They all have a role to play. The voluntary
basis of membership of the ANC implies not only rights but acceptance of obligations
to the ANC.

While the ANC has won political power, the task of transforming South African
society and building a new nation is far from complete. The ANC is the lead
organisation in achieving this transformation. It is the prime agent for renewal.
In view of this, all ANC members must seek to be exemplary members of society.
They share in the vanguard of the new nation.

The 50th National Conference of the ANC held in Mafikeng in the North West
Province in December 1997 considered the role of the ANC in government and the
challenges facing the organisation as we move to the 21st Century. The amendments
made by the Conference to the ANC Constitution reflect those deliberations.

The ANC Constitution defines the character and nature of the organisation.
The Constitution also prescribes the rights and duties of its officials and
members.

The ANC Constitution reflects the ANC`s dual position as liberation movement
and political party. Amendments have been made which streamline the structures
of the ANC to make them fit the process of governance.

We therefore call on all our structures and members to support and comply
with the provisions of the ANC Constitution so that we may more effectively
meet the challenges of the 21st Century.

PREAMBLE

Whereas the African National Congress was founded in 1912 to defend and advance
the rights of the African people after the violent destruction of their independence
and the creation of the white supremacist Union of South Africa; and

Whereas in the course of fulfilling this historic aim, the ANC has emerged
to lead the struggle of all democratic and patriotic forces to destroy the apartheid
state and replace it with a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic South
Africa in which the people as a whole shall govern and all shall enjoy equal
rights; and

Whereas through the struggles and sacrifices of its members over the generations,
the ANC has come to be recognised as the central organiser and inspirer of a
vast popular upsurge against apartheid, involving a great array of social, cultural,
religious, trade union, professional and political organisations;

Whereas the fundamental goal of the ANC remains to construct a non-racial,
non-sexist, democratic society in South Africa;

And whereas the historic April 1994 election has placed the ANC in the position
of responsibility for leading the process of reconstruction and development
aimed at eradicating the problems of poverty and inequality created by apartheid
and creating a just and equitable economic and social order;

Now therefore, the 50th Conference of the ANC, duly constituted and assembled,
cognisant of the historic mission of the ANC and of the need to build a mass
based democratic structure to enable it to fulfil its historic mission, hereby
adopts this amended Constitution.

Rule 1 NAME

The name of the organisation shall be the African National Congress, hereinafter
referred to as the ANC.

The logo and the colours of the ANC are as described in the attached schedule.

Rule 2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aims and objectives of the ANC shall be:

2.1 To unite all the people of South Africa, Africans in particular, for the
complete liberation of the country from all forms of discrimination and national
oppression.

2.2 To end apartheid in all its forms and transform South Africa as rapidly
as possible into a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic country based
on the principles of the Freedom Charter and in pursuit of the national democratic
revolution.

2.3 To defend the democratic gains of the people and to advance towards a society
in which the government is freely chosen by the people according to the principles
of universal suffrage on a common voters` role.

2.4 To fight for social justice and to eliminate the vast inequalities created
by apartheid and the system of national oppression.

2.5 To build a South African nation with a common patriotism and loyalty in
which the cultural, linguistic and religious diversity of the people is recognised.

2.6 To promote economic development for the benefit of all.

2.7 To support and advance the cause of women`s emancipation.

2.8 To support and advance the cause of national liberation, development, world
peace, disarmament and environmentally sustainable development.

2.9 To support and promote the struggle for the rights of children and the
disabled.

Rule 3 THE CHARACTER OF THE ANC

3.1 The ANC is a non-racial and non-sexist and democratic liberation movement.

3.2 Its policies are determined by the membership and its leadership is accountable
to the membership in terms of the procedures laid down in this Constitution.

3.3 The ANC also contests elections as a registered political party drawing
its electoral support from all sections of South African society.

3.4 The ANC shall, in its composition and functioning, be non-racial, anti-racist
and non-sexist and against any form of tribalistic exclusivism or ethnic chauvinism.

3.5 While striving for the maximum unity of purpose and functioning, the ANC
shall respect the linguistic, cultural and religious diversity of its members.

3.6 The ANC shall support the emancipation of women, combat sexism and ensure
that the voice of women is fully heard in the organisation and that women are
properly represented at all levels.

3.7 The principles of freedom of speech and free circulation of ideas and information
shall operate within the ANC.

3.8 Membership of all bodies of the ANC will be open to all men and women in
the organisation without regard to race, colour or creed.

3.9 The ANC co-operates closely with religious bodies in the country and provides,
on an interfaith basis, for the recognition of the spiritual needs of its many
members who are believers.

Rule 4 MEMBERSHIP

4.1 Membership of the ANC shall be open to all South Africans above the age
of 18 years, irrespective of race, colour and creed, who accept its principles,
policies and programmes and are prepared to abide by its Constitution and rules.

4.2 Spouses or children of South Africans who have manifested a clear identification
with the South African people and its struggle, may apply for membership.

4.3 All other persons who have manifested a clear identification with the South
African people and their struggle and are resident in South Africa may apply
for membership.

4.4 The National Executive Committee may, acting on its own or on the recommendation
of branch or provincial executive committees, grant honorary membership to those
men and women who do not qualify for membership under Rules 4.1, 4.2 or 4.3,
but who have demonstrated an unwavering commitment to the ANC and its policies.

4.5 Applications for membership shall be considered by the branch executive
committee where such exists, and by the regional executive committee, if no
branch executive committee exists. The branch executive committee, the regional
executive committee, or such interim structures as the Provincial Executive
Committee or the NEC may create from time to time to decide on applications,
shall have the power to accept or refuse any application for membership provided
such acceptance or refusal shall be subject to review by the next higher organ
of the ANC.

4.6 Membership cards shall be issued to registered members of the ANC and to
persons whose application for membership has been accepted, subject to review
as aforesaid, and, in all cases, subject to payment of the prescribed subscription.
An applicant shall be issued with an acknowledgement of provisional membership
and the details of the branch and constituency/area in which the applicant resides
and any available information about the local branch structures.

4.7 a) Provisional membership shall apply to persons who wish to join the
organisation for the first time or who wish to re-join the organisation after
a considerable lapse of time.

4.7 b) Provisional membership rights commence from the date of production
of acknowledgement following receipt of the application and the appropriate
membership subscription. A provisional member shall have the right to attend
branch meetings only in a non-voting capacity.

4.8 Any objection to any application for membership may be made by the membership
to the branch, regional or provincial secretary within eight weeks of the notification.

4.9 At any time before the individual is accepted as a full member of the organisation,
or in exceptional circumstances even after the member has been admitted, the
Secretary-General may rule that the application or the membership may be rejected
if it was invalidly obtained.

4.10 In the absence of any objection from the structures and/or any ruling
by the Secretary-General, the applicant shall, on the expiry of eight weeks
from the date of notification of provisional membership, become a full member.
The provisional member shall then be transferred to the national membership
list as a full member as soon as is practicable.

4.11 The reasons for the rejection of an application for membership by the
Secretary-General or the objection by the membership to the application for
membership must be sent to the individual applicant in writing.

4.12 Membership cards shall be issued to registered members of the ANC and
to persons whose application for membership have been accepted, subject to review
and subject to payment of the prescribed subscription in all cases.

4.13 Members shall pay an annual subscription fee as determined by the National
Executive Committee.

4.14 Non-earning members or those on reduced incomes will pay such fees as
are determined by the NEC.

4.15 On being accepted in the ANC, a new member shall, in a language he or
she knows well, make the following solemn declaration to the body or person
designated to administer such oaths:

I, ..............., solemnly declare that I will abide by the aims and
objectives of the African National Congress as set out in the Constitution,
the Freedom Charter and other duly adopted policy positions, that I am joining
the organisation voluntarily and without motives of material advantage or
personal gain, that I agree to respect the Constitution and the structures
and to work as a loyal member of the organisation, that I will place my energies
and skills at the disposal of the organisation and carry out tasks given to
me, that I will work towards making the ANC an even more effective instrument
of liberation in the hands of the people, and that I will defend the unity
and integrity of the organisation and its principles, and combat any tendency
towards disruption and factionalism.

4.16 The following acts will be regarded as an abuse of organisational rules,
whether committed by individuals or groups:

  1. The payment of membership subscription of the organisation for persons or
    groups of persons who would otherwise be unwilling or unable to pay their
    own subscriptions;
  2. The offer of reduced rate membership to those known by the individual or
    group making the offer to be ineligible for that category of membership;
  3. The recruitment of members who do not reside at an address claimed, where
    this is done in order to manipulate branch meetings or the outcome of organisational
    votes.

4.17 The commission of any of the abuses described in rule 4.16 will be considered
as behaviour likely to invoke disciplinary proceedings.

4.18 Any member of the ANC who stands in an election for local government,
provincial or national government elections or acts as the election agent or
canvasser of a person standing for such election in opposition to a candidate
duly endorsed by the PEC or NEC shall be ineligible to be or remain a member.

4.19 a) Any member who joins a political organisation or party other than
the ANC or a party in alliance with the ANC shall be automatically expelled
by the PEC or NEC where applicable.

4.19 b) Any member who supports a political organisation or party other than
an organisation in alliance with the ANC in a manner contrary to the aims,
objectives and policy of the ANC shall be liable for disciplinary action.

4.20 Members who fail to pay their subscriptions for three months and having
being reminded of their lapse shall not be regarded as members in good standing
until they pay their arrears.

Rule 5 RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE MEMBERS

5.1 Rights:

        A member of the ANC shall have
the right to:

  1. Take a full and active part in the discussion, formulation and implementation
    of the policy of the ANC.
  2. Receive and impart information on all aspects of ANC policy and activities.
  3. Offer constructive criticism of any member, official, policy programme or
    activity of the ANC within its structures.
  4. Take part in elections and be elected or appointed to any committee, structure,
    commission or delegation of the ANC.
  5. Submit proposals or statements to the branch, province, region or NEC, provided
    such proposals or statements are submitted through the appropriate structures.

5.2 Duties:

        A member of the ANC shall:

  1. Belong to and take an active part in the life of his or her branch.
  2. Take all necessary steps to understand and carry out the aims, policy and
    programme of the ANC.
  3. Explain the aims, policy and programme of the ANC to the people.
  4. Deepen his or her understanding of the social, cultural, political and economic
    problems of the country.
  5. Combat propaganda detrimental to the interests of the ANC and defend the
    policy, aims and programme of the ANC.
  6. Fight against racism, tribal chauvinism, sexism, religious and political
    intolerance or any other form of discrimination or chauvinism.
  7. Observe discipline, behave honestly and carry out loyally decisions of the
    majority and decisions of higher bodies.
  8. h) Inform his or her branch of movement to any other area and report to
    the branch committee secretary on arriving at any new area.
  9. Refrain from publishing and/or distributing any media without authorisation
    which purports to be the view of any organised grouping, faction or tendency
    within the ANC.
  10. All members shall ensure that they are registered as voters in the constituency
    where they live.
  11. ANC members who hold elective office in any sphere of governance at national,
    provincial or local level are required to be members of the appropriate caucus,
    to function within its rules and to abide by its decisions under the general
    provisions of this Constitution and the constitutional structures of the ANC.

Rule 6 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE

6.1 The ANC shall consist of the following organs:

  1. The National Conference which elects the National Executive Committee.
  2. The Provincial Conference which elects the Provincial Executive Committee.
  3. The Regional Conference which elects the Regional Executive Committee.
  4. The Branch Annual General Meeting which elects the Branch Executive Committee.

6.2 Branches may be grouped together in zones and may be subdivided into smaller
units such as street committees, and zones may be grouped into sub-regions.

6.3 The ANC Women`s League shall be open to women who are members of the ANC
and shall have the same basic structure, namely, national, provincial and branch.
Its objectives will be to defend and advance the rights of women, both inside
and outside the ANC, against all forms of national, social and gender oppression
and to ensure that women play a full role in the life of the organisation, in
the people`s struggle and in national life. The Women`s League will function
as an autonomous body within the overall structure of the ANC, of which it will
be an integral part, with its own Constitution, rules and regulations, provided
that these shall not be in conflict with the Constitution and policies of the
ANC.

6.4 The ANC Youth League shall be open to all persons between the ages of 14
and 35. It will operate on a national, provincial and branch basis. Its objectives
will be to unite and lead young men and women in confronting and dealing with
the problems that face the youth, and in ensuring that the youth make a full
and rich contribution to the work of the ANC and the life of the nation. The
Youth League will function as an autonomous body within the overall structure
of the ANC, of which it will be an integral part, with its own Constitution,
rules and regulations, provided that these shall not be in conflict with the
Constitution and policies of the ANC.

6.5 Members of the Youth League over the age of 18 shall be expected to play
a full part in the general political life of the ANC.

6.6 A member of the Youth League shall not be eligible for any position as
office-bearer of the ANC or to attend ANC conferences, members` or executive
meetings of the ANC (unless specially invited), unless he or she is a full member
of the ANC.

Rule 7 THE HEADQUARTERS

The site of the National Headquarters of the ANC shall be determined by the
NEC.

Rule 8 PROVINCES

8.1 For purposes of ANC structures, the country shall be divided into the following
provinces:

Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal, Free State, Gauteng,
Northern Province, Mpumalanga, North West.

8.2 The provincial headquarters will be determined by the Provincial Conference.

8.3 The National Executive Committee may from time to time alter the number,
the boundaries or the names of the Provinces.

Rule 9 THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE

9.1 The National Conference shall be the supreme ruling and controlling body
of the ANC.

      It shall be composed of:

9.2 Voting delegates:

  1. At least 90% of the voting delegates at Conference shall be from branches
    which shall be represented by elected delegates. The number of delegates shall
    be in proportion to the paid up membership.
  2. The number of delegates to be elected to National Conference by each province
    shall be fixed by the NEC in proportion to the paid up membership of each
    province.
  3. The remainder of the 10% of voting delegates at the Conference shall be
    allocated by the NEC from among the Provincial Executive Committees, the ANC
    Youth League and the ANC Women`s League.
  4. All members of the National Executive Committee shall attend ex-officio
    as full participants in the conference.

9.3 Non-Voting Delegates:

The NEC may invite individuals, who have made a special contribution to the
struggle or who have special skills or experience, to attend the Conference.

9.4 The NEC shall appoint a conference organising committee which will circulate
conference information in advance, determine the precise procedure for selection
of delegates and indicate how the membership can then ensure their concerns
are on the agenda.

9.5 The Conference shall determine its own procedures in accordance with democratic
principles.

9.6. Voting on key questions shall be by secret ballot if at least one third
of the delegates at National Conference demand it.

9.7     a) The National Conference shall be convened at
least every five years. A National General Council may be convened by the NEC
from time to time, provided that the NEC shall convene a National General Council
not later than 30 months after National Conference.

           b) The NEC
shall, after consultation with Provinces, determine the composition of the National
General Council.

           c) The National
General Council shall:

  1. Subject to paragraph (iv) below, determine and review the policies and
    programmes of the ANC;
  2. receive and discuss reports of the NEC;
  3. have the right to ratify, alter or rescind any decision taken by any of
    the constituent bodies, units or officials of the ANC, including the evaluation
    of the performance of members of the NEC;
  4. have the power to discuss any issue it deems necessary taking into account
    policies and directives of the National Conference.
  5. Subject to Rule 11.3(g) it may fill vacancies that have arisen in the
    NEC provided that such vacancies do not exceed 50% of the Executive.

Rule 10 DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE

The National Conference shall:

10.1 Decide and determine the policy, programme and Constitution of the ANC.

10.2 Receive and discuss the reports of the NEC which shall include the Presidential
Address, the Secretary General`s Report, which shall include a report on the
work and activities of the Women`s League and Youth League, and the Treasurer
General`s Report.

10.3 Have the right and power to review, ratify, alter or rescind any decision
taken by any of the constituent bodies, units or officials of the ANC.

10.4 Elect the President, the Deputy President, National Chairperson, the Secretary
General, Deputy Secretary General, the Treasurer General and the remaining 60
members of the NEC.

10.5 Have the power to elect or appoint any commission or committee and assign
specific tasks and duties to such commission or committee.

Rule 11 NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

11.1 Powers

The National Executive Committee is the highest organ of the ANC between Conferences
and shall have the authority to lead the organisation, subject to the provisions
of this Constitution.

11.2 Without prejudice to the generality of its powers, the NEC shall:

  1. Carry out the decisions and instructions of the National Conference.
  2. Issue and send directives and instructions to and receive reports from the
    provinces.
  3. Supervise and direct the work of the ANC and all its organs, including national,
    provincial and local government caucuses.
  4. Ensure that the provincial regional and branch structures of the ANC function
    democratically and effectively. The NEC may suspend or dissolve a PEC where
    necessary and call for new elections within three months. The suspension may
    not last for more than three months.
  5. Oversee the work of the Women`s League and the Youth League.
  6. Establish departments and set up committees as it considers appropriate.
  7. Manage and control all the national and international property and assets
    of the ANC.
  8. Receive reports, supervise the work of, and delegate such functions to the
    NWC as it considers necessary.
  9. Issue documents and other policy directives as and when it deems fit.
  10. Confer such honours as it may deem appropriate.
  11. Appoint annually a National List Committee of not fewer than five and not
    more than nine persons for the selection and adoption of candidates for the
    national Parliament. The NEC shall draw up regulations for the procedures
    to be followed in such a selection. The National List Committee shall report
    to the NEC prior to the implementation of its recommendations. Provincial
    structures for the adoption of candidates shall report to the National List
    Committee. Every candidate for elections must undertake to abide by the Constitution
    of the ANC and the relevant Code of Conduct for elected representatives.

11.3 The National Executive Committee, except where otherwise stipulated, shall
be elected by secret ballot by the National Conference and shall hold office
for five years and shall be constituted as follows:

  1. The President, Deputy President, National Chairperson, the Secretary General,
    Deputy Secretary General and the Treasurer General who shall be elected separately
    by the National Conference.
  2. Sixty (60) members of the NEC who shall be elected by secret ballot by the
    National Conference.
  3. The Chairperson and the Secretary of each elected ANC Provincial Executive
    Committee who shall be ex officio members of the NEC.
  4. The National President and Secretary of the ANC Women`s League who shall
    be ex-officio members of the NEC.
  5. The National President and Secretary of the ANC Youth League who shall be
    ex- officio members of the NEC.
  6. The NEC shall have the power to co-opt not more than five (5) additional
    members at any time during its term of office in order to provide for a balanced
    representation that reflects the true character of the South African people,
    provided that such co-option enjoys the support of the Provincial Executive
    Committee of the Province from which the proposed person comes.
  7. Should a vacancy occur on the NEC for any reason,the NEC shall have the
    power to fill the vacancy by appointing a replacement.
  8. The quorum for meetings of the NEC shall be 50%+1 of its total membership.
  9. A person shall have been a paid-up member of the ANC for at least five years
    before she or he can be nominated to the National Executive Committee of the
    ANC.

11.4 Nominations for the NEC members referred to in Rule 11.3(a) and 11.3(b)
above shall be by the following procedure:

a) (i) Nominations for the posts of:

  1. President
  2. Deputy President
  3. National Chairperson
  4. Secretary General
  5. Deputy Secretary General
  6. Treasurer General shall be made by any Province and
    placed before the National Conference.

  1. A delegate to the Conference shall, however, have the right
    to nominate any person whose name has not been proposed in terms of sub-section
    (i) above. In such event the presiding officer shall call for seconders
    to the nomination. If such nomination is seconded by a minimum of 25 percent
    (25%) of Conference delegates, then such nomination shall be regarded as
    having been duly seconded, in which event the name of such nominees shall
    be placed on the ballot paper. If the nomination fails to secure the support
    of a minimum of 25% of conference delegates, such nomination shall fall
    away.

b) Nominations of candidates for the National Executive Committee
other than the above positions shall be carried out by the following procedure:

  1. Subject to sub-section (ii) below, only those candidates who
    have been proposed by a Province shall appear on the National Conference
    ballot paper.

  2. A delegate to the conference shall, however, have the right
    to nominate any person whose name has not been proposed in terms of sub-section
    (i) above. In such event the presiding officer shall call for seconders
    to the nomination. If such nomination is seconded by a show of hands by
    a minimum of 25 percent (25%) of Conference delegates, then such nomination
    shall be regarded as having been duly seconded, in which event the name
    of such nominee shall be placed on the ballot paper. If the nomination fails
    to secure the support of a minimum of 25% of delegates, such nomination
    shall fall away.

  3. Not more than two persons per province may be successfully
    nominated in terms of b)(ii) above.

11.5 Voting shall take place by secret ballot. Each voting delegate
shall vote once in each ballot.

11.6 If any Provincial Chairperson or Secretary is elected to the NEC in his
or her own right or as a national official, such person shall vacate the Provincial
position, provided that the Province has the right to make representations to
the NEC, in a special case, where extraordinary circumstances may warrant an
exception to this rule. However, when such a provincial officer is allowed to
retain his or her NEC position, the Province shall not be entitled to an additional
member on the NEC.

11.7 Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Secretary General,
the Deputy Secretary General and the Treasurer General shall be full-time functionaries
of the ANC.

11.8 The NEC shall meet in plenary session at least once every three months
and shall provide broad political and organisational perspectives to the National
Working Committee.

Rule 12 NATIONAL WORKING COMMITTEE

12.1 As soon as possible after the conclusion of the National Conference, the
NEC shall meet and elect a National Working Committee.

12.2 The National Working Committee shall be constituted as follows: The President,
Deputy President, National Chairperson, Secretary General, Deputy Secretary
General and the Treasurer General.

12.3 In addition, the NEC shall elect additional members to the NWC from among
the directly-elected members of the NEC. These shall not exceed one-quarter
of the composition of the directly-elected members.

12.4 The members of the National Working Committee shall not necessarily be
full-time functionaries of the ANC. However, the NEC shall determine the extent
to which the elected members shall be full-time functionaries who may be allocated
specific responsibilities.

12.5 The ANC Women`s League and the ANC Youth League shall appoint one representative
each to serve on the NWC.

12.6 The National Working Committee shall:

  1. Carry out decisions and instructions of the National Conference and the
    NEC.
  2. Conduct the current work of the ANC and ensure that provinces, regions,
    branches and all other ANC structures such as parliamentary caucuses carry
    out the decisions of the ANC.
  3. Submit a report to each NEC meeting.

Rule 13 THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION

13.1 The NEC shall appoint an Electoral Commission of not fewer than three
members whose task it will be:

  1. To prepare the ballot papers as directed by the Constitution.
  2. To make provision for ballot boxes or other means of secret voting.
  3. To create machinery for the counting of ballot papers and the effective
    supervision of the counting of votes.
  4. To announce the results of all ballots and make known the number of votes
    received by each successful candidate.
  5. To establish procedures for voting and to determine any dispute raised in
    regard to elections and election procedures, and to determine how any tied
    vote should be resolved.

13.2. The names of the electoral commission whose work shall commence before
Conference opens shall be submitted to the Conference for endorsement and they
shall then be reinforced by a representative appointed by each Provincial delegation.

Rule 14 GENDER AND AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

14.1 In an endeavour to ensure that women are adequately represented in all
decision-making structures, the ANC shall implement a programme of affirmative
action, including the provision of a quota of at least one-third (1/3) in all
its structures to enable such effective participation.

14.2 The method of such implementation shall be addressed in all ANC structures
immediately and on a continuing basis.

Rule 15 THE NATIONAL FINANCE COMMITTEE

15.1 The NEC shall appoint the National Finance Committee.

15.2 The NEC shall determine the composition and powers of the National Finance
Committee.

15.3 The National Finance Committee shall report to the NEC at least twice
a year on the finances and budget of the ANC.

Rule 16 DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF OFFICIALS

16.1 The President

        The President is the head and
chief directing officer of the ANC and the leader of the house at a National
Conference. He or she shall:

  1. Present to the National Conference a comprehensive statement of the state
    of the nation and the political situation generally.
  2. Make pronouncements for and on behalf of the NEC outlining and explaining
    the policy or attitude of the ANC on any question.
  3. Preside over meetings of the NEC in conformity with the Constitution, by-laws
    and rules of procedure adopted by the NEC.
  4. Under the overall supervision of the NEC, orient and direct the activities
    of the ANC.
  5. Be an ex-officio member of the NWC.

16.2 Deputy President

The Deputy President shall assist the President, deputise for him or her when
necessary and carry out whatever functions are entrusted to him or her by the
National Conference, the President or the NEC. He or she shall be an ex-officio
member of the NWC.

16.3 In the event of death or permanent incapacity of the President and the
Deputy President, the NEC shall as soon as possible appoint an Acting
President
until such time as the National Conference meets.

16.4 The National Chairperson shall:

  1. Preside over the National Conference.
  2. Remain the custodian of the decisions taken by the National Conference and
    ensure that all organs of the ANC implement these decisions and operate within
    the parameters of policy set out by Conference.
  3. Carry out such additional tasks as the Conference or NEC may instruct.
  4. Be an ex-officio member of the NWC.

16.5 In the absence or incapacity of the National Chairperson, the President
shall assume his or her functions.

16.6 The Secretary General

        The Secretary General is the
chief administrative officer of the ANC. He or she shall:

  1. Keep the minutes of the National Conference, the NEC, the NWC as well as
    other records of the ANC.
  2. Conduct the correspondence of the NEC and the NWC and send out notices of
    all conferences and meetings at the national level.
  3. Convey the decisions and instructions of the National Conference, the NEC
    and the NWC to the provincial executive committees, and see to it that all
    units of the ANC carry out their duties properly.
  4. Prepare annual reports on the work of the NEC and the NWC and such other
    documents which may, from time to time, be required by the NEC and the NWC.
  5. In the absence of the President or the Deputy President, the Secretary General
    shall assume the functions of the President.
  6. All departments, save those falling directly under the President, shall
    report on their activities to the Secretary General.
  7. Be an ex-officio member of the NWC.

16.7 Deputy Secretary General

        The Deputy Secretary General
shall assist the Secretary General, deputise for him or her when necessary and
carry out the functions entrusted to him or her by the National Conference or
the NEC and shall be an ex- officio member of the NWC.

16.8 Treasurer General

        The Treasurer General is the
chief custodian of the funds and property of the ANC. He or she shall:

  1. Receive and bank all monies on behalf of the NEC and shall, together with
    any two members of the NEC, operate a banking account.
  2. Keep such books of account as may be necessary to record clearly the financial
    position of the ANC.
  3. Submit to the National Conference a report showing the Income and Expenditure
    Account and Balance Sheet of the ANC for the period since the previous National
    Conference, and shall submit periodic reports to the NEC and the NWC.
  4. Be responsible, with the National Finance Committee, for working out and
    executing plans for fund raising.
  5. Be an ex-officio member of the NWC.

16.9 The National Chaplaincy

        There shall be a National Chaplaincy
appointed by the NEC on an interfaith basis to provide spiritual guidance.

Rule 17 PROVINCIAL CONFERENCE

17.1 Subject to the overall guidance of the NEC, the Provincial Conference
shall be the highest organ of the ANC in each Province.

17.2 The Provincial Conference shall:

  1. Be held at least once every three years and more often if requested by at
    least one third of all branches in the Province.
  2. Be a conference attended by delegates chosen on a democratic basis by all
    branches in the Province with representation in proportion to membership,
    with attention being paid to ensuring representation of areas where membership
    is reduced.
  3. Be attended by members of the Provincial Executive Committee who shall have
    full voting and speaking rights as ex officio participants.
  4. Be attended by representatives of the Women`s League and Youth League with
    voting rights.
  5. Carry out the decisions of the National Conference, the NEC and the NWC.
  6. Receive and consider reports by the Provincial Executive Committee.
  7. Elect the Provincial Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, Secretary, Deputy
    Secretary, Treasurer and other members of the Provincial Executive Committee
    who will hold office for 3 years. The Provincial Secretary shall be a full-time
    functionary of the organisation.
  8. Carry out and develop the policy and programme of the ANC in the Province.

Rule 18 THE PROVINCIAL GENERAL COUNCIL

18.1 A Provincial General Council shall be convened between Provincial Conferences.

18.2 The Provincial General Council consists of all members of the Provincial
Executive Committee and delegates representing branches in proportion to membership,
with a minimum of one delegate per branch. The Women`s and Youth Leagues shall
be represented by their PECs. The RECs shall be appropriately represented as
determined by the PEC.

18.3 The PGC shall meet at least once a year. A PGC shall, for good cause shown,
be convened by the PEC upon the request of one-third (1/3) of branches in the
Province.

18.4 The Provincial General Council may discuss and decide any issue it deems
necessary, including any matter brought before it by the PEC, and may decide
on any matter falling within its competence, subject always to the policies
and directives of the National Conference, National General Council, Provincial
Conference or the NEC.

18.5 The PGC may fill any vacancy on the PEC provided that the filling of vacancies
does not exceed 50% of the membership of the PEC.

Rule 19 PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

19.1 The Provincial Executive Committee shall be responsible for carrying out
the decisions of the Provincial Conference and Provincial General Council always
subject to Rule 18.4.

19.2 It shall consist of the Provincial Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, Secretary,
Deputy Secretary, Treasurer and not more than 13 other persons elected by the
Provincial Conference. A person shall have been a paid- up member of the ANC
for three years before she or he can be nominated to a Provincial Executive
Committee of the ANC. Each region shall be equally represented by the Chair
and/or the Secretary as determined by the PEC provided that the number of regional
representatives on the PEC does not exceed the number of elected members of
the PEC.

19.3 The Women`s League and the Youth League in the Province shall be represented
by two representatives with full voting rights.

19.4 The PEC shall:

  1. Meet as soon as possible after its election to elect the Provincial Working
    Committee and thereafter at least once a month.
  2. Carry out the decisions of the Provincial Conference and the NEC.
  3. Manage and control the funds and assets of the ANC in the Province.
  4. Submit reports to the NEC Provincial Conference and Provincial General Council
    as often as is required on the state of the organisation, the financial position
    of the province, and such other matters as may be specified.
  5. Appoint the regional organiser and staff as required.
  6. Organise, establish and service branches in the Province and supervise the
    work of the regions in the Province; suspend, dissolve, and re-launch branch
    executive committees and regional executive committees where necessary, subject
    to any directives from the provincial conference provided that where a BEC
    or REC has been suspended or dissolved there shall be a right of appeal to
    the NEC. A suspension shall not exceed a period of three months. Elections
    for dissolved structures shall be called within three months.
  7. Carry out the policy and programme of the ANC and do all things necessary
    to further the interests, aims and objectives of the organisation
  8. Have the right to co-opt up to 3 persons subject to confirmation by the
    Provincial General Council.
  9. The quorum for any meeting of the PEC shall be 50% (fifty percent)+1 of
    its total membership.
  10. Have the duty to appoint annually a Provincial List and Candidates Committee
    which will identify regulations for the drawing up of the Provincial List
    of candidates for national elections, provincial elections and for the selection
    of candidates for local government elections. The Provincial Executive Committee
    shall report to the NEC and shall be bound by the recommendations of the National
    List Committee. Every candidate for elections must undertake, in writing prior
    to the elections, to abide by the Constitution of the ANC and the relevant
    Code of Conduct for elected representatives.

Rule 20 PROVINCIAL WORKING COMMITTEE

20.1 The Provincial Working Committee shall be a core group of the PEC and
shall consist of not less than one quarter of its members, including the Chairperson,
Secretary and Treasurer of the Province and the Chair or Secretary of the ANC
Women`s League and the ANC Youth League in that Province.

20.2 It shall perform the duties and functions of the PEC to which it shall
report.

20.3 It shall meet at least once a week.

Rule 21 FUNCTIONING OF THE PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

21.1 Provincial offices shall, with due allowance for differences of scale
and level of work, perform the same functions as their national counterparts.

21.2 The PEC shall, wherever possible, set up provincial departments in line
with national departments.

21.3 The PEC shall determine the boundaries of regions within the Provinces,
in consultation with the NEC.

Rule 22 PROVINCIAL REGIONS

22.1 The PEC, under the supervision of the NEC, shall divide the Province into
regions for the more efficient and democratic functioning of the ANC.

22.2 The maximum number of regions shall be determined by the PEC but shall
not exceed 13 in number.

22.3 Each region shall hold a regional conference every two years which shall
elect the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, Secretary, Deputy Secretary and Treasurer
and a committee of not more than fifteen members; in addition the Chair and
Secretary of the ANC Women`s League and the ANC Youth League in that Region
shall be members of the Regional Executive Committee. A person shall have been
a member of the ANC for at least two years before she or he can be nominated
to a Regional Executive Committee of the ANC.

22.4 Each branch within a region shall be entitled to send delegates to the
biennial regional conference in proportion to its members.

22.5 There shall be at least one regional council meeting in the course of
each year with each branch being entitled to send at lease one delegate. Additional
regional council meetings may be convened by the regional executive committee
or the PEC or on the request of at least one-third of the branches.

22.6 The regional executive committee shall be accountable to the PEC for its
functioning. The powers of the regional executive committee are such powers
delegated to it by the PEC.

22.7 Regional Executive Committees may recommend to the PEC the suspension
or dissolution of a BEC, Zonal Committee or Sub-Regional Committees.

Rule 23 PROVINCIAL CHAPLAINCIES

Provincial Chaplains may be appointed by the PEC on the same basis as National
Chaplaincy.

Rule 24 BRANCHES

Every member of the ANC shall belong to a branch, which shall be the basic
unit of the organisation.

24.1 The branch shall:

  1. Be registered with the PEC and have a minimum of 100 members, provided that
    the PEC may confer special recognition, where due to exceptional circumstances,
    the branch has fewer than 100 members.
  2. Meet as provided for in the rules and regulations.
  3. Be the place where members exercise their basic democratic rights to discuss
    and formulate policy.
  4. Be the basic unit of activity for members.
  5. Elect at an annual branch meeting a Branch Executive Committee consisting
    of Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Treasurer,
    and other committee members, consisting of not less than three and not more
    than ten persons. A person shall have been a member of the ANC for one year
    before she or he can be nominated to a Branch Executive Committee of the ANC,
    provided that where a new branch is being established, the PEC may waive this
    provision. The Women`s League and the Youth League, shall be entitled to two
    representatives each on the BEC.
  6. Meet at least once per month.

24.2 The branch executive committee shall:

  1. Meet as soon as possible after its election and allocate tasks and functions
    among its members to enable it to carry out the day-to-day activities of the
    Branch.
  2. Carry out the publicity and organisational work in its area in furtherance
    of the policy, programme and decisions of the ANC.
  3. Meet at least once per fortnight.
  4. Submit reports on its work to the branch meeting and at least each month
    to the Regional Executive Committee.
  5. Co-opt not more than three persons, if it considers it necessary to ensure
    greater representativity.
  6. The quorum for each meeting of the Branch Executive Committee shall be 50%+1
    (fifty percent plus one) of the total BEC membership.

Rule 25 ZONAL STRUCTURES AND SUB REGIONS

25.1 Any three (3) or more branches within a Region for the purpose of co-ordination
of activities and better organisational efficiency, may be formed into a Zone
at the instance of the Regional Executive Committee after consultation with
the relevant branches, or on application to the PEC, by at least two branches
within an area of a proposed Zone.

25.2 Whenever a Zone has been established the Branch Executive of constituent
Branches shall at a properly convened meeting, elect a Zonal Committee which
shall consist of a Chairperson, Secretary, Treasurer and one (1) representative
elected per Branch within the Zone.

25.3 Where Zonal structures of the Women`s League and Youth League exist, they
shall be represented by one (1) member each, subject to the same provisions
relating to the requirement for ANC membership.

25.4 The tasks of the Zonal Committee will include:

  1. To meet at least once a month.
  2. To co-ordinate the work and activities of the constituent branches and submit
    reports to the REC.
  3. To see to the implementation of the instructions of the NEC, PEC or the
    PWC, REC in the Zone.
  4. To participate in the work of the Regional Council.
  5. To maintain effective links with all branches in the Zone.

25.5 Sub-regions may be formed by 3 or more Zones with similar arrangements
and powers as between Zones.

Rule 26 DISCIPLINE

26.1 All members, without exception, must abide by the Constitution of the
ANC, the Rules, the Standing Orders and Codes of Conduct as adopted or amended
from time to time.

26.2 Disciplinary proceedings against a member shall be confined to violations
of the ANC Constitution, Rules, Standing Orders, Codes of Conduct, or the commission
of offences as set out in Rule 26.3, and shall not:

  1. Be used as a means of stifling debate or denying members their basic democratic
    rights;
  2. Be instituted as a means of solving private problems or as a means of interfering
    in the private lives of members where the norms of the organisation are not
    directly affected, unless such conduct itself constitutes a violation or an
    offence affecting the organisation.

26.3 A serious offence shall be committed by any member who:

26.3.1 Prejudices the integrity or repute of the organisation, its personnel
or its operational capacity by:

  1. Impeding the activities of the organisation;
  2. Creating division within its ranks or membership;
  3. Doing any other act which undermines its effectiveness as an organisation.
  4. Acting on behalf of or in collaboration with:
  1. Counter-revolutionary forces;
  2. A political organisation or party other than an organisation or party
    in alliance with the ANC in a manner contrary to the aims, policies and
    objectives of the ANC;
  3. Intelligence or the security services of other countries;
  4. Any person or group who seriously interferes with the work of the organisation
    or prevents it from fulfilling its mission and objectives.

26.3.2 The following shall also be regarded as serious offences, without prejudice
to the generality of this provision and the right of the NEC to add to this
category of offences:

  1. Conviction in a court of law and sentenced to a term of imprisonment without
    the option of a fine, for any serious non-political offence;
  2. Misappropriation of the funds of the organisation or destruction of its
    properties;
  3. Behaving corruptly in seeking or accepting any bribe for performing or for
    not performing any task;
  4. Engaging in sexual or physical abuse of women or children or abuse of office
    to obtain sexual or any other undue advantage from members or others;
  5. Abuse of elected or employed office in the organisation or in the State
    to obtain any direct or indirect undue advantage or enrichment;
  6. Fighting or behaving in a grossly disorderly or unruly way;
  7. Deliberately disrupting meetings and interfering with the orderly functioning
    of the organisation.

26.3.3 If, in the opinion of the NEC or the relevant body exercising its right
to invoke disciplinary proceedings under this Constitution, a member is guilty
of the following offences, disciplinary proceedings may follow:

  1. Behaviour which brings the organisation into disrepute or which manifests
    a flagran violation of the moral integrity expected of members or conduct
    unbecoming that of a member;
  2. Sowing racism, sexism, tribal chauvinism, religious and political intolerance,
    regionalism or any form of discrimination;
  3. Behaving in such a way as to provoke serious divisions or a break-down of
    unity in the organisation;
  4. Undermining the respect for or impeding the functioning of the structures
    of the organisation;
  5. Participating in organised factional activity that goes beyond the recognised
    norms of free debate inside the organisation and threatens its unity.

26.4   a Disciplinary proceedings shall normally be conducted at
the level where the alleged violation or offence took place, namely the branch,
region, province or national, and may be heard by the relevant structure;

b The NWC may direct that the disciplinary proceedings should be heard at
a higher level from where the alleged violation or offence took place.

26.5   a Any person faced with disciplinary proceedings shall receive
due written notice of any hearing and of the basic allegations and charges against
him or her and be afforded a reasonable opportunity to make his or her defence.

b The National Disciplinary Committee shall draw up guidelines for the interpretation
of this section on discipline and for the rules of procedure including time
limits to be followed before, during and after a hearing.

26.6 Any person found guilty in a disciplinary proceeding, or the complainant
has the right, within a reasonable period, to appeal against the conviction
or sentence, to the next higher body of the ANC. The NWC may direct that any
appeal should be heard by a body higher than the one to which the appeal has
been made. The PEC may direct that an appeal against the decision by a branch
should be heard directly by the Provincial Disciplinary Committee.

26.7 Penalties for proven violations of the Constitution, principles, norms
and decisions of the ANC shall include reprimand, payment of compensation and/or
the performance of useful tasks, suspension and expulsion.

26.8 Temporary Suspension

The Provincial Disciplinary Committee, the National Disciplinary Committee
or the NWC having regard to the nature and seriousness of an alleged violation
or offence by a member, may summarily suspend the membership of any member
pending the preparation of a charge against the member and the finalisation
of disciplinary proceedings against the member. The member shall be informed
of such suspension. The temporary suspension shall lapse if no disciplinary
proceedings are instituted against the member within 30 days of the date of
the temporary suspension. Such disciplinary proceedings shall be attended
to as quickly as possible and completed within a reasonable period.

26.9 All disciplinary proceedings shall be attended to as speedily as possible.

26.10 Decisions relating to disciplinary proceedings shall be publicly announced.

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  1. The NEC shall appoint a National Disciplinary Committee from among its membership
    and from other structures of the ANC. The decisions of the NDC shall be final
    except that the NEC may, in its discretion, review a decision. Such a review
    shall be regulated by standing orders adopted by the NEC.
  2. The National Disciplinary Committee shall hear and determine violations
    or offences on appeal from appropriate organs of the ANC. In addition, the
    national officers, the NWC or the NEC may refer such violations or offences
    directly to the NDC. In exceptional situations arising out of serious breaches
    of the Constitution, Rules or Codes of Conduct, the NDC itself may exercise
    jurisdiction to investigate and determine a complaint.
  3. 26.11 The NEC may authorise other structures of the ANC to institute disciplinary
    proceedings and to set up appropriate structures to apply the provisions of
    this Rule.

    Rule 27 RULES AND REGULATIONS

    27.1 The NEC shall have the power to adopt rules and regulations for the better
    carrying out of the activities of the ANC.

    27.2 The PECs shall have the power to adopt rules and regulations for the better
    functioning of the ANC in their respective provinces.

    27.3 All such rules and regulations shall be consistent with the constitutional
    norms of the ANC, and rules and regulations framed by the PEC shall only become
    operative when approved by the NEC, or, on a provisional basis pending approval
    by the NEC, by the NWC.

    27.4 The NEC shall have the power to frame a code of conduct to cover all structures,
    officials, public representatives, office bearers and members.

    Rule 28 GENERAL

    The ANC shall have perpetual succession and power, apart from its individual
    members, to acquire, hold and alienate property, enter into agreements and do
    all things necessary to carry out its aims and objects and defend its members,
    its property and its reputation.

    Rule 29 AMENDMENTS

    Any amendments to this Constitution shall be by a two-thirds majority of delegates
    present and voting at the National or Special Conference. Notice of intent to
    propose any amendments to the Constitution should be forwarded to the Office
    of the Secretary General at least three months before the National or Special
    Conference. The NEC shall provide at least one month`s notice for any Constitutional
    amendment.

    Rule 30 SPECIAL CONFERENCE

    30.1 A special conference of the ANC may be convened by the NEC at any time
    or at the request of a majority of the Provinces for a stated purpose or purposes.

    30.2 Not less thank one month`s notice of such conference shall be given.

    30.3 Participation at the Conference shall be determined by the NEC, provided
    that branches shall be represented at such a conference in proportion to their
    membership.

    Rule 31 CONTRACTUAL LIABILITY

    Only the National Officials shall have the authority to bind the ANC or to
    create any legal relationship. Any other person purporting to bind the ANC must
    produce a written authorisation from one of the National Officials which must
    indicate the extent of that person`s authority.

    Rule 32 TRANSITIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

    The NEC is authorised to make consequential changes to the content and style
    of these rules following these amendments and to make such transitional arrangements
    as necessary.

    Rule 33 DISSOLUTION

    The National Conference or any Special Conference may dissolve the organisation
    by a two-thirds majority of delegates present and voting and transfer the assets
    and liabilities of the movement in such a manner as determined by the Conference.

    SCHEDULE TO ANC CONSTITUTION

    ANC Logo and Colours

    The ANC logo is a black African shield in the form of a pointed oval with a
    narrow white border and canton, the latter bearing six narrow black horizontal
    bars, surmounted in the centre by a spear erect the shaft white bearing a narrow
    black vertical line and the blade facetted vertically,white and black, held
    by a right hand issuant from behind an eight-spoked wheel set to the viewer`s
    right, both white, the rim and spaces between the spokes of the wheel, black,
    flotant from the upper shaft of the spear and partly surmounting the wheel,
    a horizontal tricolour, comprising from top to bottom, equal bands of black,
    green and gold.

    ANC Flag

    The ANC flag is rectengular; it is one and a half times longer than it is wide.
    It is a horizontal tricolour, comprising from top to bottom, equal bands of
    black, green and gold.

    APPENDIX

    Disciplinary Procedure (as amended on 17 February 1998)

    INTRODUCTION

    Rule 26 of the Constitution deals with discipline. This disciplinary procedure
    prescribes how the disciplinary procedure is to be used and how disciplinary
    proceedings are to be conducted.

    OBJECTIVE OF DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE

    The objective of disciplinary procedure is to ensure that in all disciplinary
    proceedings:

    • There is a formal procedure.
    • There is a just and fair procedure.
    • A member is presumed innocent until proven guilty.
    • A member has a chance to defend herself or himself.
    • A member has the right to appeal.

    STARTING DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE

    Disciplinary Proceedings may be instituted:

    1. Only for violations or offences of the ANC Constitution, the Rules, the
    Standing Orders, Codes of Conduct, or the violations and offences set out in
    Rule 26.3.1 or Rule 26.3.2 or Rule 26.3.3. (See Rule 26.2. of the ANC Constitution.)

    2. By any organ or official of the ANC at Branch, Regional, Provincial or National
    level.However, the NWC may direct that the disciplinary proceedings should take
    place at a higher level than where a violation or offence was committed (Rule
    26.4).

    3. By the National Disciplinary Committee which can hear and decide cases:

    • Referred to it by the ANC National Officials, NWC, or the NEC.
    • Of very serious violations or offences on its own initiative (Rule 26.11).

    At Branch, Regional, Provincial or National level by a Disciplinary Committee
    unless:

    • The NWC directs that the disciplinary proceedings should take place at a
      higher level than where a violation or offence was allegedly committed (Rule
      26.4).
    • The National Disciplinary Committee institutes disciplinary proceedings
      referred by the ANC National Officials, NWC, or the NEC (Rule 26.11).
    • The National Disciplinary Committee institutes disciplinary proceedings
      itself for very serious violations or offences.(Rule 26.11)

    HOLDING DISCIPLINARY PROCEEDINGS

    1. A charge must be made within reasonable time of the violation or offence.
    (Rule 26.9)

    2. A charge must be prepared on behalf of the organ or officials of the ANC
    instituting the disciplinary proceedings. The charge must:

    • Be in writing
    • Set out the information forming the reason for the charge and the alleged
      violation or offence in reasonable detail.
    • Identify the:

    • Provision of the ANC Constitution, the Rules, the Standing
      Orders, Codes of Conduct alleged to have been violated.

    • The violations and offences set out in Rule 26.3.1 or Rule
      26.3.2 or Rule 26.3.3 alleged to have been committed.

    • Advise the charged member of her or his right to be represented
      by a member of the ANC in good standing, to have an interpreter present,
      to call witnesses for defence of the charge, and to recall and question
      witnesses called for prosecution of the charge.

    • Specify the time and place of the disciplinary proceedings.

    • Be delivered to the charged member seven days before the
      disciplinary proceedings or sooner if this is necessary in certain serious
      circumstances.

    3. The following persons must be present at a Disciplinary Proceeding:

    • The Chairperson and members of the Disciplinary Committee.
    • The presenter of the charge.
    • The charged member, who can be tried in her or his absence if she or he
      does not appear.
    • The charged member`s representative and/ or interpreter who is a member
      of the ANC in good standing.
    • The witnesses.
    • A minute taker.

    4 The Chairperson of the Disciplinary Committee must ensure that:

    • The disciplinary proceedings are held in a fair manner. He or she will rule
      on all matters that may arise and ensure order is maintained.
    • The charged member is informed of the charge, is informed of her or his
      rights and is asked to plead guilty or not guilty to the charge.
    • The presenter of the charge details the charged member`s alleged violation
      or offence and may call witnesses in support of the charge and may produce
      relevant documentation in support of the charge.
    • The charged member or her or his representative presents the defence to
      the charge and may call witnesses and may request the recall of and question
      witnesses called in support of the charge, and may produce relevant documentation.

    ADJUDICATION

    At the end of the disciplinary proceedings, the Chairperson of the Disciplinary
    Committee must ensure that:

    1. The members of the Disciplinary Committee discuss the issues raised at the
    disciplinary proceedings in private and make a finding based on the facts and
    evidence of the case and make a ruling.

    2. The Chairperson and the members of the Disciplinary Committee decide
    a penalty. The penalties are:

    • Reprimand
    • Payment of compensation and/or performance of useful tasks
    • Suspension
    • Expulsion.

    3. The charged member is advised of the ruling and the penalty of the Disciplinary
    Committee with the reasons for these and is advised of her or his right to appeal.

    4. That the ruling and penalty are publicly announced. (Rule 26.10).

    APPEAL

    1. An appeal may be lodged by:

    • The charged person against whom a finding has been made or a penalty imposed
      by the Disciplinary Committee.
    • The organ and/or officials who laid the charge against a finding or a penalty
      imposed by the Disciplinary Committee.

    2. An Appeal Hearing must be held by the next higher level unless:

    • The PEC directs that any appeal from a Branch Disciplinary Committee appeal
      should be heard by the Provincial Disciplinary Committee.
    • The NWC directs that any appeal should be heard by a higher level than the
      next higher level.

    3. The National Disciplinary Committee is the final structure for appeals to
    be heard. However, the NEC may at its discretion review a decision of the National
    Disciplinary Committee in accordance with standing orders adopted by the NEC.
    (Rule 26.11).

    APPEAL  PROCEDURE

    The following procedure must be followed for appeals:

    1. The appeal must be made at the next higher level or the level which the
    NWC or the PEC directs to hear the appeal.

    2. The appeal must:

    • Be made within fourteen days of the charged member being informed of the
      ruling and penalty with the reasons for these.
    • Be in writing
    • Set out the reason for the appeal in reasonable detail.
    • Set out the grounds for the appeal in reasonable detail.

    3. Except in exceptional circumstances determined by the Chairperson of the
    Disciplinary Committee hearing the Appeal, no new evidence may be presented
    or considered at the appeal. No new charges may be brought at the appeal.

    4. The Chairperson and the members of the Disciplinary Committee must discuss
    the issues raised at the appeal hearing, and come to a finding based on the
    facts and evidence of the appeal hearing and make a ruling which can confirm,
    vary or amend the original ruling and/or penalty.

    5. The person who appeals must be advised of the ruling and the confirmation
    or variation of the original ruling and/or penalty.

    6. Any further appeal will need the permission of the next higher level.

    7. Any such further appeal must follow the above appeal procedure.

    GLOSSARY

    EXPLANATION OF TERMS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION

    Accountable: To answer for, or explain, one`s conduct,
    decisions or acts.

    Additional Members: NEC Members who are elected.

    Annual subscription fee: The NEC decides the annual
    subscription fee.

    Appeal: A resort or an application to a higher authority
    for a decision.

    Assign: To give out as a task.

    Autonomous: The Leagues operate independently, next
    to and in addition to ANC structures and within the framework of the Constitution
    and policies of the ANC.

    Bribe: A bribe includes any promise or offer to give
    something, usually money, to procure services or gain influences in an improper
    manner.

    Candidate duly endorsed: A candidate nominated and
    elected democratically by the constitutional structures of the ANC at the appropriate
    levels, and endorsed by the NEC, the PEC or the Branch.

    Chaplaincy: Does not have the usual meaning which
    necessarily refers to one faith only, and it is therefore qualified by the word
    "interfaith" in the next line.

    Consistent with: Agreeing, compatible, not contradictory.

    Constitution: The Constitution of the ANC contains
    the rules and principles that prescribes the rights and duties of its official
    structures and members. It is the basic law of the movement which must be observed
    by all members.

    Contractual liability: The effect of this is to protect
    the ANC against being held responsible by outsiders (e.g. a money lender) for
    the actions of an individual member who may have been acting on his or her own
    account.

    Co-opt: This is an option whereby an elected body
    appoints further (non-elected) members to itself.

    Deemed [necessary]: Considered, regarded as a subjective
    opinion; indicates a state of affairs which does not necessarily or in fact
    exists, but is taken or regarded to exist.

    Designated to administer...oaths: The ANC designates
    someone within the organisation to administer the oath.

    Direct: To conduct the affairs of, manage, regulate.

    Directive: An order or instruction, especially one
    issued by a central authority.

    Disrepute: The absence or loss of reputation; discredit;
    disgrace.

    Elective office: Refers to an office held as Councillor,
    Member of the Provincial Legislature or Member of Parliament.

    Electoral Commission: The ANC appoints from among
    its members a body to constitute an Electoral Commission.

    Election agent: Representative of a candidate contesting
    an election and who represents the interests of the candidate.

    Ex officio: Means by vitue of his or her position
    or office.

    Eligible/Ineligible [for membership]: These are the
    rules that determine which persons are eligible for (qualified for or worthy
    to be) members of the organisation. A person qualified for membership is not
    necessarily entitled to membership.

    Endorsed: Approved or supported

    Ethnic chauvinism: A prejudiced belief in the superiority
    of a certain ethnic group (a cultural or social group with certain characteristics
    like religion, language, ancestry or physical traits).

    Freedom Charter: The document containing the essential
    philosophy of the ANC, adopted by the (then) alliance in 1955 and ratified by
    the ANC in April 1956.

    Good cause shown: Sufficient reasons. Any fact or
    circumstance that would make it just and fair between the parties. Good cause
    should not merely be alleged, but must be able to be shown.

    Honorary membership: Membership given as a mark of
    honour without the usual requirements or privileges of membership.

    Impeding [activities]: Obstruct the way of, hinder
    the progress of.

    Incapacity: Lack of strength or ability; disability,
    helplessness.

    Invalidly obtained [membership] Membership obtained
    falsely, not in accordance with the Constitution, and therefore legally ineffective.

    Legal relationship: A relationship, like for example
    a contract, from which legal rights, obligations (like debts) and duties flow.

    Logo and Colours: The ANC is the sole copyright holder
    of its logo and colours.

    Member: A person who has applied for and being accepted
    as a paid up member of the ANC. South African citizens over 18 years of age
    may apply for membership.

    Members not in good standing: A member who fails
    to pay his or her subscriptions for three months and whose membership has lapsed.

    Misappropriation: To use money or funds wrongly or
    dishonestly, especially for one`s own use.

    National Democratic Revolution: Refers to the process
    of transforming the country from an apartheid state to a non-racial, non-sexist,
    united democratic society in which all people enjoy equal rights.

    National List Committee: This is appointed annually
    by the NEC and which is responsible for drawing up regulations and procedures
    to be used in the selection of candidates for National Parliament. It shall
    consist of at least five members and not more than nine members.

    Nominate: To propose by name as candidate.

    Official: One who holds an office or position of
    authority in the organisation.

    Party in alliance: Includes our alliance partners:
    SACP, COSATU, and others as decided by the NEC.

    Perpetual succession and power: Rule 28 confers legal
    personality on the ANC, by which it exists in law as an entity with rights and
    duties independent from the change in its members or officials from time to
    time, and these rights vests indefinately in the organisation as a legal person.

    Provincial List and Candidates Committee: Refers
    to the Committee in each province responsible for the compilation of elections
    lists and ward candidates.

    Provisional membership: Refers to a member whose
    membership has not yet been confirmed, but who may participate in the activities
    of the organisation except election onto any committee, structure, commission
    or delegation of the ANC.

    Quorum: The minimum number of officials or members
    of a structure, committee or assembly, usually a majority, who must be present
    for the valid transaction of the business of the meeting.

    Ratify: Approve, give formal sanction to.

    Reasonable Period: The NEC may declare a time frame
    as to when an appeal may be lodged (see Rule 27.1).

    Region: This means the geographic area of the Province,
    and not the "region" as defined in Rule 22.

    Registered political party: This refers to registration
    in terms of the Electoral Act, 1993.

    Rescind: To void or repeal.

    Review [of membership application]: The reconsideration
    of an acceptance or refusal of membership.

    Rules and Regulations: In addition to the Rules contained
    in this constitution, the NEC may also adopt subordinate Rules for the better
    carrying out of the activities of the ANC.

    Second: An utterance or show of endorsement of a
    proposal or nomination.

    Shall/may [convene, etc]: `Shall` normally means
    `must` (obligatory, no discretion). `May` is permissive, and usually confers
    a discretionary power or function.

    Supervise: To direct and inspect the performance
    of work, to oversee.

    Suspend/suspension: To bar for a period from a privilege,
    office or position; to render temporarily ineffective or inoperative under certain
    conditions.

    Tied vote: A state of equality of votes; a draw

    Tribalistic exclusivism: To prevent persons from
    certain tribes to play a role in the organisation, or to admit only persons
    from certain tribal backgrounds to memberships or participation.

    Undermines: To weaken, injure or ruin insidiously
    or secretly.

    Universal Suffrage: The right of all persons to vote.

    Voting and speaking rights [at meetings]: The right
    to vote is a matter that is regulated in the Constitution of the organisation.
    The reason why non-members of a structure are afforded speaking rights (when
    they do not have voting rights) is to ensure that the non-members have spoken
    at the meeting and by virtue of their forceful character possibly unduly influenced
    the meeting or inhibited free discussion or decision.

    Zones: A (geographical) area distinguished from adjacent
    parts by some distinctive feature or character.