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51st National Conference: Resolutions

20 December 2002 Stellenbosch

Contents

Resolution On Social Transformation

  • On Attacking Poverty and Comprehensive Social Security
  • On Health for All
  • On Human Resource Development
  • On Housing, Basic Services & Human Settlements
  • On Land Reform
  • On Heritage, Sports And Recreation, Arts And Culture
  • On Indigenous Knowledge Systems

Resolutions On International Relations

  • On The International Balance Of Forces
  • On Popular Participation In The AU And NEPAD
  • On NEPAD And Partnerships
  • On Good Governance And Democracy In Africa
  • On Peace, Stability And An End To Conflicts In Africa
  • On Refugee Policy
  • On Review Of Immigration Policy
  • On Globalisation
  • On The Fight Against Terrorism
  • On Unilateralism
  • On International Non-Sexism And Gender Equality
  • Transformation Of Multilateral Institutions
  • Twinning Of Cities, Municipalities And Provinces
  • International Solidarity
  • On Palestine
  • On Western Sahara
  • Building Relations On The Continent, South-To-South Co-Operation, And North
    To South Dialogue
  • On Rightwing Resurgence And The Rise Of Fundamentalist Ideologies
  • Strengthening The Department Of Foreign Affairs
  • Building The World Progressive Movement
  • Strengthening Party-To-Party Relations
  • Strengthening The ANC International Affairs Department
  • Socialist International
  • On The World Summit On Sustainable Development

Economic Transformation

  • Policy Framework
  • Unemployment & Under-Employment
  • Black Economic Empowerment
  • Restructuring Of State-Owned Assets And Enterprises
  • Building A Co-Operative Movement
  • Labour And Human Resources Development
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Combating Inflation
  • The Global Economic
  • System
  • New Partnership For Africa's Development
  • Mining
  • Agriculture And Food Security
  • Fishing And Mariculture
  • Tourism
  • Manufacturing
  • Transport
  • Technological Innovation
  • Energy
  • The Financial Sector
  • Local Economic Development
  • Appendix to Economic Resolutions: Comments On Key Performance Indicators
    For Outcomes

Transformation Of The State And Governance

  • On an Electoral System
  • On Anti-Corruption
  • On Institutions Enhancing Democracy and Transformation
  • On Performance Management in the Public Sector, Parliament, provincial
    legislatures and local councils
  • On Participatory Democracy
  • On Institutional Capacity Building for Improving Service Delivery
  • On the role of Parastatals in transformation of the State
  • On the Role of Local Government
  • On Transforming the Public service, the creation of a Single Public Service
    and accelerating service delivery through Batho Pele
  • On the size of legislatures
  • On the relationship between the ANC Constitutional structures and institutions
    of Governance

Resolution On Infrastructure Development Resolution On Communications

  • On Organisational communication
  • On Government Communications
  • On Broadcasting
  • Internal Communication Machinery
  • Training and Capacity Building
  • External Communication
  • Government
  • Broadcasting

Resolution On Peace And Stability

  • On Defence
  • On the South African Police Services (SAPS)
  • On Correctional Services
  • On Intelligence
  • On Justice
  • On Home Affairs

Resolution On Targeted Groups

  • On Women
  • On Youth
  • On Children
  • On The Elderly
  • On People With Disabilities

Resolution On Building The ANC

  • On the Mass Character of the ANC
  • On Cadre Development
  • On Organisational Democracy and Discipline
  • On the Leagues
  • On the Veterans of the ANC
  • On the Alliance and the Broad Movement for Transformation
  • On Strengthening the Organisational Design of the ANC

2004 National Elections

Abbreviations

AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ANCWL African National Congress Women's League
ANCYL African National Congress Youth League
AU African Union
BEC Branch Executive Committee
BEE Black Economic Empowerment

BIG

Basic Income Grant
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women
COSAS Congress of South African Students
COSATU Congress of South African Trade Unions
CPF Community Policing Forum
DPSA Disabled People of South Africa
DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo
G7 Group of Seven
HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
IBA Independent Broadcasting Authority
ICASA Independent Communications Authority of South Africa
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICT Information and Communications Technologies
IDNS Integrated Disability National Policy
IDP Integrated Development Plan
IEC Independent Electoral Commission
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMC International Marketing Council
IMF International Monetary Fund
ISRDP Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Programme
MDDA Media Development and Diversity Agency
MEC Member of the Executive Council
MKMVA Mkhonto weSizwe Military Veterans Association
MP Member of Parliament
MPL Member of the Provincial Legislature
MTEF Medium Term Expenditure Framework
NDR National Democratic Revolution
NEC National Executive Committee
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa's Development
NGC National General Council
NGO Non-governmental Organisation
NSF  
NYC National Youth Council
OSDP Office on the Status Disabled People
OSW Office on the Status of Women
PAWO Pan African Women's Organisation
PCO Parliamentary Constituency Office
PEC Provincial Executive Committee
PFMA Public Finance Management Act
RDP Reconstruction and Development Programme
REC Regional Executive Committee
SABC South African Broadcasting Corporation
SADC Southern African Development Community
SADF South African Defence Force (i.e. pre-1994)
SANCO South African National Civics Organisation
SANDF South African National Defence Force (i.e. post-1994)
SAPS South African Police Service
SASCO South African Students Congress
SAYC South African Youth Council
SETA Sectoral Education and Training Authority
SGB School Governing Body
SMME Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises
SOE State Owned Enterprise
TB Tuberculosis
UN United Nations
URP Urban Renewal Project
WB World Bank
WCAR World Conference Against Racism, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
WTO World Trade Organisation



SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION

Noting:

  1. That the ANC in government has sought, and continues to seek, to confront
    the challenges of poverty and underdevelopment, and to ensure a better life
    for all through a comprehensive people-centred and people-driven programme
    of social transformation.

  2. That the ANC has the appropriate policies to achieve the above, whose relevance
    to the task of social transformation remains, but confronts the major challenge
    of scaling up effective implementation.

  3. That the 50th National Conference at Mafikeng directed that redressing
    poverty and inequalities must be a central focus of the ANC to ensure that
    government and other sectors of society meet the basic needs of the under-privileged
    of our country, and supported the development of a comprehensive social
    security system, including contributory and non-contributory social security
    measures.

  4. That, in pursuance of this resolution, the government appointed a commission
    led by Taylor to investigate the possibilities of developing a comprehensive
    social security policy, drawing from existing social services and grants,
    and to propose ways in which all existing means to provide a social wage
    are strengthened.

  5. That the Taylor report provides a basis for the development of such a social
    security policy, and affirms the need to strengthen the implementation and
    to expand the reach of existing policies, while finding new ways to close
    existing gaps, which leave certain people still vulnerable.

  6. That part of dealing with poverty is the need to ensure food security,
    including dealing with the impact of food crises on the poor. A critical
    intervention, which needs to be maintained because of its positive impact
    on the culture of learning and teaching, is the School Nutrition Programme.
    In this regard, advances and improvements over time have been made, but
    serious challenges remain, including the exploitation of the programme by
    unscrupulous operators.

  7. The untargeted distribution of the National Lottery Funds, and the fragmentation
    of the public sector pension system

  8. That since Mafikeng, significant progress in the delivery of Health Care
    has been achieved. However the high levels of poverty afflicting some of
    our communities continues to expose them to a variety of social and infectious
    illnesses, as characterised by the growing burden of disease related to
    TB, HIV and AIDS, the recent outbreaks of cholera in some provinces, alcohol
    and substance abuse, high levels of intentional and unintentional injuries
    and chronic and non-communicable diseases.

  9. That the government has pursued the programme of transformation of our
    Education and Training system as a major part of dealing with the capacity
    of our people to participate meaningfully in the betterment of their own
    lives, and that this has seen an increase in access to education and training.

  10. That the programme to restructure the Further Education and Training sector
    continues, and proposals for the restructuring of higher education have
    been released for public comment.

  11. That skills development has begun to take centre stage, even for employers,
    through the introduction of the skills levy, the Sector Education and Training
    Authorities (SETA's) and the learnership programmes.

  12. That the delivery of houses has continued, but issues of the quality of
    houses, the sale of RDP houses by the beneficiaries, the appropriateness
    of RDP houses in rural settings, the provision of other community services
    simultaneously with houses, the provision of houses for farm-workers and
    agricultural communities, the link between our housing policy and the integration
    of our settlements, as well as the role of developers and municipalities
    in housing delivery have been raised at different platforms by our people,
    and therefore need to be attended to.

  13. That progress in housing delivery is undermined by rapid urbanization and
    the proliferation of informal settlements.

  14. That land reform is being accelerated, but the challenge remains the provision
    of land for human settlements in a manner that will assist to reverse Apartheid
    human settlement patterns, and address land tenure issues in communal areas.

  15. The need for an ANC-led mass based, campaign of rural development which
    builds partnerships between government, rural communities and farmers, and
    which could encompass all aspects of development including land reform rural
    development projects, rural literacy campaigns etc.

  16. That despite the introduction of measures such as the Extension of Security
    of Tenure Act (ESTA), farm evictions continue, the human rights of farm-workers
    continue to be infringed and farm workers are deprived access to many basic
    services, including the right to free political activity.

  17. That South Africa is far in advance of the targets on water and sanitation
    adopted by the recent World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), and
    that South African targets reflect the need to provide clean water to all
    by 2008, and eliminate sanitation problems completely by 2010.

  18. That the transformation of sport and recreation is part and parcel of the
    overall transformation of South African society, including nation building,
    and that sports remain an important vehicle through which to ensure a better
    life for all.

  19. The limitations placed on women, rural communities, youth and people with
    disabilities with regard to participating in sport and recreation, and the
    backlog in the development of sports facilities in disadvantaged communities
    and for people with disabilities and women.

  20. The centrality of school/youth sport in the sports arena.

  21. The centrality of Arts and Culture in nation building;

  22. The rich history of the African National Congress as an organization,
    as an important part of the broader heritage of our country.

  23. The poor roads and transport services in many parts of our country, especially
    in rural areas.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The ANC is the leading force for social transformation and its cadres carry
    an obligation to spearhead and lead transformation wherever they are deployed,
    guided by the slogans, vision and objectives of the ANC.

  2. The social transformation agenda of the ANC, as espoused in the Reconstruction
    and Development Programme (RDP), is based on the fundamental objective of
    building a more equal, humane, people-centred and people-driven and caring
    society.

  3. Our attack on poverty must seek to empower people to take themselves out
    of poverty, while creating adequate social nets to protect the most vulnerable
    in our society.

  4. A combination of policies around a social wage, social grants, as well
    as programmes aimed at engaging people in the reconstruction of our communities
    can make a meaningful contribution towards the eradication of poverty.

  5. The poor should have access to quality education that will ensure that
    they are able to move out of the shackles of poverty, and that the funding
    model for schools should ensure that schools serving the poor are adequately
    provided for in terms of infrastructure and basic educational resources.

  6. Targeting specific scarce skills and accelerating their production will
    not only build the capacity of the country in those skills needed by the
    economy, but will also assist us in achieving equity and representivity
    in certain professions, and increase the black intelligentsia.

  7. Integrating land and housing delivery can go a long way in assisting to
    deracialise our human settlements.

  8. Water and sanitation delivery remains critical to improving the health
    profile of our nation.

  9. We must continue to strengthen efforts to provide affordable health care
    for all, addressing several areas within the system, including the major
    causes of mortality, communicable and non-communicable diseases, quality
    of care, human resource development and public health issues.

  10. HIV and AIDS confront South Africa with an urgent and present challenge
    to our social institutions, our human resources and the reconstruction and
    development of our society.

  11. We need special efforts to protect the rights of farm workers, who are
    amongst the vulnerable groups in our society, and to provide them with opportunities
    for a better life.

  12. The ANC has to lead in the building of a new South African identity, using
    sports, culture, heritage, and all other appropriate mechanisms.

  13. There is a need to promote mobility of our people with safety and to provide
    access to services, schools, work places and amenities, especially in rural
    areas.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

On Attacking Poverty and Comprehensive Social Security

  1. To call on the government to continue with plans towards a comprehensive
    social security system, through the consolidation and ongoing review of
    all existing social security measures such as the UIF and all social grants,
    the introduction of a national health insurance and through strengthening
    and progressively expanding the social wage, including removing all obstacles
    to the delivery of free basic services to all in the shortest possible time,
    particularly in municipalities that serve the rural poor.

  2. That government should expand the reach of existing programmes such as
    the child support grant and the school nutrition programme to more children
    by raising the age of eligibility to the child grant and expanding the school
    nutrition programme to children beyond grade R and in public secondary schools
    where possible. Schools and School Governing Bodies (SGB's) should encourage
    the establishment of food gardens

  3. To continue the campaign to ensure that all children eligible for grants
    do access them, and to remove obstacles such as non-registration and lack
    of proper documentation.

  4. To continue to engage progressive forces campaigning for the introduction
    of the Basic Income Grant (BIG) on our approach of focusing on a comprehensive
    social security system consistent with a people-driven and people-centred
    developmental approach to poverty eradication.

  5. To explore possibilities of equalizing the pension age for pension benefits,
    linking it to the retirement age.

  6. That the National Executive Committee should look at the issue of former
    members of MK who did not qualify for special pensions due to age.

  7. To deal with the effects of unemployment through a comprehensive public
    works programme linked to urban renewal and the integrated rural development
    strategy and to move faster towards the implementation of a National Youth
    Service Programme at all levels.

  8. To expedite the separation of social security from social development
    and to build state capacity to deal with its responsibility for social development.

  9. To ensure adequate funding to meet the social security, poverty alleviation
    and social development challenges in the country.

  10. To implement the integrated food security strategy (as adopted by Cabinet
    in July 2002) and to further develop a sustainable food policy strategy
    that ensures food security at all times (especially during the times of
    vulnerability as a consequence of natural disaster, price hikes, etc) and
    which directly impacts on food prices for the poor, with a specific focus
    on women, the elderly, people with disabilities and children.

  11. To investigate the possibility of introducing an integrated public sector
    pension system.

  12. To prioritise the equitable distribution of the National Lottery Funds
    to identified vulnerable groupings (e.g. women, children, youth, the aged,
    and so forth) and continually monitor the impact of gambling and the lottery
    on the poor.

  13. To urge government to work closely with civil society to combat and eliminate
    corruption and abuse of the social security system in all its manifestations.
    On Health for All

  14. That, in respect of national health insurance:
  1. Government must speed up the implementation of the recommendations of
    the commission of inquiry into a comprehensive social security system in
    the spirit of the Mafikeng conference resolution on the National Health
    Insurance (NHI).
  2. Such a scheme should enhance the equitable access by the general public
    to health care and reduce the inequities between the private and public
    health providers.
  3. Specific emphasis should be placed on strengthening the capacity of the
    public health system to generate revenue from those who can afford to pay
    and ensure that such revenue is used to improve the public health system.
  4. We must ensure that state medical aid support for its employees is designed
    so as to strengthen the public system; and
  5. Ensure that persons in the custody of state through the criminal justice
    system are cared for in the public health institutions.
  1. That with regards to health care we should act to:
  1. Strengthen primary health care, especially in rural areas, by among others
    eradicating the backlog of health services and improving the availability
    of doctors and nurses, especially in clinics.
  2. Improve the management and governance of hospitals and clinics with community
    participation.
  3. Decisively attack communicable and preventable illness through amongst
    others, immunization programme, strengthened measures to combat cholera
    and tuberculosis and ensuring the early treatment of chronic and non-communicable
    diseases.
  4. Accelerate appropriate decentralization of certain health services to
    local government with appropriate resources.
  5. Put in place strategies to ensure access to health care on a 24-hour
    basis.
  6. Ensure that norms and standards including staffing and service delivery
    that are applicable across the country are implemented over the next five
    years.
  7. Accelerate the integration of the traditional healing system and the
    military health services to the public health system.
  8. Accelerate strategies for the training and retention of health professionals.
  9. Strengthen programmes for child nutrition, food security and the improvement
    of nourishment.
  10. Accelerate strategies to reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.
  11. Accelerate campaigns against drug, tobacco and alcohol abuse.
  12. Strengthen the implementation of the Patient's Charter and Service pledge
    and the establishment of patients' complaint procedures and help desks at
    all health care institutions.
  13. Strengthen the distribution of drugs so that they reach all our people.
  14. Ensure access to affordable medicines including speeding up the implementation
    of Act 90 of 97 on the implementation of generic substitution and parallel
    importation.
  15. Facilitate the issue of compulsory licensing where appropriate.
  16. Ensure appropriate funding and equitable access to specialized and highly
    specialized services for all citizens.
  1. On HIV and AIDS:
  1. To strengthen and accelerate the implementation of the national AIDS
    strategy, as amplified in the cabinet statement of 17 April 2002.
  2. The ANC to be at the forefront of community mobilisation and leadership
    around HIV and AIDS especially around awareness, prevention, voluntary testing
    and counselling, treatment and care. This should include clinical protocol
    guidelines, training programmes and support for health workers, infrastructure
    for the monitoring and follow up of patients, the treatment of opportunistic
    infections and the use of anti-retroviral drugs where appropriate.
  3. To accelerate research and testing on vaccines, as well as immunity boosters.
  4. To strengthen the functioning of national, provincial, district and local
    AIDS councils with appropriate accountability mechanisms
  5. Investigate making HIV and AIDS a notifiable disease, taking account
    of the issues of patient confidentiality and stigmatisation.
  6. To continue to fight the continued discrimination by insurance companies
    of dependants of people who have died of AIDS related diseases.
  7. Mitigating the impact of Aids by rooting out discrimination and stigma
    against infected and affected people and building psycho-social support,
    providing essential medical care, providing support to families caring for
    people living with AIDS and orphans and developing effective workplace programmes.
  8. Developing community capacity to respond to the pandemic including home
    based care, by strengthening broad anti-poverty and community development
    programme. On Human Resource Development
  1. To support the government's plan to review the funding model for schools
    to ensure that schools serving the poor are adequately provided with basic
    educational resources, including analysing factors leading to the growing
    cost of education, especially for the poor, and to call for such a review
    to be accelerated.

  2. Accelerate the programme to address scarce skills, using the good will
    of countries with bilateral agreements with South Africa to train our people
    in the much-needed skills in the economy, and to focus on building a black
    intelligentsia in particular, and progressive intelligentsia in general.

  3. That government should introduce a system of incentives to attract and
    retain skilled professionals in the underserved areas, particularly rural
    areas.

  4. That government should explore the possibility of introducing community
    service in other professions (in addition to the current health profession)
    prioritising those sectors critical to the social transformation agenda.

  5. That we should ensure the development of a Human Resource Development
    (HRD) strategy within the ANC aimed at deliberately developing ANC cadres
    to occupy strategic positions in the economy in line with our deployment
    strategy.

  6. Continue steps towards the integration of education and training.

  7. To expand the provision of Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET) and
    Early Childhood Development (ECD), and to review the content of ABET, with
    a view to ensure more relevant curriculum for ABET. The ANC and the government
    should ensure that the money collected through the skills levies is used
    effectively for skills development

  8. To support the Ministry of Education's plans to review the operation of
    School Governing Bodies, especially the relationship between these structures
    and management structures in schools, districts and provinces and ensure
    that they are democratic and representative.

  9. To mobilize our structures, and communities behind the proposed restructuring
    programme and the transformation of all higher education institutions.

  10. To urge government to examine ways to curb the loss of professionals,
    especially those that serve the rural poor to the developed world, including
    improving incentives to make them stay.

  11. To accelerate the HRD programme in the public service, building capacity
    in municipalities, civil society, and in the key areas of service delivery
    affecting the social transformation programme. This should include strengthening
    and expanding learnership (internship) programmes at all spheres and across
    all departments of government and the extension of community service for
    all higher education students.

  12. To support the government's focus on the development of Information Communications
    and Technology (ICT) skills in and through education, and to urge the government
    to ensure that ICT rollout touches all public schools in the country with
    visible speed, including continuing work on the ICT institute. On Housing,
    Basic Services & Human Settlements

  13. To urge the government to make a deliberate effort to accelerate the social
    transformation programme through visible and purposeful funding mechanisms
    aimed at meeting the basic needs of all people with a sense of urgency.

  14. To accelerate the water and sanitation programme to ensure that all are
    sustainably served with clean water by 2008, and that sanitation problems
    are eliminated by 2010, and sooner where possible with regard to both programmes.

  15. To urge government to implement our national water resource strategy,
    so that the collection of rainwater (i.e. rain water harvesting) for domestic
    purposes is promoted, including the development of household vegetable gardening
    for food security.

  16. To expand the provision of housing to include social housing, people's
    housing processes, rental housing, as well as appropriate housing for rural
    people, including the development of agricultural villages and ensuring
    proper living conditions for farm workers.

  17. To find mechanism to curb the resale of RDP houses and redistributed land
    by beneficiaries, and to route out corruption to ensure that the people
    who are provided with housing are those who are really in need.

  18. To ensure that the matter of the attachment of RDP houses by municipalities
    as part of their credit control measures will be investigated.

  19. To ensure acquisition of state land to make deliberate interventions to
    reverse Apartheid settlement patterns, and to develop non-racial human settlements.

  20. To urge government to develop a programme on the upgrading of existing
    informal settlement, ensure that they are located on land suitable and appropriate
    for human settlement and to curb the proliferation of new informal settlements.

  21. Promote local road development and maintenance, especially rural roads
    and transport facilities, and to promote road safety programmes.

  22. To capacitate relevant local authorities to speed up the delivery of houses.
    On Land Reform

  23. To endorse the processes undertaken by government thus far, including
    the enactment of legislation on communal land, and to call for land reform
    to be accelerated.

  24. To examine carefully land ownership and usage patterns in the country,
    especially the sale of land to foreigners, which leads to pricing beyond
    the reach of South Africans.

  25. To urge government to conduct an audit of state-owned land to ensure it
    is used optimally and in line with our goals and our objectives.

  26. To ensure integration between our housing, agricultural, and land reform
    programmes.

  27. To harmonise policy between all spheres of government on land ownership
    and disposal.

  28. To work with other formations, mobilise our people in the rural areas
    and lead a popular campaign for rural development.

  29. To mobilise to strengthen safety, security and access to justice for farm-workers,
    engage with farmers on the provision of basic services and ensure that land
    reform programmes also give farm workers access to the land. On Heritage,
    Sports And Recreation, Arts And Culture

  30. That the ANC must give the lead in sport and recreation transformation
    through an ANC Sports Desk and sports structures of the alliance at all
    levels, the use of sports by the ANC and its allies to promote community
    development, and the adoption of a National Transformation Charter on sports.

  31. To urge government to play a central and, where necessary, interventionist
    role in the transformation of sports and recreation, and to develop programmes
    and initiatives aimed at increasing the levels of youth participation in
    sport as part of moral regeneration, meeting other developmental needs,
    and integrating all societies and meeting other developmental needs of our
    society.

  32. To ensure that the proposals to place sports development and sports education
    within schools under the Education Department, and school competitive sport
    within the Sports Department, and cooperation between the two departments
    on school sports.

  33. To ensure the development of sports infrastructure, especially in disadvantaged
    areas.

  34. To promote participation of people with disabilities in sports as a mechanism
    for social integration, and to ensure that reference to sports teams, such
    as the use of the supposed pet name " Amkrokokroko", do not perpetuate stereotypes
    about people with disabilities.

  35. To urge government to fully integrate disability at all levels of policy
    planning and implementation in sports.

  36. To promote indigenous sports as part of nation building and the African
    Renaissance.

  37. That the Arts and Culture component within the ANC's Social Transformation
    Committee must lead in the transformation of Arts and Culture, and the promotion
    of a South African identity, drawing on the rich heritage of our country.

  38. To reinforce the role of families in moral regeneration through support
    measures necessary for family revival.

  39. That the ANC must lead in the promotion of our national symbols, as a
    mechanism for building a new South African identity, particularly by adopting
    the national anthem of the country as an official version for ANC gatherings.

  40. That the ANC must protect its own cultural heritage, including its history
    as part of a major contribution to the South African national identity and
    ensures ways to keep that history alive and passed from generation to generation.

  41. That the government must expedite the programme to develop heritage sites,
    and the ANC must lead in the promotion of heritage and historical memory
    at local level through all forms of remembrance.

  42. That the government should accelerate the programme to develop and promote
    all the languages of our country, particularly previously disadvantaged
    languages. The ANC must also move with speed in developing and implementing
    a language policy for Parliament. On Indigenous Knowledge Systems

  43. That the Indigenous Knowledge Systems of our country and the African continent
    (which include social issues and institutions, technology, biodiversity,
    biotechnology and the liberation process) must be promoted and protected
    as part of our transformation process, and as an integral part of NEPAD.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

ON THE INTERNATIONAL BALANCE OF FORCES

CONFERENCE NOTED THAT:

  1. The ANC's Strategy and Tactics document adopted at our 50th National Conference
    in 1997 remains valid and relevant to the current international situation.
    Our international policy conforms with the principles of our national policies
    based on good governance, peace and stability, human rights and creating
    a better life for all, by creating a better world.

  2. The ANC-led government has taken its rightful place in international relations,
    playing a leading role within the UN and other international organizations.
    Our delegations are central in all major developments. Together with other
    leading players our delegation was in the vanguard at many international conferences,
    including World conference against Racism, the WTO Ministerial in Doha, the
    UN Conference on Financing for Development in Monterey and the World Summit
    for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg.

  3. The world remains divided between the rich developed nations and the poor
    developing nations, and that this gap is widening, as is the gap between
    rich and poor within all societies. The South African reality, of a divided
    society, one section being rich and well resourced and the other poor and
    under-resourced, reflects this international dichotomy.

  4. Globalisation has become an established trend, with both negative and positive
    features. Rather than adopting an attitude of blanket opposition towards
    it, globalisation should be understood dialectically, with destructive as
    well as constructive features that can create new opportunities, which developing
    countries should seize.

  5. The international balance of forces has been radically transformed by
    the posture adopted by the Republican administration of the USA which has
    embraced unilateralism and big power politics as its principal thrust. It
    is employing official development assistance to reinforce a USA centred
    Alliance system, and as an instrument to pressurize countries into conformity
    and to punish governments it disapproves of.

  6. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 also serve as a pretext and
    stimulant for US unilateralism. Overt interventionism has become an explicit
    feature of the US foreign policy, with the openly stated purpose of forcefully
    changing governments. Since international terrorism is a global threat,
    this new direction of the US policy has encountered very little resistance
    from its allies and other nations. In pursuance of this policy direction,
    the Republican administration supplements unilateralism with the creation
    of "coalitions of the willing" which it then employs for its foreign policy
    objectives. Pre-emptive military strikes and gunboat diplomacy has once
    again become a key feature of some countries in the west and there has been
    an upsurge of Islamophobia.

  7. There has also been a rightward shift in the electoral politics of Western
    Europe leading to heightening xenophobia, racism and a "fortress Europe"
    mentality. In opposition to this the developing countries have attempted
    to create solidarity among themselves, to build their collective capacity
    to handle conflict within and amongst developing countries, and to create
    mechanisms for conflict resolution.

  8. Though there has been a marked improvement in the Human Rights situation
    internationally, the accession of the Republican Administration in the USA,
    is leading to the erosion of gains on the multilateral plain, threatening
    the effectiveness on UN multilateral system.

  9. In the developed countries we have witnessed the retreat or virtual disintegration
    of progressive forces. The marginalisation of the poorest and most vulnerable
    members of society in both the North and the South has made rightwing fundamentalism
    an attractive ideology. Because of these trends, we have also witnessed
    a clawing back of many human rights, including the rights and the gains
    women have made during the latter part of the 20th century. The Beijing
    Programme of Action and related international instruments are being reversed
    as a result of the growing strength of rightwing religious and secular movements.
    However, anti - war sentiment and the desire for peace still animates many
    sections of society in the countries of the North. Networks built on the
    principle of human solidarity, democratic government and peace have also
    gathered limited momentum.

  10. There are a number of international flash points, including the Middle East,
    South Asia and a number of African countries. Among these the Middle East
    (Israeli/Palestine, US/Iraq) is probably the most volatile. International
    conflicts are fuelled by the proliferation of trade in small arms, and that,
    in the post Cold War environment, humanity is still faced with the threat
    of weapons of mass destruction.

ON POPULAR PARTICIPATION IN THE AU AND NEPAD

Noting That:

  1. The 50th National Conference of the ANC in Mafikeng contributed to the
    development of NEPAD, as a programme of the AU aimed at bringing about peace,
    stability and security, eradication of poverty, development, human resources,
    economic revival of Africa, democracy, good governance, human rights,

  2. The launching of the AU and the adoption of NEPAD is a significant development
    in the advancement of Africa's cause and has created the possibility of
    fundamental change in Africa's political and economic landscape.

  3. We need an effective outreach programme to popularise AU and its programme,
    NEPAD.

  4. The continuing challenge of building a new world order and the challenges
    faced by Africa in particular.

  5. The formation of AU and the final drafting of NEPAD were mainly led by
    the Heads of States and government departments.

  6. The weak or non-existence of organs of civil society in most African countries
    as a result of civil strife and wars in these countries.

  7. The limited participation of women in decision-making in most African
    countries and in regional and continental structures.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The involvement of the masses, of women, youth and organs of civil society
    is critical for the sustainability and successful implementation of NEPAD
    and the operation of AU.

  2. The participation of the masses in this programme is in line with our
    long held principle that the people are their own liberators.

  3. The recent adoption of NEPAD by the United Nations General Assembly in
    a special resolution for the first time places Africa's development high
    on the global agenda.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC must design a programme to interact with branches of the ANC and
    civil society in general to capacitate and educate them around the AU and
    its programme NEPAD. This programme should also involve National Caucus
    and MPs. The ultimate objective of this programme must be to build strong
    ANC that is able to mobilise communities and civil society at large through,
    amongst other measures, the creation of forums that will deepen understanding
    of NEPAD.

  2. We should look into various organisational and government strategies and
    mechanisms to involve the broader South African society on the implementation
    of NEPAD and the AU as the organisational expression of the African Renaissance
    vision,

  3. Through party-to-party relations the ANC must engage forces that appear
    to oppose principles embodied by AU and NEPAD with a view to win their support.

  4. We must develop further the theoretical framework and content for better
    articulation of our vision of an African Renaissance.

  5. The ANC should interact more closely with organs of civil society, women',
    youth, workers and movements in particular, in other parts of the African
    continent to build a strong civil society that is able to play a leading
    role in the implementation of NEPAD. We should share our experience of the
    organisation of our revolutionary Alliance, whilst taking into consideration
    the peculiar conditions of these countries.

  6. The ANC should continue to give its fullest support, promote and defend
    unreservedly NEPAD and the African Union (AU).

  7. That the ANC should work to consolidate the participation and support
    of the Tripartite Alliance behind NEPAD.

  8. We need an effective outreach programme to popularise the NEPAD and the
    AU.

ON NEPAD AND PARTNERSHIPS

Noting:

The emphasis on partnerships as a critical instrument to attract resources of the developed world and the private sector,

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Whilst NEPAD is an initiative and a product of Africans, the involvement
    of other countries of the South, as well as the developed world and the
    private sector is crucial in order to assist in the provision of both financial
    and technical resources for the success of NEPAD.

  2. Such partnerships will be on the terms and conditions determined by Africans
    themselves.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That we should tap into resources of African countries and build partnerships
    amongst the countries of the continent and the South and simultaneously
    mobilise the developed world to participate in the NEPAD programmes.

  2. To mobilise African development agencies to perform specific tasks that
    may need outsourcing in the implementation of NEPAD

  3. To strive for greater self-reliance and genuine partnerships, which reduce
    the dependence on donor criteria for funding.

  4. To be vigilant against the possible abuse of the principle of partnership
    by the developed world to impose its criteria so that we preserve African
    ownership of the programme.

ON GOOD GOVERNANCE AND DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA


Noting That:

  1. One of the requirements for the success of AU and NEPAD is for African
    governments to practice and uphold the principles of democracy, good governance
    and accountability.

  2. Our National Assembly has offered to host the Pan African Parliament in
    South Africa.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The principles of democracy and good governance are at the heart of the
    success of AU and NEPAD.

  2. After independence, many African countries were characterised by dictatorship,
    corruption and military rule.

  3. Any social programme that does not seek to promote democracy and good
    governance will not be sustainable in the long term

  4. Arriving at a common understanding of what constitutes good governance
    by all African countries and decision-makers will facilitate the speedy
    implementation of NEPAD.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC and government should initiate dialogue, guided by the principles
    enshrined in NEPAD and the Constitutive Act of the AU, with various countries,
    institutions and decision-makers in Africa in order to develop common definitions
    of what constitutes good governance and democracy.

  2. We must ensure the strengthening of the Peer Review Mechanism.

ON PEACE, STABILITY AND AN END TO CONFLICTS IN AFRICA

Noting That:

  1. The struggle for peace and stability in Africa constitutes one of the
    major challenges facing the AU

  2. Progress has been made in the resolution of conflicts in Angola, DRC,
    Sierra Leone, Comoros Island, Burundi and Sudan through the involvement
    of African multilateral institutions.

  3. As a result, a number of countries are engaged in peace processes and
    some are in the process of reconstruction and development, following longstanding
    conflicts.

  4. There are still a number of countries engulfed in civil strife and conflicts
    and that these are detrimental to meeting the objectives of the African
    renaissance.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

Poverty and the legacy of colonialism, neo-colonialism and imperialism are the root causes of many of the conflicts in the continent.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That we should continue to involve ourselves as a country, within the
    multilateral institutions of the region and continent, in the peaceful and
    speedy resolutions of conflicts on the African continent.

  2. To continue to lend support to countries seeking to build and strengthen
    national dialogue around the ongoing process of reconciliation, reconstruction
    and nation building.

  3. To continue to contribute to peace-keeping operations in the continent.

  4. To work to build and strengthen institutions of the AU and NEPAD aimed
    at peaceful resolutions of conflicts, such as the Peer Review Mechanism.

ON REFUGEE POLICY


Noting That:

  1. South Africa is receiving an increasing number of refugees, especially
    from Africa.

  2. There is no clear policy on refugees and the current legislation is inadequate
    to deal with refugee matters.

  3. Some of the refugees are not from war-torn countries, but are persons fleeing
    repression, torture, arrest and detention without trials within their countries.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Our policy on refugees should be in line with international standards.

  2. Refugees must be protected and their human rights observed in accordance
    with the policy of the UN High Commission for Refugees.

  3. Humane treatment of refugees is an integral part of promoting the vision
    of African renaissance.

  4. There is a need for the ANC and government to tighten its refugee policies
    such that, whilst it does not promote xenophobia, it does curb against abuse
    of our hospitality and moral blackmail.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. Our structures at all levels should be engaged and educated about the
    fight against xenophobia

  2. South Africa should ensure that the resolutions adopted at UN World Conference
    Against Racism (WCAR) are implemented.

  3. The government should engage the UN in resolving the problem of refugees,
    recognizing that some problems will be resolved by the peace efforts we
    are pursuing in Africa,

  4. That we need to come up with a clear and a well-defined policy on refugees,
    including legislation that sets out a comprehensive refugee policy, which
    takes into account the following:

    • Qualification criteria
    • Application and renewable regulations
    • Adequate infrastructure to meet the needs of refugees
    • Rights and limitations of refugees
    • Enforcement measures.
  5. To review the issue of the so-called economic refugees in South Africa
    in the light of the depressed economic situation in some countries in Africa.

ON REVIEW OF IMMIGRATION POLICY CONFERENCE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC and government revisit and deal with necessary amendments of the
    Immigration Act, which must include measures to deal firmly with illegal
    immigration.

  2. We remain committed to accelerate the economic growth of countries in Africa,
    within the framework of NEPAD as the economic prosperity of these countries
    will contribute to the reduction of the number of so-called economic refugees.

On Globalisation Noting That

  1. The world in which we live is still characterized by the dominance of
    the capitalist mode of production.

  2. We continually have to respond to rapidly changing external environment.

  3. The nature of global governance is a complex phenomenon, which can be influenced
    by us in a positive manner.

  4. The political and economic landscape of global governance is undemocratic
    both in form and content

  5. Interaction between and amongst states is unavoidable, and that it takes
    place within a wider context of globalisation,

  6. South Africa's liberation is an expression of a changing world and at
    the same time meant the liberation of the last colonized people on the African
    continent.

  7. Developments in international relations have not yet resolved the fundamental
    challenges facing human kind, such as poverty.

  8. Developed countries continue to benefit from the global capitalist mode
    of production which in essence is determined by the multinational corporations,

  9. The gap in income and resources between rich and the poor is increasing,
    both within and between countries. These disparities between the rich and
    the poor present risk to global peace and stability.

  10. The digital divide between the developing countries and the developed world
    continues to widen.

  11. Globalisation has provided both opportunities and constraints, despite
    the fact that major beneficiaries have been the rich nations, and has also
    witnessed the deepening of the social disparities between and within countries.

  12. The coalition against terrorism as a result of the terrorist attacks of
    11 September 2001 has been used to justify unilateral actions by some states
    and the absence of an acceptable definition of terrorism further exacerbates
    the situation.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The success of an alternative global agenda requires a the existence of
    a progressive global movement, involving the empowerment of the people of
    Africa and other developing countries so that they are able to determine
    their own destiny.

  2. International peace and security is a goal towards which all nations should
    strive so that:
    • Justice and international law regulates the behaviour and relations
      between states,
    • A just and equitable world order is created,
    • Process of globalisation is utilized to eradicate poverty.
  3. Globalization should be understood as comprising both negative and positive
    features,

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To re-affirm the correctness of the 1997 ANC's conference resolution that
    the liberation of SA is both a local expression of a changing world and
    part of the catalyst to renewed efforts aimed at attaining international
    consensus on the most urgent questions facing humanity.

  2. To develop a comprehensive strategy for South-to-South cooperation and
    in particular to encourage South-South cooperation through the creation
    of the G7 of the South. Identify countries in the South with sufficient
    strength to lead and initiate development and cooperation among countries
    in the South.

  3. To lobby for the designation of an institutional mechanism for monitoring
    the WSSD outcomes within the UN framework.

  4. To call for the democratisation of the international institutions (i.e.,
    World Bank, IMF, UN Security Council) to serve the interests of the developing
    countries and ensure that the UN itself becomes a credible institutions
    within which to address all world political problems, in particular.

  5. Conduct an audit and analysis of the character and programme of the emerging
    global social movement so that the ANC can play a pivotal role in the strengthening
    of the progressive global social movement.

  6. To ensure that ANC branches increase their understanding of the process
    of globalisation and how this impacts on the programme of NDR. ON THE FIGHT
    AGAINST TERRORISM

Noting That:


The stance of aggressive unilateralism adopted by some Western countries in
fighting the threat of terrorism.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. We oppose all forms of terrorism, including State terrorism, and recognise
    that the solution to deal with it lies with multilateral bodies and should
    be conducted under the aegis of the UN.

  2. In fighting terrorism should also deal with all its root causes.

  3. Increased international insecurity and tensions pose a grave danger of
    global conflagration in which poor, as always, will be the main losers.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. We need an International definition of terrorism, which includes state terrorism
    and those countries that orchestrate, finance and promote terrorism and
    terrorist groups that destabilise other countries.

  2. We must campaign for multi-lateral and a comprehensive programme to combat
    terrorism that also address the root causes of terrorism.

  3. The ANC condemns all forms of terrorism.

ON UNILATERALISM


Noting:

  1. The entrenchment of a unipolar world has emboldened the US administration
    to adopt unilateralism as a key feature of its foreign policy.

  2. This is a dangerous trend that is set to reverse gains made on a number
    of issues on the multilateral level.

  3. This unilateralism is used by the incumbent US administration to impose
    its will on the international community.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:


To oppose the doctrine of 'regime change' and urge the US administration to
stop this dangerous approach and return to work within the UN and other multilateral
forums.


ON INTERNATIONAL NON-SEXISM AND GENDER EQUALITY


NOTING:

  1. That women on the African continent and the world over still are confronted
    with discrimination and oppression.

  2. The rise of the rightwing ideologies and religious fundamentalism threatens
    to reverse the gains that women have achieved.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The right to gender equality is a fundamental human right.

  2. All states and governments should adhere to international human rights
    conventions and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

  3. The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women supersedes
    all secular and clerical laws.

THEREFORE RESOLVE:

  1. That the ANC condemns all violations of human rights, including the imposition
    of cruel and inhumane punishments under the guise of religious or traditional
    laws or practices.

  2. To urge all states to take active measures to promote women's human rights,
    in accordance with the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination
    Against Women (CEDAW).

  3. To call for the eradication of all cultural and religious practices injurious
    to women's well being and contrary to international human rights norms.

  4. Urge the African Union and other regional bodies to develop effective
    programmes for the advancement of women on the continent.

TRANSFORMATION OF MULTILATERAL INSTITUTIONS


Noting That

  1. Most multilateral institutions do not serve the interests of the poor.

  2. The UN is often obstructed and limited in its capacity to resolve international
    conflicts because of the lack of political will on the part of its members,
    in particular the permanent members of the Security Council.

AND BELIEVING THAT

  1. The Breton Woods institutions perpetuate dominance of the world economy
    by the rich countries.

  2. The UN Security Council's composition and veto system benefit the interests
    of permanent member states.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. We campaign to have the mandate of the World Bank, IMF be redefined to
    focus on fighting poverty and assist in building the economies of developing
    countries

  2. We campaign to make World Bank, IMF and WTO more accountable, transparent
    and responsible.

  3. We take initiatives to reform, restructure and democratise the United
    Nations.

TWINNING OF CITIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND PROVINCES


Noting:

  1. That the ANC as a ruling party should have a clear policy on twinning
    agreements.

  2. That the new municipal landscape of South Africa creates an environment
    conducive for the transformation and fortification of local government.

  3. The need to expose the provincial government and its municipalities to
    the international environment, where they can twin with their counterparts.

  4. That there is process put in place by government on an International Co-operation
    Framework Policy to guide provincial stakeholders as they engage internationally.

  5. The importance of twinning in developmental areas such as capacity building,
    service delivery and infrastructure development

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. We develop a clear policy on twinning agreements and address the coordination
    of visits and signing of twinning agreements;

  2. Government finalise the International Co-operation Framework Policy to
    guide proper coordination and monitoring between all spheres of government
    needs to be established and serviced.

  3. The twinning agreements should include cities of Africa and the South.

International Solidarity Noting That

  1. There are a number of crises, some of an intra-national nature and others
    imposed on countries by external forces.

  2. The right of Palestinians to self-determination, recognized in numerous
    Resolutions of the United Nations, is constantly subverted including by
    the wanton genocidal activities of the Israeli government.

  3. The decades-long economic blockade against Cuba continues even today.

  4. The struggle for the democratisation of Swaziland is legitimate and in
    accordance with the principles of AU on the promotion of democratic institutions,
    popular participation and good governance,

  5. The impertinence of the USA to unleash war against the people of Iraq and
    to remove its President and government is in fundamental breach of International
    Law and the UN Charter.

  6. Progress is being made to resolve the civil strife ensuing in Sri Lanka.

  7. The struggles of oppressed peoples in the South continue

  8. Right-wing governments are on the rise internationally.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Conflicts should be resolved through multilateralism, rather than by unilateral
    action.

  2. The people of Palestine, like the Israelis, have the right to self-determination
    and a national territory within secure and defined borders

  3. The US economic blockade against Cuba violates the right to peaceful development
    of the people of Cuba and that Cuba has the right to defend itself.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC continues to support the struggle of the Palestinian people for
    self -determination and the creation of a Palestinian state,

  2. The ANC reaffirms its solidarity with Cuba and continues to campaign for
    the lifting of the US embargo, and the release of five Cuban nationals convicted
    of espionage.

  3. The ANC shall endeavour to promote dialogue amongst all the stakeholders
    in Swaziland to promote the process of democratisation.

  4. The ANC shall continue to oppose any unilateral military and other action
    while requiring that Iraq complies with United Nations Security Council
    decisions.

  5. The peace process in Sri Lanka should be supported.

  6. The ANC reaffirms its solidarity with progressive forces in Burma in the
    struggle for peace and democracy against the military regime.

  7. The NEC will have to assess from time to time whether to support and pledge
    solidarity with progressive forces in their struggles for peace, democracy
    and justice.

ON PALESTINE


Noting That:

  1. The continued illegal occupation of Palestine and the use of state terrorism
    by Israel constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

  2. The peace process has virtually collapsed.

  3. The African Union, Non-Aligned Movement and the United Nations are exerting
    maximum effort to address the Middle East conflict, despite heavy odds.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. The ANC and the Leagues should continue to lead the campaign of solidarity
    with the Palestinian people,

  2. We reaffirm the 50th Congress resolutions on Palestine as well as the resolution
    taken at the Alliance Ekurhuleni Summit.

ON WESTERN SAHARA


Noting:


Our historic support for the right of the Saharawi people to self-determination,
and our fraternal relations with Polisario Front.


THEREFORE RESOLVES:


To urge the South African government to take special initiatives to advance
the process to reach an early settlement.


BUILDING RELATIONS ON THE CONTINENT, SOUTH-TO-SOUTH CO-OPERATION,
AND NORTH TO SOUTH DIALOGUE


Noting That

  1. One of the cornerstones of South Africa's foreign policy is putting African
    interests at the heart of our international relations programme.

  2. Our national liberation struggle has always been underpinned by international
    solidarity with the African people in particular and the oppressed in general.

  3. The vision of African Renaissance which is to promote peace and security;
    ending wars and conflict in the continent, instilling good economic and
    political governance, fight social challenges facing Africa and defending
    progressive indigenous African cultures.

REAFFIRMS

  1. The ANC's policy of taking a lead in the rebirth of the African continent.
    1. Our international solidarity campaigns with progressive forces in both
    developing and developed countries.

  2. Our continued support to other nations that are still struggling against
    both national oppression and colonialism.

  3. The AU as an appropriate structure to drive the rebirth of Africa and
    NEPAD as a programme of action to achieve the renaissance.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. The ANC continues its efforts to promote a meaningful dialogue between
    the two major parties in Zimbabwe in pursuance of a just resolution in the
    interests of peace and stability.

  2. The ANC reaffirms its support of the struggle of the Saharawi people for
    self determination.

  3. The ANC supports the peaceful resolution of the conflict in Angola, the
    DRC, Comoros Island, Sierra Leone and Sudan and the creation of democratic
    governments.

  4. Africa's capacity to provide food security to its people and to produce
    goods for trade on the continent that can compete on the global market must
    be reinforced.

  5. The ANC must inspire and consolidate its relations with international
    Non-Governmental Organizations that are committed to social and economic
    justice in the South.

  6. The ANC must lead an all-round popular movement for the implementation of
    all programmes geared to develop the African continent.

ON RIGHTWING RESURGENCE AND THE RISE OF FUNDAMENTALIST IDEOLOGIES


Noting That:

  1. The greatest challenges to World Peace are located in Middle East and South
    Asia.

  2. Externally imposed neo-liberal economic policies on developing countries
    undermine national sovereignty,

  3. There has been a rise of extreme right political parties in a number of
    countries in Western Europe

BELIEVING THAT

  1. Intertwined with world sustainable economic growth is the centrality of
    global peace.

  2. People-sensitive economic policies have to prevail over those that enrich
    a few individuals and countries.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT

  1. We vigorously participate in the struggle for world peace and establish
    a peace movement as part of our international solidarity work.

  2. We engage with globalisation to harness its positive elements while also
    engaging with the anti-globalisation movement in order to lend it coherence.

  3. Sustainable economic growth that resolves poverty should be prioritised
    in policy frameworks of all countries in keeping with the WSSD Johannesburg
    Declaration and Programme of Action

  4. The ANC condemns the upsurge of Xenophobia, Islamophobia and racism among
    the countries of the West and calls on all governments and parliaments to
    ensure the implementation of the resolutions of the World Conference Against
    Racism.

STRENGTHENING THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS


Noting:

  1. Progress made in the transformation of the department of foreign affairs.

  2. That a transformed department is central in the realization of our new
    foreign policy environment.

  3. Efforts made to change our missions abroad to reflect the demographics
    of South Africa.

REAFFIRMING:

  1. Our commitment to transform the Department of Foreign Affairs to reflect
    the new ethos of our democracy.

  2. The strategic importance of the department in marketing South Africa abroad
    with other government agencies.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. There must be a continuing effort to build capacity and radically transform
    the department of foreign affairs to reflect South African democratic values.

  2. Deployment of cadres within the department, particularly women cadres,
    must be embarked upon urgently.

  3. All attempts should be made to reflect a national spread in foreign postings.

  4. Our foreign missions should assist with ensuring that the human rights
    of South African citizens abroad are not violated.

BUILDING THE WORLD PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT.


Noting:

  1. The absence of a co-coordinated progressive movement in Africa and the
    world.

  2. The absence of coordination amongst progressive African movements.

  3. The negative role played by international bodies such as the ICFTU in
    international politics. AND BELIEVING THAT The establishment of a progressive
    movement in Africa will strengthen the implementation of programmes and
    institutions of the AU and NEPAD.

THEREFORE RESOLVE THAT:

  1. We accelerate the efforts to work with all progressive forces (political
    parties and civil society) as part of building a broad progressive movement
    for transformation.

  2. We assist in the mobilization of African intellectuals working abroad to
    return to the continent to help build and reconstruct Africa.

  3. The South African government be encouraged to strengthen Non Aligned Movement,
    making it a force for peace and development.

  4. We must assist in the restructuring of the Pan-African Women's Organisation
    (PAWO) to meet the challenges that face the continent by supporting the
    AU and NEPAD.

  5. Coordinate with COSATU in its activities within the ICFTU to transform
    it to play a progressive role on the continent and in the world.

STRENGTHENING PARTY-TO-PARTY RELATIONS


Noting:

  1. The ANCs 50th National Conference resolutions on this matter;

  2. Our party-to-party relations have tended to operate in a reactive manner
    rather than proactively.

  3. Recent efforts of the ANC to engage former liberation movements in Southern
    Africa.

AND REAFFIRMING:


The correctness of party-to-party relations in mediating and circumventing
state-to-state relations that are subject to bureaucratic procedures.


THEREFORE RESOLVE:

  1. That the ANC must strengthen Party-to-Party relations at a programmatic
    and strategic level with former liberation organisations and the progressive
    movement in general.

  2. To continue to engage with former liberation movements to strengthen democratic
    and progressive policies practices.

STRENTHENING THE ANC INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT CONFERENCE RESOLVES
TO:

  1. Strengthen the ANC's department of international affairs.

  2. Speed up the process of building the full capacity of the ANC's Department
    of International Affairs and ensure that provinces, regions and branches
    establish proper structures to engage in international work.

  3. To establish a Cadre Development School that will, among other areas, cover
    International Relations to produce cadres schooled in International Relations
    and Solidarity work.

SOCIALIST INTERNATIONAL

Noting That

The Socialist International has provided a platform for the ANC to forge links
with other progressive parties in the world

AND BELIEVING THAT:

1. The long-standing relations that the ANC enjoyed with other progressive parties need to be strengthened,

2. The challenges facing the continent require the ANC to mobilize like-minded parties to join the Socialist International.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. We should continue forging strong cooperation with liberation movements
    and progressive parties on the African continent.

  2. We should continue to cooperate with other parties so as to influence
    the global agenda.

  3. We should strive to transform the Socialist International into a vibrant,
    active movement for progressive change,

  4. We should strengthen our relations with the Africa chapter of the Socialist
    International.

ON THE WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT


Noting That:

  1. The ANC reaffirms its commitment to the principles of sustainable development,

  2. Agenda 21 served to encourage and inspire our own democratic movement
    in South Africa to draft the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP).
    Many of ANC policies and programmes that we have put in place since 1994
    are directly inspired by the outcomes of the Rio Earth summit.

  3. We welcome any discussions on global finance and the economy.

  4. Global inequalities and patterns of poverty, perpetuated by unsustainable
    economic practices, are reflected in South Africa and the entire continent.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The WSSD in Johannesburg provided a unique opportunity for governments,
    UN bodies, business, civil society and the Development Finance institutions
    to agree on the mechanisms and resources required to meet sustainable development
    targets at global, regional, national and local level.

  2. Eradicating poverty is the greatest global challenge facing the world today
    and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, particularly
    for developing countries.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To welcome the adoption of the Johannesburg WSSD Plan of Implementation
    as a minimum programme to achieve sustainable development

  2. To fully support the decision by the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 including
    the goals of halving world poverty by the year 2015.

  3. Welcome the World Trade Organisation's Doha decisions calling for a development
    round of negotiations, which will address key concerns and capacity constraints
    of developing countries and give better access to the markets of the rich
    North, for the producers from the South.

  4. To actively campaign internationally to ensure that the principles adopted
    in the WSSD Johannesburg Implementation Plan and the Doha Declaration translate
    into concrete measures that will benefit developing countries and reduce
    inequality in the global system.

ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION POLICY FRAMEWORK

  1. The ANC's 50th National Conference in Mafikeng in 1997 passed a comprehensive
    resolution on economic transformation, which was subsequently endorsed by
    the National General Council in Port Elizabeth in 2000. This 51st National
    Conference reaffirms the economics resolution taken at Mafikeng and proposes
    additions and refinements in various areas.

  2. The ANC's vision has always been one of a prosperous, equitable, stable
    and democratic society. In the economy, our vision has been one of decent
    work and living standards for all, in the context of qualitatively improved
    equity in ownership, management skills and access to opportunities.

  3. Achieving this vision requires:
    1. Substantial growth in small and micro enterprise, based in large part
      on land reform as well as improved access to finance, infrastructure and
      marketing;
    2. The diversification of the economy to enhance local value added both
      to meet the basic needs of all our people and to increase export revenues;
    3. Integration into the global economy in ways that create jobs and provide
      opportunities especially for black people, women and the poor;
    4. Development of the full productive potential of our economy
    5. Broad-based skills development; and
    6. Macro-economic stability at a level that supports economic growth and
      development.
  4. It is imperative that we mobilise the ANC's core constituencies - the poor,
    workers, women, youth and black business - around our economic strategies.

  5. When the ANC took power, we inherited an economy shaped by colonial dispossession,
    and apartheid which resulted in huge inequalities and increasing poverty,
    rising unemployment and unsustainable government debt.

  6. Despite this legacy, the ANC-led government has made great achievements.
    We have ensured:
    • High levels of confidence, certainty and stability
    • Lower government debt and inflation
    • Substantial growth in exports of manufactured goods, especially in
      the auto industry and minerals other than gold, as well as generally rising
      productivity and improved skills
    • A sharper regional and continental focus
    • Increased empowerment opportunities for black people, women and the
      poor
    • Labour-market reforms that have greatly improved labour relations
  7. Great challenges remain, however, key among these are:
    • High unemployment, with continuing job losses in the formal sector
      and rising joblessness especially among the youth
    • Low growth, low savings and low levels of investment
    • Continued mass poverty and deep inequalities based on class, race,
      gender and region
    • To continue to mobilise support for our economic policies and strategies
      and seek to reach consensus on these within the Alliance and society in
      general.
  8. In response to this situation, the ANC has set the following objectives:
    1. Faster, employment-creating growth based on higher and better structured
      investment
    2. More equitable ownership of productive assets as well as access to
      skills and infrastructure in order to empower Africans in particular,
      black people in general, women, youth and the poor.
    3. A substantial expansion in employment opportunities and sustainable
      livelihoods.
    4. Programmes to meet basic needs and alleviate poverty in ways that as
      far as possible expand domestic demand and increase productive employment
    5. Well-managed integration within regional and world markets
  9. To achieve these objectives the ANC will utilise the following strategies:
    1. Maintenance of macro-economic stability
    2. Comprehensive and integrated micro-economic reforms in key sectors
      supported by skills development, to increase productivity, meet basic
      needs and create employment
    3. Support for small and micro enterprise, including through land reform
      and provision of basic infrastructure
    4. Support for the income-generating activities, including through improved
      income transfers and services to alleviate poverty, in ways that will
      improve family incomes and livelihoods
    5. Strong efforts to mobilise private capital around new productive projects
      and infrastructure
    6. Raising the level and efficiency of Public Sector investment
    7. Mobilising key stakeholders behind the concept of sustainable development
      through initiatives like the Growth and Development Summit
    8. Implementation of a comprehensive strategy for food security
    9. Pay increased attention to the conservation, storage, development and
      use of water to ensure maximum economic, social and environmental benefits
      for our people
    10. Continually assess our labour and safety legislation and monitor its
      implementation to ensure improvement in the working conditions of especially
      vulnerable sectors.
    11. Support for the Proudly South African campaign.
  10. We assume a collective responsibility to advance and strengthen the interdependent
    and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development - economic growth,
    social development and environmental protection - at local, national, regional
    and global levels.

  11. We recognise that macroeconomic stability has been achieved through policies
    implemented to date, allowing us to engage in proper sequencing and towards
    relatively more expansionary policies.

  12. We recognise that our strategies can only succeed if we mobilise our members,
    allies and the masses in general around them. This requires a well-defined
    strategy of education and discussion within the ANC, as well as on-going
    policy engagement within the Alliance, the broader civil society and NEDLAC.
    In this regard Conference notes and re-affirms the Ekurhuleni Declaration
    on management of intra alliance relations and the NGC resolution on the
    inclusion of economic literacy in our political education.

  13. We will measure progress in terms of:
    1. The growth rate
    2. Reduction in unemployment
    3. Increase in real GDP per capita
    4. The Human Development Index
    5. The Poverty Gap index
    6. Indices of macro-economic stability
  14. The context for the above measurements will take into consideration the
    extent of environmental degradation and depletion, changing ownership patterns
    and the establishment of specific indicators for key development outcomes.
    Indicative examples are included as an appendix.

Unemployment & Under-Employment Noting

  1. That high unemployment rates have underpinned continued poverty and aggravated
    social problems

  2. The high proportion of low quality, employment in our society

  3. The many people in the informal sector, many of whom are under-employed.

  4. That the unemployment crisis has affected young people, women and rural
    people most acutely.

  5. The need to encourage our people to engage in sustainable self-initiated
    income earning opportunities

  6. That many of our people resort to a mix of strategies for improving household
    income that combine income transfers from family members and state pensions
    with subsistence farming, hawking and provision of services on a very low
    level.

THEREFORE RESOLVES TO:

  1. Ensure that government at all levels implements a comprehensive and integrated
    employment strategy combining short-term measures aimed at providing a degree
    of immediate relief with longer term interventions aimed at sustainable
    job creation and alternative income earning opportunities;

  2. Support the phased implementation of a comprehensive social security system,
    which will be implemented alongside job creation initiatives

  3. Support a major extension of community based public works programmes to
    create employment, support the informal sector, develop skills and expand
    social infrastructure, public housing and critical services to poor communities.

  4. Mobilise through our branches a comprehensive action-oriented campaign
    involving all people aimed at eradicating poverty and creating employment.

  5. Engage with the private sector to articulate how they will act to eradicate
    poverty and create employment.

  6. Ensure that Government establishes a mechanism to report on efforts it
    has made to facilitate employment creation.

  7. Ensure that Government extends supply-side measures to relatively labour-intensive
    sectors and activities (including services and construction) that produce
    wage goods and improve incomes for the poor. In particular, these should
    target food production and processing, the development of producer and consumer
    co-operatives, and the upgrading of household income-generating enterprises.

  8. Support the convening of sector summits and regional forums, which can
    identify where sustainable job creation is possible.

  9. Ensure that provincial, national and local procurement policies increase
    demand for quality local products.

  10. Support technological innovation through private-public partnerships that
    ensure production of South African goods and services in line with the Proudly
    South African campaign.

  11. Ensure the effective deployment of state and parastatal resources in support
    of the integrated rural development programme and local economic development
    and to use these capacities to ensure access to training of the unemployed
    and underemployed.

  12. Ensure that the informal sector is developed through interventions that
    formalize employment, including through creating an enabling environment for
    cooperatives, through training, spatial planning initiatives, micro-financing,
    etc.

BLACK ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT

Noting That:

  1. Despite our efforts, South African society remains characterised by vast
    racial and gender inequalities in the distribution of and access to productive
    assets, wealth, income, skills and employment.

  2. Little progress has been made in achieving greater operational participation
    and control in the economy by black people, and we have instead seen the
    rise in so-called 'fronting'

  3. This limited participation of black people in the economy limits our ability
    to expand the productive base, sustain economic development, eradicate poverty
    and contribute to a better life for all.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) is a moral, political, social and
    economic requirement of this country's collective future. BEE is defined
    in its broadest sense as an integrated and coherent socio-economic process
    located in the context of the RDP. Its benefits must be shared across society,
    and impact as widely as possible.

  2. That the indicators for success are overall equity in incomes, wealth,
    increasing levels of black participation - including black women and youth
    - in the ownership, the extent to which there is operational participation
    and control of the economy and the extent to which there has been transfer
    and possession of skills and a retention of assets by the BEE beneficiaries.

  3. To ensure that BEE is broad based, supportive of collective ownership programmes
    by working people and communities, in the form of collective enterprises
    and cooperatives, supportive of the creation of an entrepreneurial class,
    the accumulation of assets by the poor and with a focus on the development
    of rural economies.

  4. That the ANC will mobilise its membership to mobilise communities in general,
    and targeted groups in particular - women, institutions working with children,
    people with disabilities, youth and the elderly - to take up the BEE opportunities
    and to participate in the debate.

  5. That an essential component of BEE is the involvement of black business
    people, especially women, in the ownership, control and management of productive
    capital in all sectors of the economy as well as skilled occupations. In
    pursuing this objective the ANC will work with the emergent black capitalist
    class to ensure joint commitment and practical action to attain increased
    investment, job creation, employment equity and poverty alleviation.

  6. That the government must intensify its support for small, medium and micro
    enterprises as a critical component of BEE and ensure that such support
    reaches them

  7. That the ANC at all levels must continuously monitor progress in empowering
    black people, especially black women, youth, children, the elderly and people
    living with disabilities and ensure government arrives at quantitative targets
    in order to measure BEE.

  8. That the ANC supports the establishment of a BEE Advisory Council representing
    all major stakeholders to champion BEE.

  9. To promote the design and implementation of broad based sector or industry
    empowerment programmes with clearly defined targets, based on agreements
    between stakeholders

  10. To enhance the effective use of government's instruments such as licensing,
    procurement, state asset restructuring and provision of finance, to target
    BEE.

  11. To ensure government designs an enabling regulatory framework including
    operational guidelines to promote certainty in the implementation and regulation
    of BEE.

  12. To ensure that Municipal Integrated Development Plans factor in BEE at
    community levels and ensure that local government communicates opportunities
    for BEE.

RESTRUCTURING OF STATE-OWNED ASSETS AND ENTERPRISES


Noting That:

  1. The portfolio of state assets contains entities and agencies that operate
    in various ways in our country and play a fundamental and strategic role
    in the ongoing development of our country and our continent.

  2. That these state-owned assets and enterprises operate in all spheres of
    government, including national, provincial, and local government structures.

  3. Significant progress has been made since 1994 to align state enterprises
    and agencies with the priorities of our development agenda. However, inefficiencies
    continue to hamper the optimal operation of those assets and hence the quality
    of the service they provide to our people and the economy as a whole.

  4. Restructuring of state-owned enterprises can have an impact on [1] the
    quality, accessibility and affordability of services provided to communities,
    particularly the poor; [2] the efficient operation of strategic sectors
    of our economy; or [3] employment and human resource development.

  5. A fundamental aim of restructuring is to ensure that State Owned Enterprises
    (SOE's) more effectively and efficiently carry out their developmental mandates,
    including our regional and NEPAD programmes.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To reaffirm ANC Policy on restructuring, particularly the role of SOE's
    in economic transformation, democratisation and deracialisation of our economy,
    which ensures that the transfer of assets to the private sector strengthens
    our developmental agenda.

  2. To extend the National Framework Agreement to provincial and local government
    levels.

  3. To ensure that in the process of restructuring emphasis must continue to
    be given to job retention and job creation and a social plan, as well as
    training,

  4. To further ensure that practical and adequate safety nets are established
    for those workers who cannot secure continued employment or training. Such
    safety nets must at the very least include effective re-training, counselling,
    and assistance for alternative employment.

  5. That the mandates of state-owned assets and enterprises must be revisited,
    evaluated and monitored more closely to ensure that their social and economic
    mandates (including such issues as procurement, equity and transformation)
    remain aligned to our development agenda.

  6. To ensure that both the ANC and Government communicate effectively with
    the broader public about the aims, objectives, and benefits of restructuring
    as these unfold.

BUILDING A CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT


Noting That:

  1. A co-operative movement would support more equitable growth and ownership
    in our economy and empower our people, while providing important services
    more affordably and efficiently to poor households.

  2. The current legislative framework for co-operatives does not encourage
    the formation of small-scale producer co-operatives, co-operative financial
    institutions or consumer co-operatives.

  3. Our people do not have enough understanding or information about the aims,
    developmental potential and functioning of co-operatives.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the ANC and it's allies support the mobilisation of a social movement
    to initiate the development of cooperatives as an instrument of economic
    growth and development

  2. To ensure that Government urgently establishes at all levels appropriate
    enabling legislation, an appropriate institutional framework and resources
    for producer, consumer, services and credit co-operatives.

  3. To ensure that the Departments of Housing, Trade and Industry, Finance
    and Agriculture and Land in particular, must develop programmes that support
    co-operatives and educate the public about them.

  4. That the national Department of Education, through interactions with other
    departments, educational institutions, including SETAs and organisations
    working in the cooperative sector, should ensure sustainable training programmes
    on cooperative and that life-skills training in the schools includes some
    study of co-operatives, as part of broader training on entrepreneurship.

LABOUR AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT


Noting That:

  1. The democratic government and the Constitution have brought about a vast
    improvement in labour rights and dispute settlement systems. However, most
    farm, domestic and informal-sector workers remain highly vulnerable and
    unable to exercise their rights in full.

  2. Most companies have introduced weak and inadequate employment equity plans,
    if any.

AND BELIEVING THAT

Improved skills development, based on a sound general education system, is critical for economic equity, empowerment and growth.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the ANC will campaign to ensure that all companies register with the
    relevant SETA and complete a workplace skills plan, and that all companies
    develop meaningful employment equity plans, starting with three key sectors
    Finance Information Communications and Technology (ICT) and Mining.

  2. To ensure that all government departments and public entities continue
    to actively contribute towards the success of the overall HRD Strategy and
    the National Skills Development Strategy.

  3. That, in this regard, particular attention will have to be paid towards
    ensuring that the National Skills Authority develop effective mechanisms
    to disseminate information to and communicate with targeted constituencies
    about their programmes, and ensure further that they effectively expand
    their programmes to reach those that are out of school, out of work and
    inadequately skilled.

  4. To support the principle that the Education Department ensure our youth
    have access to quality mathematics, science, computer and cultural studies
    they need to participate in the economy.

  5. That the ANC must ensure that a policy framework for access to training
    by the unemployed is developed.

  6. To ensure that research is conducted to continually assess the impact of
    HIV/AIDS in the economy in order to strengthen appropriate measures designed
    to counteract such impact.

  7. That a policy framework must be developed to encourage the private sector
    to accommodate learnerships so that opportunities are provided for people
    to acquire skills and experience in order to gain or create employment opportunities.

  8. To strengthen and expand public employment services for job matching activities
    such as counselling, the provision of labour market and training information
    and job assistance.

FISCAL POLICY


Noting That:

  1. The democratic government has enjoyed great success in improving fiscal
    management and reducing government deficits and tax rates leading to lower
    interest cost for government. While this led to some declines in spending
    in the late 1990s, the strategy now permits a substantial improvement in
    government spending on developmental needs.

  2. That the most impoverished rural areas, located in the former homelands,
    still lag behind in terms of most government services and infrastructure,
    while local governments in these regions face serious shortfalls in resourcing.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That fiscal policy must support growth, employment creation and development
    by ensuring that government expenditure continues to grow in a robust but
    sustainable fashion. Like all policies, it must be subject to regular review
    in terms of its impact on our overall objectives.

  2. To ensure that government departments and local municipalities do more
    to redirect and coordinate spending towards historically underserved communities.

  3. To ensure that government at all levels must ensure that special funds,
    such as poverty relief funds, are actually disbursed and spent effectively
    and efficiently.

  4. To ensure that the capacity of government at all levels to spend effectively
    is increased.

  5. To ensure that Provinces develop coherent packages to improve spending
    on government services in the most impoverished areas and, with the National
    Treasury, enhance support for local governments in these areas.

COMBATING INFLATION


Noting That:

  1. The ANC is concerned about periodic increases in inflation which places
    a heavy burden on the economy and the poor.

  2. These inflation changes could be the result of oil price increases, market
    inefficiency, currency movements, administered prices, local rates and taxes,
    input cost escalation, food price increases and other factors.

  3. Policy to combat inflation has various instruments.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That monetary policy must be used in a flexible manner, consistent with
    the broad aims and objectives of the ANC economic policy, including job
    creation, investment and poverty eradication.

  2. That monetary policy must continue to be directed to the achievement and
    maintenance of macro-economic stability, in the interest of sustainable
    economic growth.

  3. To maintain our approach on inflation targeting while ensuring that such
    targets are consistent with our economic objectives, and that all role players
    in the economy play their role in pursuing low inflation.

  4. To strive to achieve broad consensus on inflation targets.

THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM


Noting That:

  1. The current global trading system remains uneven, inequitable and subject
    to instability. Among other things, developed countries retain unfair trade
    advantages including subsidies and protective trade barriers. These practices
    have a negative impact on developing countries.

  2. Current multilateral negotiations seek to remedy some of these imbalances,
    but may also present further challenges, such as further pressure to reduce
    domestic tariffs and increased burdens of compliance for developing countries.

  3. In the last few years South Africa has seen a substantial improvement in
    exports, especially in higher value-added manufactured goods.

  4. Rapidly changing and unsustainable patterns of consumption in the developed
    world are impacting upon production patterns and market access options for
    developing countries

THEREFORE RESOLVES TO:

  1. Ensure that government take steps to reduce the negative impact of speculative
    activity in capital and currency markets, including international regulations
    and options such as taxation of speculative capital movements.

  2. Support government's continuing work for changes at the WTO, IMF and World
    Bank, and thus mandate government to prioritise efforts to fight poverty
    and to build the economies of developing countries, to work to make multi-lateral
    institutions more accountable to the peoples of the South; to work to strengthen
    the UN and its specialised economic agencies and promote greater coherence
    between the different multilateral agencies.

  3. Support government in it's effort to resist the use of the General Agreement
    on Trade in Services (GATS) negotiations to push privatisation of core public
    services on a global scale;

  4. Support government in it's efforts to work for modifications in Trade
    Related aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) so as to address the issue
    of global public goods, affordable medicines and the sharing of the benefits
    of bio-diversity development.

  5. Ensure that government's trade negotiations are guided by our economic
    vision, and that international and regional agreements strengthen the productive
    capacity of the economy of South Africa and those of the Southern African
    regions as a whole.

NEW PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA'S DEVELOPMENT


Noting That:

  1. Africa faces the challenge of poverty eradication and sustainable economic
    development

  2. The strategy is to reverse the poverty situation by changing the relationship
    that underpins it; by ensuring that dependency is not entrenched through
    aid and drawing on the rich potential of existing African resources.

  3. South Africa is an integral part of the African continent

  4. The New Partnership for Africa 's Development (NEPAD) is a pledge by African
    leaders based on a common vision and a firm shared conviction to fulfil
    their duty to eradicate poverty and place their countries individually and
    collectively on a path of sustainable economic growth and development.

  5. It is also a call for a new relationship of partnership within countries
    in Africa and between Africa and the international community to be founded
    on a realisation of common interests, benefits and equality.

THEREFORE RESOLVES TO:

  1. Ensure that NEPAD is enriched through structured interaction with African
    civil society, which will in turn form the basis for mass mobilisation to
    support political, economic and social development.

  2. Support the participation of government, business and civil society in
    the development and implementation of the economic programmes aimed at achieving
    growth while eliminating poverty, with an emphasis on investment, infrastructure,
    agriculture and regional integration.

  3. Mobilise our membership and allies to join hands with progressive forces
    in African and the rest of the world in pursuit of the NEPAD objectives.

  4. Affirm that the ANC stands behind the African leadership's commitment
    to ensure economic integration in Africa through the promotion of regional
    and continental forums.

MINING


Noting That:

  1. Mining was and remains a cornerstone of the South African economy and
    that historically mining companies did not invest in communities that contributed
    towards mining, leading to extreme poverty in areas that are associated
    with mining, and also resulting in ghost towns as mines are closed.

  2. A few companies, which are increasingly based outside of South Africa,
    continue to dominate South African mining.

  3. The mines have a poor safety record and rely on migrant labour, which
    leads to unacceptable living conditions for miners and accelerates the spread
    of HIV and TB, asbestosis, chronic and non-communicable diseases.

  4. The gold industry has many productive decades ahead of it, but will continue
    to downsize. This situation has in part been offset by increased investments
    and exports of other mining related products such as platinum and steel.

  5. Local beneficiation of our minerals remains inadequate, although there
    has been progress in this regard

  6. The majority of our citizens were denied access to mineral resources and
    careers in the mining industry, which has resulted in extremely skewed ownership
    and staff demographics, with mining houses holding on to mineral rich state
    land through long term leases and mining licenses, limiting new entrants
    into the sector.

  7. South Africa will always need mining, but diversification and increasing
    beneficiation is necessary in the light of the volatility of raw materials
    markets and the need to create employment on a mass scale

THEREFORE RESOLVE TO:

  1. Develop a mass campaign to support the transformation of the mining industry
    both in South Africa and internationally, and to support legislation aimed
    at achieving transformation such as the Mineral and Petroleum Development
    Bill.

  2. Ensure that we urgently develop strategies to establish value matrices around
    mining in ways that enhance employment and equity, by amongst other things:
    • Implementing strategies to overcome the obstacles to beneficiation,
      particularly non-competitive pricing
    • Building on the strong technological base South Africa has in mining
      to support exports of capital goods and technological advances in other
      industries.
    • Implementing the mining charter to facilitate meaningful and sustainable
      equity participation by black people in general, and women in particular,
      in existing and new mining operations underpinned by broad-based socio-economic
      empowerment.
    • Continuing to pursue people-centred mining, which broadly encompasses
      accepted sustainable development principles.
    • Mobilising for the transformation of employment patterns and recruitment
      processes in ways that benefit mineworkers and their families in South
      and Southern Africa.
  3. Manage the downsizing of gold and diamond mining by requiring that mining
    companies provide clear plans, which take into account the lifespan of mines
    and the need for sustainable local development.

  4. Support the development of safety standards and access to training for
    small-scale miners.

  5. Explore the establishment of a vehicle to support mineral exploration
    by previously disadvantaged groups, especially rural communities, given
    the importance of sustaining the industry and bringing in new entrants through
    new legislation envisaged.

AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY


Noting That:

  1. Landlessness is a growing problem aggravated by the challenges of poverty
    and unemployment.

  2. Agricultural production plays a critical role in economic and social development.

  3. There is a need for comprehensive policy on agricultural land management.

  4. Many farm workers, tenants and other dwellers continue to live under highly
    inhuman and oppressive conditions.

  5. Volatility of food prices aggravates the vulnerabilities of the poor.

THEREFORE RESOLVES TO:

  1. Work with other formations to lead a popular campaign for rural development,
    including the formation and development of co-operatives, farmers and rural
    enterprises' associations.

  2. Ensure that the implementation of the Land Reform and Agricultural Development
    Programme is accelerated and includes a comprehensive support package for
    farmers, farm workers, and dwellers, rural entrepreneurs and co-operatives.

  3. Extend government services to all farm dwellers.

  4. Expedite the re-evaluation of the Labour Tenants Act and the Extension
    of Security of Tenure Act in order to ensure more effective protection of
    the rights and means of farm workers and dwellers.

  5. Develop a comprehensive agricultural land management policy that deals
    with productive use of under-utilised agricultural land, including commonages
    at local level and sustainable agricultural land use.

  6. Ensure that agricultural and other policies have a positive impact on household
    food security, food prices and environmental sustainability.

FISHING AND MARICULTURE


Noting That:

  1. Whilst good progress has been made with respect to restructuring the fishing
    industry in the context of sustainability, there still remains a challenge
    of further transformation to address historical inequalities.

  2. The allocation of rights should maintain the role of the state as the custodian
    of the resource.

  3. Poverty and unemployment remain amongst the major challenges in fishing
    communities.

THEREFORE RESOLVE TO:

  1. Support the full implementation of the new fishing policy, and to regularly
    review the impact of policies and programmes on employment, regular incomes
    of fishing communities in the context of seasonal nature of this industry,
    beneficiation and BEE. All this must take into account the strategic objectives
    of the Marine Living Resources Act.

  2. Continually monitor the regional (and provincial) allocation of fishing
    quotas, in the context of the empowerment of fishing communities, and facilitate
    access of these communities to training, finance and general capacity to take
    advantage of fishing quotas.

TOURISM


Noting That:

Tourism remains a key growth sector for the economy and contributes significantly to development and job creation.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the government should continue to implement programmes which promote
    investment in tourism.

  2. That support mechanisms should be designed, in partnership with stakeholders,
    to ensure that communities benefit from tourism activities and to enhance
    BEE and SMME development outcomes.

  3. To mobilise communities to participate in the community-based business
    opportunities that underpin the tourism strategy.

MANUFACTURING


Noting That:

  1. South Africa has a relatively strong base for manufacturing production,
    with sound infrastructure and an experienced labour force, and has successfully
    avoided the real threat of de-industrialisation.

  2. Weaknesses remain in our manufacturing sector, including continued dependence
    on imported inputs and the failure to develop more complete value matrices
    based on local mining, agriculture and petroleum refining; skills shortages;
    concentration of ownership and a weak SMME sector; and in consequence stagnation
    in employment.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Manufacturing can grow by expanding production of goods for domestic use
    and export, and by extending the technological base that developed to serve
    the mines, agriculture, energy, transport and telecommunications.

  2. In the long run manufacturing requires a well-established knowledge base,
    embodied in improved research and development, the diffusion of innovation,
    the use of ICT in procurement, marketing and design, and the development
    of a highly skilled workforce.

  3. There is a shift in the technological base of the economy towards labour-displacing
    technologies in the form of microelectronics.

  4. Traditional boundaries between manufacturing and other sectors (such as
    primary products and services) are becoming less significant, requiring
    strategies that promote dynamic linkages cutting across traditional sectoral
    divides.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To support the thrust of government's Integrated Manufacturing Strategy
    as a programme to promote collective action within integrated value matrices
    and ensure that manufacturing, in dynamic linkage with other sectors, contributes
    directly and indirectly to employment creation, greater equity and small
    enterprise development.

  2. That employment growth, the extension of income earning opportunities
    and equity must be key objectives of the Integrated Manufacturing Strategy.

  3. That government should support the development of mechanisms to promote
    a transition from dialogue to collective action by stakeholders in order
    to ensure growth in output and employment in the context of increasingly
    integrated value matrices. Sector summits are an important way to begin
    this process.

  4. Relevant parastatals must play a stronger role in facilitating easier
    access to capital in support of BEE and the promotion of SMMEs.

  5. That government should support agro-industry as a mechanism to support
    rural economic development.

TRANSPORT


Noting That:

  1. Apartheid settlement patterns and the location of major industrial centres
    far from the coast make road and rail transport particularly critical for
    South Africa and for southern Africa.

  2. Huge backlogs remain in road maintenance and investment, many rural residents
    cannot afford the new toll roads, and rail services for commuters and rural
    people, as well as most urban bus systems, have deteriorated.

  3. Most South African urban areas do not support non-motorised transport
    adequately.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. In light of the distortions in settlement patterns inherited from apartheid,
    government must ensure affordable transport for commuters and migrant workers.

  2. Government must also ensure efficient and affordable transport to serve
    production and communities in the interior of the country, and to support
    regional integration.

  3. There should be a shift to infilling within metropolitan areas rather
    than extending costly urban sprawl.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To ensure that our growth and development strategies are underpinned by
    integrated and coherent logistical networks, using amongst other things,
    state-owned transport assets to achieve such integration.

  2. To develop a rural transport network, including rail and roads, in ways
    that ensure social integration, reduce the cost of transporting foods and
    other goods, and support rural economic activity. We recognise that this
    may require a cross-subsidy from more profitable lines.

  3. That government must initiate an urgent review of housing, industrial,
    agricultural and tourism policy to ensure they are supported by affordable
    transport systems. Greenfield developments must be subjected to greater
    control, and upgrading of city centres must be made a priority, with increased
    funding.

  4. That public transport, especially municipal bus systems, and non-motorised
    transport must be supported vigorously.

  5. That government must convene a Transport Summit with a view to improve
    national transport strategies and mobilise stakeholders around them.

  6. That the rail network is an important component of our economic infrastructure
    and it must be maintained and upgraded.

  7. To call for the acceleration and intensification of efforts to take forward
    a taxi recapitalisation strategy.

  8. That the public transport system must be safe, affordable for commuters
    and accessible to people with disabilities.

  9. That in all of the above, negative environmental impacts must be minimised.
    In particular, cleaner technologies in the transport sector must be implemented.

TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION


NOTING:

  1. The increasing role of innovation-led growth in successful modern economies;

  2. The threat posed by inadequate investment in the drivers of innovation,
    in particular research and development, thereby risking the loss of key
    knowledge upon which our strategic industries are anchored;

  3. The declining investment by the South African business sector in research
    and development;

  4. The key role of the State in developing a national platform for research
    and development;

  5. The recent drafting by Government of a National Research and Development
    Strategy.

  6. That our resource based industries (e.g. mining and agriculture) need
    to be strengthened by linkages to excellent local research, technology diffusion
    and extension.

THEREFORE RESOLVES TO:

Commit to a long-term research and development strategy, which:

  • Addresses the historical distortions in our human resources in science
    and technology;
  • Commits to support innovation in the context of economic growth and social
    development through appropriate incentives and encourage long term strategic
    research and development;
  • Aligns governance structures for state-owned institutions with a strong
    technology mandate with such an integrated strategy.
  • In the light of micro-electronic technology, to explore the prospect of
    small-scale digital manufacturing which can be easily accessed by small and
    medium sized enterprises.

ENERGY


Noting That:

  1. Many households still lack electricity, while some of those who are linked
    up to the grid have been cut off for failure to meet payments.

  2. South Africa still produces some of the world's cheapest energy, which
    is a pillar of our economy, but expensive new investments will be necessary
    in around ten years.

  3. The inefficient use of coal is a major source of pollution, especially
    in our townships, while generally South Africa does not make sufficient
    use of its abundant solar and wind resources.

  4. There are obstacles with the implementation of our commitment free basic
    service on electricity.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Affordable energy for households is critical for development, since it
    supports micro enterprises, improves conditions for women and children,
    and increases domestic demand for appliances

  2. The ANC's commitment to free basic services, without a means test, should
    be implemented as soon as possible

  3. Communities, labour and business need a higher degree of certainty about
    the impact of restructuring on electricity prices

  4. Restructuring measures must not jeopardise the cross-subsidy of poor households
    by formal business and richer communities

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the process of rationalising electricity distribution should continue,
    ensuring viable and affordable electricity supply for all regions as well
    as the progressive achievement of universal and affordable access, on the
    foundation of a minimum free basic electricity service to all households.

  2. That all proposals for restructuring energy generation and distribution
    should be analysed objectively to assess their likely impact on employment,
    the cost of investment in new capacity, electricity for households and formal
    business, and the environment.

  3. To support the introduction of cleaner technologies for burning coal as
    well as alternative energy sources. Research into renewable energy technologies
    must be conducted and must include potential for local ownership and community
    participation.

  4. To take concrete steps to combat pollution arising out of coal value chain
    activities by setting clean targets in the context of sustainable development
    without increasing cost to the poor.

  5. To support the principle that decisions on nuclear energy must be based
    on a comprehensive and transparent environment impact assessment.

  6. To ensure safety measures in energy generation, manufacture and usage,
    especially of paraffin.

THE FINANCIAL SECTOR


Noting That:

  1. The financial sector should play a positive developmental role by supporting
    savings and translating it into investment, and by increasing economic activity
    through provision of credit and efficient payment mechanisms.

  2. The financial sector has, in fact, supported the bias of investment:
    • Toward capital-intensive sectors and offshore investment,
    • Against low-income housing, small and micro enterprise, infrastructure
      and municipalities
  3. The financial sector has failed to provide affordable basic services (i.e.
    savings, payments and ATM facilities) in poor communities and has generally
    maintained a bias against black people, women and youth.

  4. Employment, ownership and training in the sector remain highly unrepresentative.

  5. Government oversight systems of state-owned financial institutions need
    to be improved in order to ensure that they fulfil their developmental mandates
    especially those that contribute to job creation, social equity and growth.

  6. Much of our population needs more training to understand personal financial
    management and transactions.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That government urgently adopt measures to ensure the transformation of
    the financial sector with clear and measurable targets

  2. That Government financial institutions must be strengthened and be given
    clearer mandates in terms of their developmental role.

  3. That, as agreed in the Financial Sector Summit, government, business and
    labour must urgently define mechanisms to increase investment in developmental
    projects.

  4. That the regulatory framework for the financial sector must be made more
    accountable, responsive and transparent.

  5. To support small-scale community and village banks, community-based saving
    schemes and co-operative banks, through:
    • Appropriate changes in the legislative and regulatory framework,
    • Government and NGO programmes to strengthen these institutions through
      training, subsidies and other measures,
    • Encouragement to unions and public-sector employers, including local
      governments and parastatals, to establish co-operative banks.
    • Review the Bank's Act with a view to enabling legal Developmental Micro-finance
      Institutions to on-lend poor women's savings.
    • Campaigns for a culture of savings by all sectors of the population.
  6. To support legislation on the regulation of credit bureaux as agreed by
    the financial sector summit.

  7. To actively lead a campaign towards the implementation of the resolutions
    of the summit.

  8. To support community reinvestment legislation that prescribes developmental
    reporting requirements and sets targets.

  9. To support developmental, non-profit legal micro-finance agencies that
    target the poor for income generating activities to improve family livelihoods,
    especially in remote rural areas, through: Capacity building, training programmes,
    development of organisational structures and assistance in obtaining appropriate
    technology.

10. That government should lead the establishment of an apex fund that can on-lend to the very poor through developmental micro-lenders and community banking institutions. The apex fund should be supported financially through the treasury.

11. That we must review the application of exemptions from the interest rate requirements for micro-lenders' under the Usury Act.

12. That the Government must ensure that the SETAs are active in the financial sector to support the work of Micro-Financing Institutions.

13. That government must urgently implement rigorous measures to end unfair discrimination in the financial sector, including against people with HIV, by strengthening disclosure and accountability requirements.

14. That education and training about the financial sector must form part of all relevant SETA programmes and be integrated into the life skills curricula in schools.

15. The ANC should launch a campaign to educate people on the dangers of participation in pyramid schemes.

LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Noting That:


Local economic development is critical for balanced, employment-creating,
equitable and dynamic growth

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

We should develop local economic development strategies that:

  • Stimulate local production and commerce, including home industries,
  • Are linked to national and provincial strategies
  • Build institutional arrangements that stimulate community initiatives and
    broadened ownership, including through cooperatives.
  • Redress apartheid spatial planning, which undermines local economic development;
  • Promote the delivery of municipal services through collective community
    initiatives and enterprises.

APPENDIX TO ECONOMIC RESOLUTIONS:


COMMENTS ON KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS FOR OUTCOMES


EMPLOYMENT

Key Performance Indicators

  • Unemployment rate
  • Average wage
  • Share of women and youth in total employment
  • Share of employment in poor provinces in total employment
  • Urban-rural distribution of total employment
  • Share of formal employment in total employment
  • Share of skilled employees in total employment

Comment

We want to halve the current level of unemployment by 2014. We are working
towards changing the composition of skilled and unskilled workers through the
rapid implementation of resources for skills development programmes. We will
work with industry to create labour intensive production, which will in turn
impact positively on small business. We will support sectoral programmes and
the Proudly South Africa campaign to mobilise capital, labour and other stakeholders
around employment-creating growth.


BLACK ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT


Key Performance Indicators

  • Distribution of income, wealth and employment overall and by race and gender
  • Share of productive assets owned in each sector by black people, especially
    black women
  • Grade 12 (matric) pass rate and degrees awarded by race and gender
  • Composition of high-level managerial and professional posts by sector,
    by race and gender

Comment

The ANC sees BEE as a process that should empower the majority of our people, not just a small minority. That means all our measures to improve the distribution of income and wealth must be used in assessing BEE. In particular, the share of black people, especially black women, in ownership and management of companies and land and in high-level managerial and professional positions must increase qualitatively.

RESTRUCTURING PUBLIC ENTERPRISES AND ASSETS


Key Performance Indicators

  • Establishment of a public register of state-owned enterprise and public-private
    partnerships in all spheres of government
  • Adequate and affordable infrastructure for all households, in line with
    well-defined national targets and standards
  • Well maintained and efficient infrastructure for formal and household-based
    enterprise
  • Where necessary, strong regulatory agencies that can monitor and enforce
    government policy
  • Support from major stakeholders for the restructuring process Comment The
    restructuring programme aims primarily to ensure that services are provided
    more efficiently and affordably. To achieve this aim requires adequate regulation.

BUILDING A COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT


Key Performance Indicators

  • Appropriate legislative framework by end of 2003
  • Procurement and other incentives for cooperatives by end of 2003 Comment
    The government will ensure that we create an environment in which cooperatives
    thrive and grow, are supported by government and public enterprises and constitute
    a more significant section of the economy by the year 2014.

SKILLS DEVELOPMENT


Key Performance Indicators

  • Average years of schooling by race & gender
  • Grade 12 (matric) pass rate by subject, race, gender and region
  • Access to tertiary education by subject, race, gender
  • Access to science, maths, computer training and cultural studies, especially
    in historically black schools
  • SET practitioners per 1000 of labour force
  • Learnership programmes and SETA's

Comment

The apartheid system deprived African schools, in particular, of teachers and facilities for maths, science, computer training and cultural studies - all of which are critical for engagement in the modern economy.

TRANSFORMATION OF THE STATE AND GOVERNANCE


Noting That:

  1. The consolidation of the democratic order requires the transformation of
    institutions of governance to ensure that they are capable of facilitating
    the pursuit of the goal of creating a better life for all, the promotion
    of a culture of democracy and human rights, non-racism and a new patriotism
    and African unity for reconstruction and development.

  2. The challenge of nation building remains the primary task of the ANC for
    the full realisation of the NDR.

  3. The current electoral system contributes to nation building and the maintenance
    of stability by promoting inclusivity and national reconciliation; that
    the proportional representation system has facilitated representative institutions
    with a special focus on women, rural communities and other targeted groups
    and that accountability is not dependent solely on an electoral system.

  4. Where people are not involved in the decisions that affect their lives,
    social policies and political interventions are less likely to succeed.
    Participatory democracy should therefore complement and enhance representative
    democracy.

  5. The legacy of apartheid policy has resulted in many of the newly established
    municipalities lacking the resources and capacity to meet their developmental
    challenges.

  6. Corruption is a social scourge that cuts across the public and private
    sectors, and society at large, and involves a transaction between at least
    the giver and the receiver. Corruption and unethical conduct pose a major
    challenge within the public, private, and civil sectors and that wherever
    it occurs, it undermines the values and objectives of the NDR;

  7. The pace of transformation in the culture of the Public Service, particularly
    implementation of Batho Pele is slow and at times frustrating service delivery.

  8. The difficulty to attract, recruit, retain and develop professional and
    managerial skills, and pressure on the South African skills base occasioned
    by the opening of the international labour market. Also, the different levels
    of capacity vary between different departments and institutions of government
    and the absence of common national norms and standards for remuneration of
    public officials.

AND FURTHER NOTING:

  1. The Mafikeng resolution on the relationship between ANC constitutional
    structures and institutions of governance, and that the said resolution
    instructed that appropriate structures be established to implement this
    resolution.

  2. That government has enacted legislation such as the Public Finance Management
    Act and Protected Disclosures Act to limit the areas in which corruption
    can take place and is in the process of passing further legislation necessary
    to combat corruption.

  3. The range of institutions supporting democracy that we have introduced,
    manifesting the ANC's commitment to an active democratic, transparent and
    developmental state. These institutions include: The Public Protector, The
    Human Rights Commission, Commission for Gender Equality, The Auditor General,
    The Independent Electoral Commission, The Public Service Commission, Financial
    and Fiscal Commission, the Reserve Bank and others.

  4. The reforms introduced by the ANC to transform management in all spheres
    government to meet the needs of a developmental state and to improve its
    capacity to deliver including the introduction of financial management legislation
    like the Public Finance Management Act and public service reforms such as
    the establishment of Senior Management Services;

  5. The shift in focus towards outputs and outcomes rather than on inputs,
    as a necessary reform to assess performance for service delivery, and the
    need to prioritise the system of performance management and accountability
    for service (non-financial) delivery to complement the system of financial
    accountability;

  6. The need for all legislatures (Parliament, provincial legislatures, municipal
    councils) to exercise their oversight responsibility more comprehensively,
    by holding government departments and organs of state accountable for both
    non-financial (service delivery) and financial performance; and to inform
    the public on the accountability system for performance in the public sector;

  7. Parliament has a special role in ensuring that all legislation furthers
    the transformation of the state and sets the tone for transformation of
    all state institutions,

  8. The need to distinguish between corruption and gross mismanagement on
    the one hand, and technical (but non-material) infringements on the other,
    in order to determine appropriate corrective or punitive measures to enhance
    performance;

  9. The considerable advances the ANC has made in transforming our system
    of governance into one in which the people are able to actively participate.
    This has been done through structures and mechanisms such as School Governing
    Bodies, Community Policing Forums, Ward Committees, Imbizo, Constituency
    Offices, the committee system in parliament and the legislatures Integrated
    Development Plans amongst others. Campaigns such as the Letsema and Masakane
    Campaigns are also important elements of popular participation in governance.

  10. That the impact of HIV and AIDS on the public sector will become more pronounced
    over the next five years.

  11. The 50th Conference of the ANC in Mafikeng adopted a resolution on local
    government, which sought to give effect to the vision: "The people shall
    govern" and since then government has developed the necessary policy and
    legislative framework in the form of the White Paper on Local Government,
    the Municipal Demarcation Act, the Municipal Structures Act and the Municipal
    Systems Act and that as a result, a new system of local government was inaugurated
    in December 2000.

  12. That, nevertheless, many of our cadres who are deployed into at the local
    sphere of government require political support from the ANC in order for
    them to be able to discharge their mandate.

BELIEVING THAT:

  1. We seek to build a developmental state, capable of implementing the objectives
    of our national democratic revolution, including the creation of a better
    life for all, addressing the legacy of apartheid colonialism and patriarchy,
    and acting as the driving force for socio-economic transformation.

  2. The state as the key instrument for the delivery of basic services should
    develop appropriate systems and structures in order to facilitate a more
    quality and sustainable service delivery machinery.

  3. A number of parastatals are an integral part of the state machinery, some
    of whose mission include operations as focused vehicles to enhance service
    delivery and achieve sustainable development, whilst others operate primarily
    as key input sectors in the economy.

  4. The effective implementation of the new local government system will considerably
    advance the NDR. Local government faces the challenge of mobilising the
    masses of our people to actively participate in matters of governance, including
    IDP's, budgeting, performance management and restructuring of service delivery.

  5. Urbanization is a serious challenge.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

On an Electoral System

  1. To retain the current electoral system and to review the constituency work
    of its public representatives to enhance significantly accountability to
    ANC structures and to the public. On Anti-Corruption

  2. That the ANC should lead by example in dealing effectively with any member
    engaged in corruption through disciplinary action which could include expulsion.

  3. That the ANC and its cadres should play a central role in encouraging 'whistle-blowing'
    and exposing acts of corruption and unethical conduct especially among public
    officials.

  4. That the ANC should embrace 'the RDP of the soul' and empower its cadres
    deployed in both the public and private sector by developing guidelines
    and protocols which would enable them to avoid being unwillingly or unwittingly
    compromised or corrupted.

  5. That the nation-wide anti-corruption campaign, including a media campaign,
    be intensified and mechanisms and institutions such as the national anti-corruption
    forum be promoted to reinforce the anti-corruption campaigns and actions.

  6. That government should:
    • Ensure that legislation is speedily implemented to deter corruption
      including the use of punitive measures;
    • Continue to provide capacity for financial and project management;
    • Ensure that 'whistle-blowers' are adequately protected in terms of
      the law;
    • Evaluate the agencies involved in combating corruption and ensure that
      their activities are effectively co-ordinated in dealing with corruption.
    • Embark on awareness and training campaigns amongst public representatives
      and public servants about mechanisms used/employed to corrupt, and/or
      compromise them, and of steps to take when they find themselves unwittingly
      compromised.

On Institutions Enhancing Democracy and Transformation

  1. That the ANC undertakes a comprehensive assessment of these institutions
    with regard to their mandates, resources, functioning in order that their
    capacity is enhanced.

  2. That the ANC creates public awareness of the objectives of these institutions
    so that they are optimally utilized.

  3. To develop a standardized approach to all regulatory institutions, including
    on such matters as appointment procedures and their mandates.

  4. That work on the review of these institutions should continue and the
    incoming NEC should submit a report on the above matters to the National
    General Council. On Performance Management in the Public Sector, Parliament,
    provincial legislatures and local councils (See noting 6 and 7 and further
    noting 11, 12 and 13)

  5. To accelerate the pace of implementing the accountability system for better
    performance on service delivery and financial management, by fully and properly
    implementing the management and performance reforms like the PFMA and Senior
    Management Service.

  6. To support the need for appropriate corrective or punitive measures to
    enhance both financial and non-financial performance, by dealing decisively
    with material problems as identified, but differentiating where appropriate
    between corruption, gross mismanagement and technical infringements.

  7. To support the need for all legislatures (Parliament, provincial legislatures
    and municipal councils) to improve their capacity to exercise their constitutional
    oversight role by developing protocols for assessing the performance of
    all organs of state and by providing them with sufficient resources to effectively
    carry out this role.

  8. To strengthen measures towards standardising the work of legislatures and
    building capacity of MPs, MPLs and councillors.

  9. To develop a common understanding of the work of the executive and the
    legislatures. On Participatory Democracy (See noting 3, 15 )

  10. That all ANC structures and deployed cadres must continue to take forward
    the Letsema and Masakane Campaigns wherever we may find ourselves - in schools,
    on farms, and in the cities, etc.

  11. That the ANC takes active steps to promote participatory democracy by
    creating opportunities for the effective involvement and participation of
    men and women, of those not literate as well as those with literacy, the
    rural poor, the working people and people with disabilities and other targeted
    groups to gather and express themselves on matters relevant to their basic
    conditions.

  12. That the ANC review the various initiatives on participatory democracy
    to create an integrated system of participation including the identification
    of needs, priorities and implementation of decisions affecting society.

  13. That the NEC develops mechanisms and strategies to strengthen the role
    of ANC Branches, Alliance Structures and other appropriate organs of civil
    society in order to inform policy and legislation on issues that affect
    their lives by engaging with Parliamentary and Provincial Legislature committees
    through making submissions and participating in hearings.

  14. That we increase our efforts to bring Parliament, legislatures and councils
    closer to the people.

  15. That resources be made available for the expansion and consolidation of
    participatory democracy.

  16. That ANC branches make maximum use of the new model of local government
    to enhance significantly participatory democracy. On Institutional Capacity
    Building for Improving Service Delivery (See believing 1 to 5)

  17. That the state retain strategic and regulatory control of the infrastructure
    for basic service delivery such as water, sanitation, access to facilities
    for communities;

  18. To strengthen its ability to formulate, establish and implement policy
    in key areas of tariffs, revenue collection, target, priorities, human resources
    equity, performance utilization, service delivery and standards, with a
    special focus on access for the poor and marginalized in society;

  19. To strengthen the ability of government through the provision of adequate
    resources and the establishment of mechanisms that enhance service delivery
    including entities that pool or share resources and/or focus capacity in
    a manner that enhances service delivery, accountability and democratic management.

  20. That capacity for service delivery be developed through the integration
    of a skills development workplace plan, greater standardisation of training
    across the public sector in line with the Human Resource Development strategy
    adopted for the public sector, the expansion of learnerships across all
    spheres of government, strategies to deal with the impact of HIV/AIDS on
    the public sector, service delivery targets in performance contracts of
    officials and integrated development plans.

  21. That our structures need to play a leading role in forums in local communities
    such has ward committees, School Governing Boards, Community Policing Fora,
    etc. The focus of this intervention is to maximize service improvement,
    resource re-allocation and integrated development planning;

  22. That a framework and skills for developing capacity of and for managing
    partnerships with communities, private and public institutions, etc be developed.

  23. Research is undertaken to find solutions that address the challenges of
    shack farming, and the illegal conversion of agricultural land to accommodate
    informal dwellings for profit.

  24. That the ANC develops the necessary capacity to monitor and evaluate the
    performance of state institutions with regard to service delivery. On the
    role of Parastatals in transformation of the State (See believing 2 and
    3)

  25. That a number of parastatals, including provincial and municipal enterprises,
    are a significant strategic public asset that must be included as an integral
    component of our approach to building an active developmental state;

  26. To strengthen and consolidate existing efforts to redirect the parastatals
    towards meeting the developmental goals of the country.

  27. To extend the National Framework Agreement to provincial and local government
    levels.

  28. The ANC must place greater attention on the role of parastatals in improving
    public access to basic services, and their broader role in development and
    growth.

  29. That these entities are continuously monitored and evaluated against the
    goals of a developmental state. On the Role of Local Government (See noting
    4)

  30. That the ANC creates institutional capacity aimed at giving systematic
    political support to cadres who are deployed in the local government sphere
    in order to enhance their capacity to discharge their mandate.

  31. That the ANC strengthen its guidelines to improve accountability by our
    public representatives.

  32. That the NEC must attend to the issue of civil servants, such as teachers,
    who hold elected office in local government to ensure that they are able
    to perform their dual responsibilities without jeopardising either their
    professional or elected positions.

  33. That a framework must be developed for the devolution of functions, accompanied
    by the necessary resources, from national or provincial spheres to the local
    sphere where services can be effectively delivered.

  34. That municipalities must be given differential support in order to enable
    those with weaker revenue base to access the resources they need for them
    to function effectively.

  35. That National and Provincial spheres of government, including sectoral
    departments, should seek to ensure that their development plans are aligned
    to municipal Integrated Development Plans (IDPs) and that they contribute
    to strengthening the capacity of municipalities to determine and implement
    IDPs. In seeking to do this, the national and provincial spheres should
    also be sensitive to the relationship between IDPs and budgets.

  36. That ANC constitutional structures, especially branches, should complement
    the functioning of Ward Committees in order to ensure that residents and
    sectors of society are mobilised to actively participate in programs of
    governance and socio-economic development. Consideration should be given
    to provide resources that enable them to do their constituency/ward work
    more effectively.

  37. That urgent steps must be taken to develop a government policy and legislative
    framework identifying the role of traditional leaders in our system of governance
    and to continually engage with traditional leaders on government policy.
    Such a policy and legislative framework must give effect to the relevant
    resolution adopted at the 50th ANC Conference in Mafikeng.

  38. 44. To develop a framework that will seek to determine a holistic approach
    to the remuneration of municipal managers and link the levels of remuneration
    to performance.

  39. To continue on strengthening, developing and refining the system of intergovernmental
    relations between the three spheres of government that has evolved.

  40. That the local government financial system must be further reviewed to
    ensure that municipalities are able to fulfil their roles effectively.

  41. To encourage relations amongst municipalities, with a view to share experiences
    and learn from best practices.

  42. To review cross boundary municipalities with a view to ensure that areas
    demarcated as such remain integrated units, but fall within one province.

  43. That women's' caucuses must be established in all spheres of government,
    including local government. On Transforming the Public service, the creation
    of a Single Public Service and accelerating service delivery through Batho
    Pele

  44. That the pace of transformation be accelerated through the creation of
    a single development-oriented integrated system of public administration.
    This will assist the even distribution of capacity through mobility.

  45. To develop a consistent remuneration framework to promote transferability
    throughout all institutions of government.

  46. That advances towards a single public service should be done on an informed
    basis and be preceded by a review of the various capacity levels required
    by the different government institutions. In this review we should also
    identify all impediments towards transformation of public sector organizations
    and develop appropriate strategies.

  47. That the effectiveness of existing co-ordination and integration mechanisms
    be evaluated.

  48. To accelerate gender representivity and the representation of people with
    disabilities in all public sector organizations, at all levels, in particular
    middle and senior management level. Clear programs be developed to capacitate
    women and cadres with disabilities; and furthermore to establish better
    co-ordination of the ANCWL, OSW, and gender committees.

  49. That the move towards a single public service should not be seen as an
    administrative process, and should incorporate the move towards integrated
    service delivery including single access points of services for citizens.
    This will result in greater access to services for rural communities.

  50. That the ANC should facilitate a massive political education campaign
    with an aim to capacitate our members to engage with public officials to
    demand services, and to capacitate our structures to play a political leadership
    and oversight role vis-à-vis service delivery.

  51. To galvanize the support of communities in an effort to improve service
    delivery and strengthen the actions of alliance partners that contributes
    towards improving service delivery. The Letsema campaign should become a
    permanent feature of the Batho Pele process.

  52. That the accountability of public servants, particularly of deployed cadres
    should be monitored, by concentrating on service delivery indicators and
    the provisions of the code of ethics for public servants. The systems and
    capacity of frontline staff members, particularly of major service delivery
    institutions should be prioritised.

  53. That there is a need to negotiate a protocol between governments on the
    mobility of scarce skills resources. The ANC should launch an international
    campaign in response to the poaching of professionals from South Africa
    and other countries of the South.

  54. To reconfirm the current roles and responsibilities of the three spheres
    of government whilst acknowledging the need for refinements in the distribution
    of powers and functions.

  55. That comprehensive discussion to be undertaken with all stakeholders to
    facilitate development and implementation of proposals for a single public
    service

  56. To ensure ongoing training and development of all public servants, through
    the SETAs.

  57. To develop a partnership with all public sector unions in order to achieve
    the goals of Batho Pele in order to ensure the realization of improvement
    of service delivery in an endeavour to improve the quality of life of our
    people.

  58. That the NEC must further investigate the proposal to "develop and strengthen
    the layer of the public service deployed in the field to maintain direct
    contact with people at their residential places". On the size of legislatures

  59. That the incoming NEC should review the effectiveness of legislatures and
    the size of the legislatures in the light of their roles and functions,
    the functions of members of the National Assembly, delegates of the National
    Council of Provinces and Members of Provincial Legislatures. On the relationship
    between the ANC Constitutional structures and institutions of Governance

  60. That the NEC should review the functioning of current structures to provide
    political direction to cadres deployed in all spheres of governance and to
    ensure accountability. There must a mechanism to review and evaluate the performance
    of deployed ANC cadres.

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT


Noting That:

  1. South Africa's pre-1994 economic growth path was characterised by extremes
    of development and under-development, resulting in the legacy of South Africa
    as a country of two nations. The developed component of this economy has
    enjoyed historic over-investment, which achieved short-term cost competitiveness.
    This however, has been at the expense of the under-developed part of the
    economy, which represents the experiences of the vast majority of South
    Africans, where economic potential has not been enabled and harnessed due
    to backlogs and under-investment in social and productive capital.

  2. The apartheid era left a legacy of social and economic infrastructure that
    is unintegrated, environmentally unsustainable, of poor quality and unequally
    distributed. The interests of white communities, business and security considerations
    influenced infrastructure programmes. There was little or no reference to
    the needs of the poor and rural areas.

  3. A number of problems have emerged in the course of our experience of infrastructure
    development, including:
    • Under-utilization of existing infrastructure
    • Poor coordination in the development of new infrastructure
    • Poor quality of infrastructure provision.
    • Lack of sustainability resulting from lack of adequate operational
      planning and maintenance.
    • Urbanisation, resulting in urban sprawl and the growth in informal
      settlements.
    • Over-utilisation of consultants

AND FURTHER


Noting That:

  1. The ANC-led democratic government has introduced new priorities in infrastructure
    provision since 1994. These emphasized the needs of the poor, rural areas,
    the emergence of South Africa as an important actor in global trade, and
    the introduction of a new reconstruction and development agenda in South
    Africa, the SADC region and Africa as a whole.

  2. These new priorities raised enormous challenges to the way in which infrastructure
    could be provided, would be funded, and should be integrated. We estimated
    an infrastructure investment backlog of R170 billion.

  3. Since 1994 the public sector has accounted for about 30% of gross fixed
    capital formation in South Africa. Of this about 45% came from state owned
    enterprises. The remainder, or about 15% of total fixed capital formation
    came from allocations made by government departments through the budget.

  4. Progress since 1994 shows that:
    • 2.8 million phones have been installed, most of which are in previously
      neglected areas;
    • Over 1.4 million housing subsidies have been allocated and over 1.3
      million houses built;
    • Over 3 million homes have been electrified;
    • We have spent over R18 billion on roads, with 78% of this spent on
      provincial and 22% on national roads; rural roads have been built consistently
      through an array of interventions, including the Community Based Public
      Works Programme;
    • We have also spent over R1.6 billion on rail infrastructure.
    • The Consolidated Municipal Infrastructure Programme has allocated about
      R3.4 billion for sanitation, water, roads, and storm water projects and
      nearly R5 billion has been spent on rural water supply schemes to serve
      over 7 million people.
    • The infrastructure budgets for education and health facilities have
      increased dramatically.
    • A substantial number of jobs have been created through these investments.
  5. South Africa's infrastructure programmes have been internationally recognized
    as amongst the best in the developing world by institutions such as the
    UN and the ILO, amongst others.

  6. Furthermore, significant progress has been made in promoting infrastructure
    investment throughout Africa in pursuit of NEPAD objectives, particularly
    through the investment activities of State Owned Enterprises and the recent
    establishment of the Africa Infrastructure Fund.

  7. Although the basic infrastructure policy is sound, the mechanisms of delivery
    and the visible impact on poverty, on the lives of women, youth, rural communities
    and people living on farms must be accelerated through better integration
    and coordination of infrastructure delivery.

  8. While we still face considerable economic challenges, especially with
    regard to unemployment, we have now begun to reap the benefits of earlier
    economic decisions. A greater resource base for further infrastructure expansion
    is now available to accelerate investment and provision of infrastructure
    across South Africa in an integrated and developmental manner.

  9. However, while greater levels of funding are now available, there is a
    need to significantly enhance the capacity for delivery across all spheres
    of government. Central to this is increasing the capacity of the public
    sector to meet its expanded mandates, while at the same time reducing over-reliance
    on external consultants.

  10. Progress has been made towards the growth and transformation of the construction
    industry, through the establishment of various government agencies and affirmative
    procurement. However, we still face challenges in building a sustainable,
    competitive and transformed construction industry, especially in regard
    to monopolization of the supply side of the industry, which has negative
    effects on the price of materials.

  11. Infrastructure development is conducive to labour intensive and labour-based
    employment.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The National Democratic Revolution challenges us to focus infrastructure
    development towards achieving the integration of our communities through
    spatial development and the ongoing deracialisation of our country. This
    includes bridging the technology, production and infrastructure divide between
    rural and urban areas. It also requires greater coordination and planning
    for infrastructure to support the growth and development strategy implemented
    through all spheres of government.

  2. Infrastructure provision must be understood in a broader context to include
    economic, social, institutional and municipal infrastructure. The implications
    are that funding will be made available for the development for capital
    works, institutional development and processes that capture our heritage.

  3. The input sectors of the economy are of critical importance to building
    upon our global comparative advantage. In particular:
    • The recent growth of the ICT sector present important opportunities
      for economic and social development. Realizing these opportunities requires
      extensive infrastructure investment.
    • The available of low-cost energy has attracted significant investment
      in a number of sectors.
    • Our transport infrastructure has enabled South Africa to realize its
      comparative advantages in the global economy.
  4. We have identified South Africa as a developmental state where its institutions
    and enterprises play an active, leading and participatory role through their
    own initiatives as well as through encouraging workable public-private partnerships
    as a means of combining public and private sector support and resources
    in a targeted development programme.

  5. Sound and accessible infrastructure provides much needed access for people,
    particularly the poor and those in isolated areas or regions, to affordable
    and good quality services, facilities and opportunities. It can also facilitate
    economic growth and diversification, and create favourable conditions for
    improved production and increased consumption;

  6. The 1995 framework agreement between government, business and labour on
    conditions of employment and skills development has provided a foundation
    for an expanded public works programme.

  7. The 50th Conference of the ANC in Mafikeng strengthened the Reconstruction
    and Development Programme's commitment to infrastructure development, including
    that the ANC should develop and implement a minimum programme in line with
    the principles of the National Public Works Programme, which identifies
    specific sectoral programmes.

  8. The Port Elizabeth National General Council of the ANC examined progress
    in the light of experience up until that stage and made specific recommendations
    to improve infrastructure including to improve government planning and funding
    in the context of the Medium Term Expenditure Framework, promoting public
    private partnerships and leveraging private sector investment and facilitating
    black economic empowerment.

  9. There is an important link between infrastructure development and our
    commitments in social transformation towards poverty eradication and meeting
    basic needs, including the provision of housing and other basic services.

  10. The ANC has mandated its branches to become the vanguard of communities
    and agents for change with an important role in mobilizing communities and
    resources for infrastructure development

AND FURTHER BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The key components of a vision for infrastructure in our country include
    the following objectives:
    1. Maintaining and building upon the global comparative advantage created
      by our modern infrastructure.
    2. Supporting the provision of infrastructure throughout our continent
      as a contribution to the regeneration of the African continent in context
      of NEPAD
    3. A dedicated focus on infrastructure development will further reinforce
      the input sector of the economy.
    4. Expanding infrastructure development to all areas of our country and
      ensure equitable access to good infrastructure through a clear infrastructure
      development programme
    5. Eliminating inequalities and disparities in forward planning for infrastructure
      to ensure that resources are equitably used to meet the most critical
      needs first.
    6. Developing common standards for infrastructure development and maintenance
      that are affordable both to government and our people, and which emphasize
      labour intensive methods and technologies.
    7. Providing basic affordable household infrastructure to every household
      at standards defined appropriately for each type of human settlement.
    8. A transformed and competitive construction industry that is able to
      deliver value to society.
    9. A sufficient network of different types of (inter-modal) transport
      infrastructure to support economic development and human settlement development.
    10. High-level maintenance through community development programmes that
      encourage the participation of women, youth and unemployed people.
  2. An integrated infrastructure programme should:
    1. Maximize economic development benefits and improve prospects for long-term
      economic growth by focusing on key input sectors such as energy, transport
      and Information and Communication Technologies as well as employment creation
      in areas where this can be most effectively undertaken;
    2. Ensure the proper balance between economic and social infrastructure;
    3. Support state restructuring and institutional development in order
      to ensure greater competitiveness, foster development on the basis of
      local potential and to facilitate the provision of basic needs throughout
      the country.
    4. Ensure the alignment of budget cycles of municipalities to be in concert
      with the multi-year budgeting cycle of other spheres of government, in
      order to ensure the effective planning and financing of IDP's
    5. Create of a consolidated information management system, to monitor
      quality services and products and formulate appropriate strategies
    6. Promote improved delivery capacity of the public sector and construction
      industry.
    7. Enhance inter-sectoral integration at national government level, intergovernmental
      integration between National, Provincial and Local Government and involve
      sate owned enterprises in delivery
    8. Infrastructure investment must be built upon the principle of co-operative
      governance and joint planning
    9. Establish a framework for monitoring and evaluation, identifying role-players
      and their responsibilities on the basis of clearly identifiable key performance
      areas and project deliverables in relation to cost, quality and socio
      economic outcomes.
  3. Labour-intensive and labour-based infrastructure development can make an
    important contribution towards short-term measures to address unemployment.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC endorses the principle that infrastructure development is a primary
    driver of economic growth and social development.

  2. The focused outcomes of infrastructure development must be:
    1. Job creation poverty eradication and income generation through an Expanded
      Public Works Programme approach, using labour intensive methods of construction,
      development and maintenance;
    2. Building a globally competitive economy, especially through the targeting
      of infrastructure to the input sectors, including ICT, energy and transport;
    3. To promote the sustainable use of all forms of energy including nuclear
      to facilitate economic development and provide basic services. To allow
      for cross subsidies across energy carriers, within and outside the grid,
      to ensure affordability of energy sources to the poor. To promote renewable
      energy;
    4. Building democratic participation in development through amongst others
      ward committees, the social cohesion of communities and removing obstacles
      to effective participation of women, youth, people with disabilities and
      other targeted groups;
    5. Black Economic Empowerment, especially through building the capacity
      of and affirming the participation of small contractors including promoting
      government supported and approved mentoring programmes, and also addressing
      supply sectors and associated professional services. Consideration should
      also be given to the adoption of empowerment charters in infrastructure
      development sectors
    6. A competitive, developmental and transformed construction industry
      and related professional services that deliver value to society and complements
      programmes initiated by all spheres of Government;
    7. Integrated provision of infrastructure to drive rural, urban and human
      settlement development facilitated by an enhanced strategy for land acquisition,
      including of strategically located and developed sites in urban heartlands
      as well as rural areas, through disposal of state land, expropriation
      and addressing constraints to infrastructure provision arising from private
      and communal ownership rights , and the provision of social facilities;
    8. Providing infrastructure, in particular basic social and municipal
      services, through labour intensive methods to maximize job creation and
      skills development;
    9. Facilities in rural areas that address social needs, food security,
      isolation, safety and security and rural economic development including
      tourism and agriculture.
  3. An Integrated Infrastructure Plan must be developed, which incorporates
    and consolidates development plans across all spheres of government, especially
    ensuring alignment with Integrated Development Plans (IDPs) of local government,
    the Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Programme (ISRDP) and the Urban
    Renewal Programme (URP). Such a plan must:
    1. Proceed from a critical assessment of all current programmes with a
      view to strengthening procedures, overcoming institutional and operational
      difficulties in regard to the coordination of government and state owned
      enterprises.
    2. Develop the capacity of people, organisations and systems to ensure
      that the effective management of the delivery and maintenance of infrastructure
      is achieved, with special focus on the planning and operational capacity
      of Municipalities.
    3. Ensure effective integration and coordination across departments and
      amongst all spheres of government.
  4. Government must establish an Inter-Ministerial Committee on infrastructure
    development to:
    • Ensure the appropriate prioritisation of budgets,
    • Ensure the expansion of public service capacity for infrastructure
      development
    • Create an appropriate balance between Government subsidies, Public
      and Private sector investment. Investigate the economic and social impact
      of subsidies
    • Establish a monitoring and evaluation framework for infrastructure
      development, including the standardisation and harmonisation of procurement
      policies and procedures.
    • Oversee the creation and work of a National Coordinating Forum for
      Infrastructure Development to facilitate discussion and implementation
      of an integrated infrastructure plan, based an enhanced public works programme.
    • Ensure the application of labour intensive methods and technologies
      as the basis of infrastructure development and expanded public programme
      planning and implementation
  5. The National Forum must:
    1. Consist of national, provincial and locals spheres of governments, as
      well as relevant State Owned Enterprises.
    2. Consider economic, social, planning and implementation implications
      of adopting the integrated infrastructure plan and draw in other stakeholders.
    3. Develop an infrastructure investment framework to:
      • Facilitate and secure private sector investment through social
        investment programmes,
      • Promote increased investment by financial institutions in infrastructure,
      • Establish new mechanisms for the mobilization of funding for infrastructure
        development
      • Align public sector budgeting, procurement and funding on multi
        year basis,
      • Direct government purchasing power and procurement systems to support
        SMME skills development and investment in infrastructure.
      • Co-ordination and prioritisation of SOE programmes to support strategic
        objectives of NDR and government policies, through mechanisms such
        as shareholder compacts, and
      • Complement government programmes for economic growth and meeting
        basic needs.
  6. The Expanded Public Works Programme must be a major priority and be designed
    to make a significant contribution to reducing unemployment and providing
    livelihoods for the poor, women, youth and people with disabilities. In the
    spirit of the 1995 agreement between labour, business and government, it should
    adopt a differentiated approach to social and economic infrastructure that
    ensures the design of social infrastructure, including all urban and rural
    social facilities, infrastructure for basic household services, amenities
    in residential areas focusing on:
    • Creation of jobs through labour intensive construction and maintenance
    • Creating sustainable assets for the poor
    • Creating income generating opportunities for communities, and
    • Providing opportunities for skills development and training
  7. That economic infrastructure takes into account the economic costs of
    the use, operation and the life cycle costs of the infrastructure in a manner
    that maximizes economic output.

  8. That capacity must be built at all spheres of government (especially at
    local government) to manage implementation, review financing framework for
    Local Government, and promote good governance that is people-centred.

  9. That human resources must be developed in all aspects of the infrastructure
    development programme, including targeted skills development, SMME development,
    learnerships targeting young graduates and unemployed and the education
    and deployment of cadres.

  10. That the Poverty Relief Fund must be used in a targeted way, linking with
    public works programmes, to create short-term employment, using labour intensive
    methods and building community pride and self-reliance.

  11. That the structures of the state must, where appropriate, be redesigned
    and restructured to facilitate infrastructure development.

  12. That budget allocations must take into account infrastructure backlogs,
    maintenance requirements and the need to meet targets set nationally and
    by International agreements for universal access to basic services.

  13. To prioritise infrastructure programmes in support of regional integration
    and the promotion of NEPAD.

  14. That government must establish clear programmes for infrastructure maintenance,
    facilitating access and ownership by our rural and urban communities through
    empowerment of all our people particularly women, youth, people with disabilities
    and the unemployed on a scale sufficient for effective and competitive engagement
    in productive activity. We must also ensure that we mobilise all existing
    capacities for infrastructure development, for instance through Youth Corps,
    cooperatives and under-utilised capacity within the SANDF and other institutions.
    We must also ensure that infrastructure is user friendly to persons living
    with disability and not harmful to the environment.

  15. In the spirit of Letsema, ANC branches should initiate campaigns to support
    and participate in infrastructure development programmes on the part of government.
    ANC structures should also build capacity to monitor these programmes. Our
    branches should also mobilise the community to understand and support the
    rollout of free basic services for the poor, whose success will be dependent
    on a culture of payment for higher levels of consumption.

COMMUNICATIONS


Noting That:

  1. Communications play a major role in deepening our democracy, promoting
    a culture of human rights and as a key pillar in the transformation of our
    country.

  2. Valuable progress has been made in transforming the media and challenging
    the legacy of the apartheid media discourse, but a lot still has to be done.

  3. The media itself faces major challenges with regard to equity, skills development
    and improvement of working conditions.

  4. Media and communications are contested terrains and therefore not neutral,
    but reflect the ideological battles and power relations based on race, class
    and gender in our society and that some sections of the media continue to
    adopt an anti-transformation, anti-ANC stance and are not accountable to
    the general public.

  5. The ANC pays insufficient attention to internal, intra-alliance, civil
    society and external communications and thus the need for an effective media
    and communication strategy for internal and external communication in the
    ANC, including the establishment of structures that will shape and influence
    communications in the country.

  6. The public broadcaster, the SABC, plays a critical role in shaping opinions
    and building societal values, including the moral fibre of our society,
    socio-economic transformation and the building of a united, patriotic nation.

  7. Indigenous languages, provincial and local issues are poorly catered for
    and covered for by the public broadcaster and that deaf people in South
    Africa do not have access to TV programmes

  8. Racism and sexism in the advertising industry still abounds.

  9. The influence of the advertising and marketing industry over the public
    broadcaster's programming undermines the development of local content and
    the usage of African languages.

  10. The potential role of our public broadcaster, particularly SABC Africa,
    in promoting our vision on the African renaissance, the African Union and
    NEPAD, is very large.

AND FURTHER NOTING:

  1. The advances that have been made by government to diversify and expand media
    ownership. But ownership of the media still remains in the hands of the few.
  2. That language plays a crucial role in the task of mobilising our people
    behind the objectives of the NDR.
  3. That ICT continues to be largely inaccessible to the majority of people,
    especially in the rural areas.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Communication and the dissemination of information to our people are central
    to the entire functioning of the ANC and that our communication policies
    and strategies should be guided by the strategy and tactics of our movement.

  2. The ANC needs to challenge, through engagement, the oppositional stances
    adopted by some sections of the media in our country.

  3. The accountability, fairness and the editorial independence of the public
    broadcaster are central to the objective assessment of the gains of the
    NDR.

  4. The role of an objective, developmental and progressive media is critical
    in building a vibrant democracy.

  5. The ANC and government need to consolidate policies that are aimed at
    diversifying media and improving universal access to communication technologies
    and harmonise these policies with education, trade and industry and science
    and technology policies.

  6. Access to information and communication technologies improves the speed
    with which government delivers to the public and generally empowers communities
    to interact with one another and the world at large.

THEREFORE RESOLVE

On Organisational communication

  1. That the ANC should adopt a proactive and consistent media and communication
    strategy to ensure effective and efficient communication, the implementation
    of the strategy should be informed by local conditions, with special attention
    to the Leagues and their constituencies.

  2. To strengthen the communication machinery of the ANC at all levels of
    the organisation, including increasing the number of people working in ANC
    communications.

  3. That the ANC and the government should extend the programme of direct communication
    in order to empower people to become active participants in the building
    of a united, non-racial, non-sexist, and democratic South Africa.

  4. To increase the visibility of the ANC through various forms of media including
    regular mass meetings, people's forums and imbizos and through the effective
    use of parliamentary constituency offices (PCOs) as centres of information
    on government programmes.

  5. To empower ANC cadres to be more vigilant, engage in the battle of ideas
    and be able to articulate and defend the policies of the movement.

  6. That the ANC must invest in the training of its cadres deployed at various
    levels on communication and media skills through the establishment of a
    media institute and the integration of media and communication issues in
    political education.

  7. That the ANC ensures the continuous development of policies that promote
    universal availability of and access to ICT's and ICT-based services, and
    to this end to establish an ICT policy forum of the ANC with a research
    and review mechanism.

  8. That the ANC should develop induction programmes for leadership and cadres
    on public speaking and communications in general, as well as proper distribution
    and dissemination of information including ANC publications at grassroots
    level.

  9. That the ANC should intensify the training of Ministers, MECs, MPs, MPLs
    and Councillors in dealing with the media and communications in general.

  10. That the ANC increases its communication with civil society organisations
    and to use these structures to communicate our messages.

  11. That the ANC must strengthen and improve its communication with alliance
    partners.

  12. That the ANC should continue to engage the media so that it can play a
    constructive role in our democracy and participate meaningfully in the building
    of a national consensus.

  13. That all ANC local, regional and provincial offices must have functional
    Internet, telephone and fax lines that will allow a timeous dissemination
    and distribution of ANC information and publications.

  14. That our own communication should be clear and simple, in languages that
    people understand.

  15. That all ANC structures must utilise radio as an important medium to communicate
    with communities, including community radio stations and community publications,
    to highlight delivery and interact with the public.

  16. That the ANC must urgently develop a cadre policy and consideration should
    be given to the Kabwe cadre policy resolution.

  17. That the ANC must urgently establish a media and communication forum where
    cadres deployed in various sectors can interact and provide regular reports
    on transformation issues.

  18. That the ANC needs to speed up the process of encouraging the emergence
    of media platforms that objectively inform the masses about the ANC's perspectives
    and positions.

  19. That the ANC should enforce discipline at all levels of our structures
    to prevent media leaks and the undermining of internal processes.

  20. That the ANC must give more active leadership to government communications.

  21. That the ANC must pursue the transformation of the advertising and marketing
    industry including the training of previously disadvantaged individuals,
    and engage the industry to support local content and media and the production
    of advertisements that are not degrading to women and people with disabilities.

  22. That the ANC must encourage that curricula for training journalists contain
    progressive political and social content and also to encourage media houses
    to invest in training and improving research capacity of journalists.

  23. That the ANC should ensure that the newsrooms reflect the demography of
    our country, using such instruments as the Employment Equity Act.

  24. That ANC should actively participate in the establishment of independent
    civil society forums to promote accountability and objectivity of the media
    and ensure that public interest issues are being adequately addressed. On
    Government Communications

  25. That government ensures that its reports are clear and simple and distributed
    in a language that people understand.

  26. That government must ensure better integration and coordination of all
    government communications, with the necessary authority to alignment of
    messages, timing and general communication of its policies and programmes.

  27. That there should be continuous engagement with international media and
    agencies in order to profile and promote the image of our country.

  28. That local government and ANC structures should actively promote and assist
    local communities, especially in rural areas, to apply for community radio
    licenses and the establishment of community newspapers taking advantage
    of the opportunities offered through the Media Development and Diversity
    Agency.

  29. That government should increase it's advertising spend on community media.

  30. That government should increase access of the Information and Communication
    and Technology sector to previously disadvantaged communities and encourage
    coordination of existing ICT initiatives such as tele-centres, Multi-Purpose
    Community Centres, as well as raise public awareness on ICT and its impact
    on human development.

  31. That government should promote diverse ownership and control of the country's
    media in all its forms. On Broadcasting

  32. That government should pursue the comprehensive transformation of the public
    broadcaster to reflect the unity and diversity of our people and the needs
    of the democratic society.

  33. That a strong public broadcaster must be built to promote and protect
    all eleven official languages equally through local content programming,
    and to ensure the enforcement of ICASA targets.

  34. That government must move towards establishing a public funded model of
    the public broadcaster characterised by cross-subsidisation, including parastatal
    sponsorship of local content and investment from different departments.

  35. That in order to reduce dependence on advertising, government must increase
    its funding of the public broadcaster.

  36. To take forward the matter of the national youth radio station, provided
    for in the IBA Triple Enquiry Report adopted by the National Assembly.

  37. That the public broadcaster must ensure that it reports and informs the
    public on the work of government, including local and provincial government
    and that it plays its role in promoting social development and economic
    participation.

  38. That the public broadcaster must ensure that its television programmes
    have "Closed Captioning", sign language and other means to cater for deaf
    people;

  39. That dedicated parliamentary radio and TV channels are established to increase
    access to information by people and increase the participation of the masses
    in public debates.

  40. That the public broadcaster should be encouraged to establish alliances
    with other broadcasters within the African continent in furtherance of the
    goals of the African Union and NEPAD.

  41. That the public broadcaster's programming should be sensitive to gender,
    culture and the well being of children.

BENCHMARKING OF THE RESOLUTION ON COMMUNICATIONS

A. Internal Communication Machinery

  • The NEC should develop a media and communication strategy within 6 months
    to guide all ANC structure especially towards the 2004 elections and also
    increase the capacity of the ANC Communications Department to effectively
    perform its functions accordingly.
  • Within 6 months all ANC offices at provincial and regional level should
    be fully equipped and networked with national office for better and improved
    communication.
  • All branches of the ANC should be online within 5 years.

B. Training and Capacity Building

  • The NEC must, before the 2004 elections develop a plan to train and improve
    the capacity of all public representatives including Ministers to deal with
    media and communications in general. Following the elections, similar training
    should occur within one year.
  • There should be an ongoing induction of leadership and cadres on public
    speaking and communications.
  • A mechanism for establishing a media institute must be in place within
    6 months and with regard to the ICT forum and the media and communication
    forum this should be convened within the first 6 months of 2003.
  • Within a year an independent civil society forums should be formed to promote
    accountability and objectivity of the media.

C. External Communication

  • Within five years the NEC should have pursued the establishment of progressive
    media platforms that will objectively inform the masses about ANC perspectives
    and positions.
  • In 3 years the ANC should ensure that the advertising industry must be
    representative and transformed.

D. Government

  • By 2014 all municipal areas must have community radio stations and publications.
  • The MDDA must conduct an audit of all community media by the end of 2003.
  • The IMC and other agencies should be supported to continue improving their
    capacity to promote the image and profile of the country. Annual assessments
    should be conducted to monitor effectiveness of programmes.
  • By 2014, all local communities should have access to information and communication
    technology.
  • Within five years, the South African media landscape should be diverse
    in ownership and control.

E. Broadcasting

  • The publicly funded model for the public broadcaster must be in place by
    2012.
  • Over the next two years a national youth radio station should be established.
  • Within the next three years, the public broadcaster must have closed captioning
    and sign language and other means to communicate with deaf people.
  • A dedicated parliamentary radio and TV channels must be established within
    the next two years
  • Within five years, the public broadcaster must ensure that its programming
    should be mainly local content and sensitive to gender culture and the well-being
    of children.
  • In the next budget, funds should be allocated to establish the regional
    TV stations of the public broadcaster in line with the MTEF.

PEACE AND STABILITY


Noting That:

  1. Our vision is derived from the Freedom Charter, which proclaimed in 1955
    that "There Shall, be Peace and Friendship."

  2. The 50th ANC National Conference in Mafikeng assessed progress in transforming
    the security apparatus of the state and specifically noted that the creation
    of a better life for all includes the safety and security of our citizens.

  3. The National General Council (July 2000) reviewed implementation of various
    resolutions passed on Peace and Stability in the areas of Correctional Services,
    Defence, Justice, Safety and Security, Immigration Intelligence and Governance.

  4. The National General Council reaffirmed the policy framework on peace
    and stability, adopted at our Mafikeng Conference which acknowledged the
    importance of the twin principles of peace and stability for achieving the
    objectives of the NDR; a wider security notion which emphasises the security
    of the people and the non-military dimensions of security and a holistic
    approach to peace, stability, security and development.

  5. The elimination of poverty and unemployment and an improvement in living
    standards will ultimately minimise crime, especially among the youth.

  6. An integrated approach to development that emphasises peace and stability
    in our country and the SADC region. This approach includes improving the
    working conditions of security personnel; improvements in the criminal justice
    system; improved training; intelligence driven investigations led by the
    prosecution services; effective border control; the reduction of prison
    overcrowding through diversion programmes and a decrease in awaiting trial
    prisoners; as well as the transformation of the criminal justice departments
    and the strengthening of intelligence capacity.

  7. The increased responsibilities of intelligence in defending our democracy
    including helping to combat terrorism.

  8. The emergence of new threats globally which require a well-coordinated
    intelligence gathering capacity.

AND FURTHER NOTING:

  1. That the security cluster has made significant progress in bringing about
    peace and stability by way of an effective management of our crime prevention
    strategy which has fostered greater cooperation amongst the security cluster
    departments.

  2. That the prosecuting authority has been restructured and consolidated into
    a single national structure headed by the National Director of Public Prosecutions.

  3. The successes of the South African Police Service, the Intelligence Agencies
    and in particular the Asset Forfeiture Unit and the Directorate of Special
    Operations (Scorpions) in combating criminal activities.

  4. The significant reduction in case backlogs in our courts and the establishment
    of a single, co-ordinated judiciary headed by the Chief Justice.

  5. The severe challenges faced by Correctional Services with overcrowding,
    rehabilitation and corruption.

  6. The ongoing work of the rationalisation and transformation of the SANDF
    and its associated challenges.

  7. The success of our peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance programmes,
    for which the SANDF has received international recognition.

  8. The rejuvenation of the reserve force programmes and ensuring that they
    operate within the framework of the peacekeeping efforts of the SANDF.

  9. The continued efforts to transform the South African Police Service to
    improve service delivery and make it more responsive to the needs of our
    society.

  10. The need for efficient delivery of service by Home Affairs to enhance
    investment and the acquisition of skills and technology and the imperative
    to formulate a coherent migration policy.

19. The urgent need to ensure security for and integrity of the Population Register.

20. The progress made with the transformation and rationalisation of the Civilian Intelligence Agencies.

21. The following challenges in creating conditions for peace and stability:

    • Social mobilization against crime and how to make the CPF's more effective
      and reflective of the entire Integrated Criminal Justice Systems.
    • Community mobilization and stronger government measures to deal with
      rape, domestic violence, abuse of children, women and the elderly.
    • Speed up transformation of the judiciary to ensure representativity,
      access to justice for all, especially rural justice.
    • Mobilise communities for intelligence support.
    • Building the capacity of SANDF by providing it with adequate resources
      in order for it to play an even larger role in peacekeeping and humanitarian
      assistance in Africa and the world.
    • The uneven compliance with government policies at Home affairs especially
      on Gender and Service delivery.
    • The right and freedom of association of all security force.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The policies of the ANC in promoting peace and stability remain sound
    and valid, notwithstanding numerous implementation and monitoring challenges
    and the need for a concrete and measurable implementation strategy to fulfil
    this urgent requirement.

  2. Security forces are an essential and strategic service.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That conference re-affirms the broad approach embodied in the resolutions
    of the 50th National Conference of the ANC in Mafikeng and further affirmed
    by the National General Council in July 2000.

  2. To educate our structures and people on how the integrated Justice System
    works to facilitate easy access to services.

  3. To develop a plan and strategy to identify, deploy and re-deploy our cadres
    to strategic positions in the security cluster, ensuring that measures are
    put in place to monitor the performance and to hold these cadres accountable.

  4. To strengthen civilian oversight over the security departments and to
    strengthen the Secretariats concerned.

  5. To provide a proper legal basis for the transformation of the Safety and
    Security Cluster by passing new legislation in accordance with the 1996
    Constitution.

  6. To ensure that the exercise of the right of association will not compromise
    national security and the integrity of the security forces and services.
    On Defence

  7. That the SANDF continues to fulfil its core functions of protecting the
    sovereignty and the territorial integrity of South Africa, its peacekeeping
    and humanitarian assistance role on the continent and the world, as well
    as support to the SAPS as and when called upon to do so, in aid of the civilian
    power.

  8. That transformation in the SANDF be accelerated in all echelons of the
    force and that training programmes be designed, especially targeting the
    youth, to achieve this.

  9. That urgent attention be paid to the re-skilling, development and integration
    into society of ex-combatants of the liberation struggle, ex- SADF and ex-
    SANDF personnel and veterans and the youth on a multi-pronged basis, involving
    relevant departments and stake holders in civil society. There is a need
    to explore the extension of medical services through the South African Military
    Health Services to members of former liberation forces and to expedite the
    implementation of laws enacted to facilitate access to pensions for NSF
    members.

  10. That government must embark on a program to phase out the Commando Units
    as part of the force design of the SANDF, without compromising the security
    of farming communities.

  11. The ANC must make a full assessment of the demilitarisation and re-integration
    programme of ex-combatants and ensure the implementation of the project
    in an effective and sustainable manner.

  12. To integrate former ex-combatants into the reserve force, and ensure that
    reserve force is representative of the demographics of our country and that
    enough resources are put in place for this programme.

  13. The Service Corps as a national resource, supported by different state
    departments, must be re-engineered into a vehicle for effective demilitarisation
    and re-skilling of former soldiers for effective re-integration into full
    economic and social life of our society. On the South African Police Services
    (SAPS)

  14. To expand the role of the Community Police Fora and the Community Safety
    Fora, to empower them to play a more meaningful part in the safety and security
    of communities and, in accordance with the Mafikeng resolution, encourage
    ANC branches to become more actively involved in these structures and to
    pay attention to their adequate funding.

  15. To establish uniform constitutional regulations for the Community Police
    Forums.

  16. To legislate for the establishment of the Community Safety Forums.

  17. To ensure a more equitable distribution of police resources between the
    townships and the suburbs and between urban and rural areas, including training
    and literacy programmes to upgrade skills of members of the SAPS to effectively
    perform their duties.

  18. To strengthen and speed the process of the regulation of private security
    and intelligence companies.

  19. To intensify campaigns at all levels to reduce crime, especially the proliferation
    of illegal weapons and drugs, corruption and fraudulent activities, the
    abuse of women and children, the elderly and family violence.

  20. To provide a proper legal basis for the transformation of the SAPS by
    putting in place a Safety and Security Act, in replacement of the current
    SAPS Act which is still based on the Interim Constitution.

  21. To urge government to speed up the establishment of a Security and Protection
    Division within SAPS for all government strategic installations. On Correctional
    Services

  22. That the ANC must develop, as a matter of urgency, appropriate policies
    in respect of every aspect of Correctional Services with the central feature
    being the immediate rehabilitation of offenders to re-integrate them into
    society.

  23. That Correctional Services must be adequately resourced to deal with the
    challenges, serious problems and difficulties confronting the department
    and ensure that the necessary steps are taken for the implementation of
    these matters.

  24. That accelerated attention be paid to the rehabilitation, development and
    education of the entire prison community - this could be done through co-ordinated
    departmental programmes, such as adult basic education and training programmes.
    On Intelligence

  25. To promote awareness of the role of intelligence so as to elicit maximum
    cooperation and support from communities.

  26. To commit to the building of well resource intelligence capacity. On Justice

  27. To pay special attention to speeding up legislation to create a grievance
    procedure to deal with complaints against judicial officers.

  28. To expedite the transformation of the Judiciary, to create a more representative,
    competent, sensitive, humane and responsive judiciary.

  29. That crimes against women and children, especially rape, should have priority
    in the criminal justice system especially on the part of investigating and
    prosecution authorities, as well as the consolidation and strengthening
    of our victim empowerment system.

  30. That the early implementation of the Promotion of Equality and Prohibition
    of Unfair Discrimination Act (2000) for the effective campaigns against
    racism in all areas of life and the implementation of all other legislation
    which have a transformation element or agenda. On Home Affairs

  31. To ensure the transformation of the department, in line with our objectives
    to ensure efficient service, the security and the integrity of the Population
    Register.

  32. That the ANC fully develops a coherent immigration policy.

  33. That a more effective national campaign be developed to eliminate corruption
    in all government departments, especially in Home Affairs, Correctional
    Services, South African Police Service and the Department of Justice and
    Constitutional Development.

  34. Home Affairs services be brought closer to where the people reside and
    made more user-friendly.

AND FURTHER RESOLVES THAT:

  1. That government renovates and refurbishes all its buildings that are unused
    for occupation by inmates serving time, as part of Governance programmes
    to reduce prison overcrowding.

  2. That exhaustive profiles should be done of our communities, in terms of
    the economic conditions and the social and other crimes therein, for the
    deployment of members of law enforcements agencies and related departments,
    in the context of Government's crime prevention programme.

  3. That all ANC PEC's should establish peace and stability sub-committees,
    responsible to the PEC, that among other things, will:
    • Coordinate the work of members of the ANC who serve on Community Policing
      Forums
    • Coordinate peace and stability projects, including moral regeneration
      activities,
    • Mobilise our communities to generate intelligence to assist the law
      enforcement agencies in the investigation of crime, and
    • Build and integrate MKMVA structures into ANC programmes.
  4. Parents who neglect their children, thus exposing them to sexual and other
    abuses, should be prosecuted in terms of the existing laws, while the law
    enforcement agencies investigates the crimes in order to bring perpetrators
    to book.

  5. All Criminal Justice Systems structures of government should be aligned
    to the existing municipality boundaries to facilitate delivery and access
    in terms of the Integrated Justice System.

  6. The next five years should be used to consolidate and strengthen municipal
    police at Metro level, with an intention to assign them with additional
    tasks of local public policing.

  7. We commend the security agencies for the successes they have achieved during
    the period under review especially in the recent past in regard to their intelligence
    gathering work, crime prevention investigation and prosecution.

TARGETED GROUPS

Women, youth, children, the elderly and people with disabilities)

Noting That:

  1. Since its formation, the African National Congress and its allies have
    fought for the equality of all sections of South African society irrespective
    of race, sex, culture, religion or physical make up.

  2. Amongst the motive forces, there are sectors of our society who are marginalized,
    disadvantaged or vulnerable because of patriarchy, age or being differently-abled.
    These sectors include women, youth, the elderly, children and people with
    disabilities.

  3. Policy development within the structures of the movement has taken into
    consideration the special needs of these targeted groups.

  4. ANC structures have to be at the forefront of championing transformation
    generally and in the community at large.

  5. The policies of the movement are entrenched in the Constitution and fundamental
    policy documents governing our society at all spheres of government.

  6. There are inconsistencies and lack of coordination in applying government
    policy to targeted groups across the three spheres of government and the
    private sector.

  7. Our protracted struggle for fundamental social transformation requires
    a focus on targeted groups.

  8. There is a need to broaden the consciousness of society in general about
    the challenges facing the targeted groups and provide real opportunities
    for advancing the interests of targeted groups.

  9. There is an uneven development of structures/units dealing with targeted
    groups across spheres of government.

  10. Procurement and tendering practices should favour targeted groups.

  11. There is need to strengthen the progressive structures, build relationships
    and play an active role in promoting peace and stability in SADC;

  12. The present electoral system ensures representation of targeted groups.

  13. In SADC we should set an example in terms of the SADC Declaration which
    states that there should be a greater representation of women in public
    and private sector.

  14. Protracted wars in Africa have the greatest negative impact on the targeted
    groups.

  15. Our country in partnership with other progressive countries should play
    a meaningful role in the establishment of gender machinery in the AU.

  16. All progressive thinking people from various sectors who aspired to see
    South Africa liberated from all forms of oppression have contributed and
    will continue to contribute towards the complete liberation of our society;
    and

  17. There is a need to ensure food security and good nutrition.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. There are specific intervention instruments and programs that have to be
    developed and implemented in order to integrate these sectors into the mainstream
    of social development.

  2. Addressing the specific needs of these groups stands at the centre of our
    effort to build a better life for all. To establish the new South Africa
    as a caring society, the empowerment and affirmation of these groups is
    critical to ensuring a people-centred and people-driven transformation;

  3. A massive education campaign is necessary for targeted groups and broader
    society to make them aware of their fundamental rights as enshrined in the
    constitution of the democratic Republic of South Africa;

  4. The recent developments on the continent such as the adoption of the New
    Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and the World Summit on Sustainable
    Development - creates opportunities to formulate appropriate responses to
    the problems faced by targeted groups on our continent.

  5. There is a need for dedicated structures that address the needs of the
    targeted groups across the spheres of Government.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. ANC structures must ensure the mobilisation of the different targeted
    groups within its ranks, and work with their sectoral organisations and
    NGOs.

  2. Special emphasis should be placed on intensifying education and communication
    campaigns for broader society about the challenges and problems faced by
    the targeted groups.

  3. We must set up and promote cooperatives and other developmental initiatives
    aimed at the targeted groups, including broader economic empowerment through
    measures such as affirmative procurement targets in favour of these groups.

  4. There must be skills development for the targeted groups to benefit from
    tendering and procurement aimed at the economic development of the targeted
    groups.

  5. There is a need to strengthen coordinating, monitoring and performance
    mechanisms and evaluation, across government departments and all three spheres
    of government. In this respect it is the task of the Presidency to continually
    assess levels of integration, and conduct annual reviews on budgeting and
    programmes. This should include key performance indicators and monitoring
    processes to ensure improved, effective and humane service delivery to all
    target groups.

  6. We must accelerate training, literacy programmes and access to education
    for targeted groups.

  7. We should ensure harsher sentences for those who are found guilty of abuse
    of the various targeted groups.

  8. Programmes should be further developed and strengthened to ensure food
    security and good nutrition.

  9. We should ensure the establishment of structures in Mayor's Offices addressing
    the needs of the targeted groups especially at Local Government level.

ON WOMEN


NOTING:

  1. The efforts of the ANC to translate its commitment to non-sexism into
    practice in various government and organizational policies and programs,
    ensuring that the Strategy and Tactics document integrates and mainstreams
    the issues of gender equality and women's emancipation.

  2. That the criminal justice system remains insensitive to the plight of
    abused women and to domestic violence;

  3. That there is a need for consistent action to empower women, particularly
    rural women, with information on polices and legislation with regard to
    their empowerment.

  4. The ANC's 50th National Conference on programmatic aspect of the eradication
    of gender oppression, which included the following:
    • The role of the ANCWL and the need to strengthen it;
    • Introduction of one third quota in all structures of the ANC;
    • Building a broad national women's movement;
    • Strengthening the gender machinery in government;
    • Action against violence women and maintenance violations; and
    • Calling for a review of all discriminatory customs, traditions and
      other practices that are oppressive to women.
  5. Pan African Women's Organisation (PAWO) is a continental organisation that
    should continue to address the plight of women in Africa and it needs to be
    strengthened and transformed.

AND FURTHER Noting That:

  1. Despite the introduction of the one-third quota representation in all structures
    of the organization, there continues to be some resistance to implement
    this decision.

  2. The ANCWL still has the critical challenge to provide leadership to the
    broadest spectrum of South African women.

BELIEVING THAT

  1. The Constitution of our country and our policy framework on gender provides
    a platform to intensify gender transformation at all levels; and

  2. The one-third representation is still not sufficient to address the question
    of gender transformation at all levels.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the ANC should continue to build a strong ANCWL.

  2. To reaffirm the ANC 50th National Conference resolutions focusing on the
    programmatic aspects of the eradication of gender oppression.

  3. To design a comprehensive strategy on our programme to build a non-sexist
    society and provide a guide for the integration of gender in all aspects
    policies and programmes.

  4. That the one third representation of women in all structures of the movement
    should be seen as a minimum, to be progressively increased in order to match
    the demographic profile of SA, coupled with political education and capacity
    building programmes.

  5. That the gender machinery and mechanisms should be strengthened and be
    consistent at all levels of the public and private sectors.

  6. That necessary legislation must be looked at to ensure one-third representation
    of women in all legislatures

  7. That capacity building and skills development be actively pursued through
    the relevant skills development institutions and structures including SETAs.

  8. That the ANC must play a critical role in accelerating efforts to building
    a national women's movement.

  9. That the NEC strengthens disciplinary measures in the ANC to address the
    issues of sexual harassment, abuse and violence against women, children.
    In addition the NEC should establishe a special committee under the National
    Disciplinary Committee composed of gender-sensitive persons to deal with
    such offences.

  10. That the Sexual Offences Act must be finalised as a matter of urgency.

  11. To take forward discussions with a view to effect amendments and changes
    to Customary and religious practices, including laws that govern the right
    to inherit which are inconsistent with the Bill of Rights and other laws
    of our country;

  12. To explore the establishment of a developmental women's fund and strengthen
    initiatives such as the Malibongwe Project to assist with creating an enabling
    environment for those women at the bottom end of the economy.

  13. That PAWO must be transformed and restructured in order to meet the current
    challenges women face on our continent such as those identified within the
    AU and NEPAD. The ANC further reaffirms the decision of our 50th Conference
    to host PAWO and to support the holding of PAWO conference in SA.

  14. Encourage the ANCWL to develop a structured relationship with the Office
    on the Status of Women and the Commission on Gender Equality at national
    and provincial levels, through programme that aims to reduce the impact
    of poverty on rural women based on the principles of sustainability and
    empowerment.

  15. Target specific programmes to bring rural women into the mainstream of
    the economy.

ON YOUTH


Noting That:

  1. The resolutions adopted at the Mafikeng Conference of the ANC with respect
    to youth remain valid and correct.

  2. There has been limited progress with the implementation of these resolutions,
    especially with respect to the National Youth Service programme to address
    the socio-economic challenges.

  3. The youth are still a constituency that is largely unemployed and out
    of school; and are vulnerable to crime, substance abuse and diseases which
    can be as a result of poor lifestyles.

  4. To adequately and comprehensively address the challenges facing youth
    development requires that we strengthen youth institutions such as the National
    Youth Commission, South African Youth Council and the Umsobomvu Youth Fund,
    that we improve co-ordination between these structures and ensure that they
    function as an integrated whole;

  5. Youth development is not fully integrated in most government departments
    and other broader society structures, in particular local government level;

  6. The present education system does not prepare the youth adequately to enter
    the mainstream economy;

  7. There is insufficient access to finance for the youth to establish SMMEs
    and to further their education;

  8. There are problems experienced with unregulated circumcision practices
    and the impact on the health of young people that attend such.

  9. There is a disturbing trend of low participation of Youth in elections,
    especially first-time voters.

  10. The Youth has responded and continues to respond to the HIV/AIDS campaigns

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. The participation of the youth in the political, social and economic life
    of the country is key to strengthening and enhancing the culture of democracy.

  2. Youth must be mobilised to play an active part in the process of reconstruction
    and development.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC should pay urgent attention to the implementation and monitoring
    of youth programs;

  2. The National Youth Service Program must be speedily implemented in order
    to create hope among youth and enhance their employability,

  3. An integrated sustainable youth economic participation strategy be developed
    and implemented urgently to change the situation of the youth in an integrated
    manner for sustainable livelihood;

  4. The ANC must assist NYC and SAYC to fulfil its developmental objectives
    and programmes.

  5. The ANC must ensure enhanced implementation and monitoring of the programs
    adopted with regard to youth employment and skills development and announced
    by the President during the State of the Nation Address,

  6. The proposed legislation on cooperatives should cover the specific needs
    of youth,

  7. The preferential procurement policy must be reformed and amended to benefit
    youth enterprises and links with big business for skills development and
    markets, as well as sufficient access to finance and resources.

  8. The ANCYL must forge relations with progressive youth NGO's.

  9. The South African Aids Youth Programme must be strengthened and provided
    with leadership and be in line with the National Health Policies

  10. The youth intervention on HIV and AIDS must raise awareness and focus
    on prevention, disease management, home-based care, food security and provision
    and support,

  11. We should support the mobilisation of youth volunteers through the Youth
    Service Corps launched by the Progressive Youth Alliance and other similar
    initiatives to encourage young people to do community service.

  12. Capacity must be built for health-workers and caregivers dealing with
    youth health services at youth centres to ensure that they are friendly
    to youth.

  13. The ANCYL should strive to increase the participation of young women in
    politics, sports and recreation and also other spheres of society.

  14. We need to establish programmes that would cater for the youth during
    school holidays such as school camps.

  15. To take the necessary steps to ensure a safe and healthy environment for
    practices such as circumcision, including working with the relevant cultural
    structures, through legislation, regulation and training, with due consideration
    for the health of the youth involved and protecting the sacredness of traditional
    practices.

  16. Encourage the establishment of Youth Desks/Units within all municipalities

  17. Mobilise young people against crime, to volunteer to assist the police
    and to ensure the implementation of a youth justice system that seeks to
    rehabilitate young offenders.

  18. The ANC should develop programmes that address the needs of this sector
    with the Youth League playing a central role

  19. The monitoring of all Youth institutions, especially Umsobomvu Youth Fund
    to ensure the effective utilization of available funds.

ON CHILDREN


Noting That:

  1. Provisions such as free health care and immunization to children under
    the age of 6, have benefited the poor children.

  2. By December 2003 all children eligible for the Child Support Grant should
    have been registered.

  3. There is provision of nutrition programmes to children at primary schools.

  4. Children with disabilities in many cases end up in sheltered projects
    with no meaningful socio-economic opportunities.

  5. There is substantial progress being made to put in place a policy and
    legislative environment to protect and advance the rights of children, such
    as work in progress in the Integrated Child Care and Child Justice Bills,
    and in the provision of early childhood development and affordable, compulsory
    education.

  6. Investigations of the Parliamentary Task team on sexual abuse of children
    are continuing.

  7. South Africa is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

AND FURTHER Noting That:

  1. Children must not be denied access to education on the basis of affordability,
    disability or social conditions.

  2. Improved services provided by the SAPS (Child Protection Unit).

  3. The education system has been deracialised and integrated in particular
    for the benefit of children.

  4. Social disintegration and breakdown of the family, the impact of poverty,
    substance abuse, neglect and HIV/AIDS, are leading to larger numbers of
    children being orphaned or in distress.

BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Child abuse is a scourge in our communities and that domestic violence
    needs to be vigorously combated.

  2. Some parents abuse the child support grant by.

  3. Drug and substance abuse continues to be a major problem in our society,

  4. There needs to be effective utilization of nutrition schemes and projects.

  5. Orphans and children in distress should ideally be provided for by family
    or in their communities, with support from government and other social institutions
    and we should as far as possible move away from institutionalisation.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That the ANC should be a champion for the rights of children, especially
    the girl-child.

  2. That the community must play a role to protect children.

  3. That the ANC must play an active role in civil society structures.

  4. To review the age limit for child support grant to cover children up to
    the age of 14 years.

  5. That people who abuse children must be given harsher sentences and we
    should engage the Department of Justice on the possibility of publishing
    lists ("Shame List") of sexual offenders of children.

  6. That the role played by SGB's in determining schools fees should be reviewed,
    as should the methods of recovery of outstanding school fees, to ensure
    that no child is denied access to a school on the basis of parent's financial
    status.

  7. To ensure that the necessary measures are taken so that children with
    disabilities have access to education facilities

  8. To endorse recommendations from the Parliamentary Task group on sexual
    offences against children, in particular:
    • The shift from curative to preventative measures in the protection
      of children;
    • Strengthening of legislation to protect children, including defining
      sexual abuse as a distinct form of abuse that requires a direct response
      from government and society;
    • Ensuring an integrated response from government agencies working with
      children by considering for inclusion in the new children's legislation
      a basic basket of preventative and protective services that government
      must make available;
    • That the new children's legislation must be clear about the responsibilities
      of certain categories of professionals to report abuse or suspected abuse;
    • Strengthen the criminal justice system to protect children and prevent
      abuse; and
    • Raise community awareness of the effects of abuse on children and the
      services available to assist in the protection of children.
  9. Work with communities, families, cultural and religious institutions to
    protect the rights of children born outside of wedlock.

  10. Strengthen the implementation of the National Plan of Action for Children,
    including the development of provincial and local plans of action.

ON THE ELDERLY


NOTING:

  1. That the ANC has improved the socio-economic situation of the elderly
    in our society by improving their social grants, access to health care facilities
    and protection.

  2. That, nevertheless, the elderly are still vulnerable to all forms of abuse
    and neglect and are taken advantage of by their family members, relatives
    and even public servants. Usually, when such abuses happen, the elderly
    do not know how, where and who to report this to.

  3. Most government funded old-age homes are in former White suburbs and not
    easily accessible to Black communities

  4. The difference in the qualifying pensionable age for men and women,

AND BELIEVING THAT

  1. Bank service fees, to the elderly who choose to use these facilities, are
    a deterrent.

  2. Access to social workers remains a challenge.

  3. Some elderly people are being neglected and abused by family members,
    relatives and those who sometimes pretend to help them, including service
    providers, corrupt officials and micro-lenders.

  4. There is need to explore the establishment of Day-care Centres and Social
    housing villages for the elderly.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC must take a lead in creating a caring environment for the elderly.

  2. Our society must be educated on the rights of and respect for the elderly.

  3. The system that provides poor and inhumane services for the elderly must
    be transformed.

  4. There is a need for the integration of homes for the elderly across racial
    lines.

  5. Communities must be encouraged to speak for the elderly, particularly
    where there are incidences of neglect and abuse.

  6. Elderly applicants for houses and essential services must be prioritised
    and placed ahead in waiting lists.

  7. We should review the retirement age to ensure that the pensionable age
    for female and male is not discriminatory.

  8. The ANC must take the lead in implementing the recommendations contained
    in the Department of Social Development's Report on the Abuse of the Elderly.

  9. We should consider the establishment of Offices of the Elderly within the
    offices of the Presidency and Premiers.

ON PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES


Noting That:

  1. The Integrated Disability National Policy (IDNS) is in place.

  2. The Office on the Status Disabled People (OSDP) has been established in
    the Presidency.

  3. People with disabilities are now receiving state support through disability
    grants.

  4. South Africa is has among the highest number of MP's with disabilities
    in the world, and provides these MP's with necessary support in relation
    to their needs.

  5. We are still faced with the challenge of ensuring greater representation
    and participation of people with disabilities, especially at the level of
    provincial and local governments.

  6. We acknowledge progress made in ensuring accessibility of buildings, especially
    government buildings, to the disabled.

  7. Generally, the public broadcaster is not sensitive to people with disabilities,
    especially the deaf.

AND BELIEVING THAT:

  1. Access to public transport remains wholly inadequate and inaccessible,
    especially in rural areas,

  2. Progress has been made to ensure accessibility of government buildings,
    but more needs to be done

  3. Access to private sector buildings should also be improved.

  4. Lack of employment for people with disabilities remains a serious problem.

  5. Children with disabilities are still discriminated against, particularly
    in schools.

  6. Access to medical devices and assistive technology should be improved.

THEREFORE RESOLVES THAT:

  1. The ANC should continue working with progressive civil society organisation
    such as the DPSA.

  2. We should improve services to people with disabilities, especially in
    the rural areas.

  3. Special consideration must be given to accommodate the people with disabilities
    within poverty reduction and economic empowerment programmes.

  4. We must engage in campaigns that will ensure that all people who qualify
    to benefit from the disability grants are registered and receive their grants.

  5. The ANC must lead a campaign to ensure that the public transport system
    as well as government and public buildings are accessible to people with
    disabilities.

  6. We must ensure the effective integration of disability in all our policies
    and programmes, and the establishment of appropriate structures.

  7. We must advocate for the adoption of a SADC protocol on disability.

  8. Specific programmes must be developed to bring people with disabilities
    into the mainstream of the economy and public life.

  9. The ANC must take steps to increase the number of people with disabilities
    on our candidates lists for the 2004 General Elections.

  10. The ANC must encourage the IEC to work towards the development of a Braille
    Ballot Paper for future elections

  11. We must create an enabling physical and moral environment within the structures
    of the ANC, which encourages people with disabilities to fully participate
    in the political life of the organisation.

  12. The ANC should play a central role in the African Decade for the Disabled.

  13. The ANC must advocate for increased accessibility to medical devices and
    assistive technology

  14. Derogatory names given to sports teams of people with disabilities, such
    as "Amakrokokroko", must be done away with.

BUILDING THE ANC


NOTING:

  1. The continuing relevance of the 1997 National Conference Resolution on Building
    the ANC and the NGC resolution on the ANC as an Agent for Change and Building
    a New Cadre, as well as the important tasks these resolutions set out for
    the ANC,

AND FURTHER NOTING THE CONTINUING CHALLENGES OF:

  1. Sustaining and strengthening the mass character of the ANC.

  2. Ensuring the implementation of our cadre development policy as a means
    of sustaining the revolutionary culture and traditions of the movement among
    new generations of cadres and members.

  3. Enhancing organisational democracy and discipline,

  4. Strengthening the Leagues of the ANC, giving leadership to the struggle
    for women's emancipation and assisting the Youth League in increasing its
    mobilization of youth in all sectors of our society.

  5. Maintaining and enhancing the unity of the Alliance and ensuring that
    the historic relationship continues in the implementation of the important
    tasks of the National Democratic Revolution;

  6. Building a broad movement for national transformation that draws together
    democratic forces in a range of sectors and unites them in this important
    task that is led by the ANC.

  7. Supporting the ANC's efforts to remain the largest mass political movement
    in South Africa.

  8. Achieving an overwhelming and decisive victory in the 2004 and 2005 elections.

AND BELIEVING THAT

  1. The responsibility for transforming South Africa into a non-racial, non-sexist,
    democratic, united and prosperous society remains the primary task of the
    ANC and that the organization must devise effective mechanisms and programmes
    that enhance its ability to achieve this;

  2. ANC structures, particularly branches, are crucial components in the implementation
    of our programme of transformation

  3. The continuing development and implementation of our cadre policy as elaborated
    at the National General Council in 2000 will ensure that members are able
    to carry out the roles and responsibilities that are expected of them.

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. To reaffirm its commitment to further implementing the 1997 Conference
    Resolution on Building the ANC and the NGC resolution on the ANC as an Agent
    for change. On the Mass Character of the ANC

  2. That the ANC Branch remains the primary vehicle for maintaining and enhancing
    the mass based character of the ANC and for the implementation of the campaigns
    and programmes of the ANC.

  3. That Ward Based Branches, as unifying entities of the ANC, have been a
    welcome sign of progress in strengthening the mass character of the ANC.
    Ward based branches are the best form of branch structure despite the problems
    that have been noted by conference.

  4. That the NEC should formulate guidelines and a framework that will assist
    in implementing the sub-branch or unit system in a manner that ensures that
    these structures remain accountable to the branch as the basic unit of the
    organization.

  5. That, in order to carry out the important task of mass mobilisation, branches
    must be provided with resources that will support them in establishing an
    infrastructure to better carry out their work.

  6. That the administrative procedures for the allocation of the branch portion
    of the membership fee must be improved.

  7. That the NEC must urgently review the current implementation of the membership
    system and ensure that membership cards are issued timeously and that the
    procedures do not negatively impact on the ability of branches to recruit
    new members. The system should allow for members to join the organisation
    once and to annually renew membership only through the payment of subscriptions
    and not through application and issuing of new cards.

  8. That cross-boundary areas pose tremendous organizational difficulties for
    branches and should therefore be abolished so that all branches and regions
    in a municipality should fall under one province. On Cadre Development

  9. That a coordinated and coherent programme of cadre development and empowerment
    should be elaborated and implemented for all structures of the organization,
    especially the branches. The programme should begin with the induction of
    new members and executive committees and should include a political history
    of the ANC and the Alliance in order to ensure that all cadres become informed
    and rooted in the culture and traditions of the movement. In this regard
    we note that the induction programmes undertaken since the 1997 National
    Conference have been focusing largely on regional and provincial leadership,
    with little or no impact on branch structures.

  10. That the NEC should provide training material and programmes that will
    ensure practical implementation of the cadre development policy.

  11. That the programme of cadre development should incorporate vital lessons
    drawn from ANC guideline documents such as "ANC as an Agent for Change"
    and "Through the Eye of the Needle".

  12. That all branches should become involved in policy implementation and that
    all elected representatives should be deployed to assist branches in developing
    the ability to monitor implementation and to support communities in accessing
    social services and other benefits of transformative legislation.

  13. That all branch executives should be required to determine annual programmes
    of action that are aligned to national programmes of action and that have
    a local content that supports community development and participation.

  14. That the ANC should intensify political education for the Leagues.

  15. That induction should also be provided for all new members during the period
    of provisional membership On organisational democracy and discipline

  16. That the ANC should ensure that it continues to attract principled and
    committed leaders and members into its ranks.

  17. That all ANC structures should be mindful of the guidelines "Through the
    Eye of the Needle" when identifying and electing leaders of the ANC.

  18. That leaders should be required to be accountable and should understand
    that their primary responsibility is to uphold and advance the interests
    of the people of South Africa and to strengthen the ANC as an organisation.

  19. That any deviations from the established norms of the organization and
    the encouragement of populism, factionalism and division within the ranks
    of the ANC must be dealt with decisively and speedily by the organisation.
    RECs and PECs must be seen to act when branches alert them to problems and
    not allow the development of a belief that there is favouritism or tolerance
    for ill-discipline on the part of certain members.

  20. That all structures of the ANC should operate in a manner that is democratic,
    accountable and transparent. Members of the ANC should experience the democracy
    of the organisation through being active participants in all its deliberations,
    its decisions and activities. Open debate and discussion within the structures
    of the organization must be encouraged and fostered so that all members
    recognize that the culture of democracy within the ANC provides no room
    for ANC members and leaders to engage in criticism outside ANC structures.
    On the Leagues

  21. That the ANC should continue to provide support to the ANCWL in its efforts
    to continue to play a central role in defending and advancing the rights
    of women in the ANC and in society as a whole.

  22. That the ANCWL should pursue and further develop concrete programmes for
    achieving women emancipation and the development of women.

  23. That community-based initiatives of the ANCWL that enhance the eradication
    of gender discrimination and erode poverty must be given priority by the
    ANCWL and support by the ANC.

  24. That the ANCWL should continue its positive role in leading campaigns
    against the abuse of women and children

  25. That the ANC commits all structures to supporting the ANCYL in its important
    work of youth development and reaffirms the ANCYL as a significant part
    of the drive to address the challenges confronting youth in South Africa.

  26. That the ANCYL should be supported by the ANC to strengthen its ability
    as an organ that prepares youth as future cadres of the movement.

  27. That political education programmes should include youth development and
    the gender question.

  28. That all ANC branches must ensure that they assist in the establishment
    of ANCWL and ANCYL structures and provide ongoing support to these structures.

  29. That the ANCYL should be encouraged and assisted in building strong relations
    with SASCO and COSAS and ensure that large numbers of students are drawn
    into its ranks. On the Veterans of the ANC

  30. Conference endorses the policy conference proposal that steps should be
    taken to effectively utilise the veterans of the ANC as a resource for the
    organisation. Branches should also incorporate veterans into their programmes
    and make them a core part of education on the ANC.

  31. Conference resolves that the NEC, PECs and BECs should seek regular reports
    from veterans on their programmes and progress. On the Alliance and the
    Broad Movement for Transformation

  32. That, noting the continuing importance of ensuring a close working relationship
    between the Alliance in pursuit of national transformation, the NEC should
    ensure the implementation of the proposals of the Ekurhuleni Summit, which
    seek to enhance co-ordination between the structures of the Alliance;

  33. That the key tasks of the Alliance are the achievement of the objectives
    of the NDR and the reconstruction and development of South Africa, and that
    the ANC remains the leader of the Alliance;

  34. That the Alliance should develop a coordinated political programme, including
    joint campaigns and political education programmes that will support the
    achievement of the objectives of non-racialism, non-sexism, democracy and
    transformation of South Africa.

  35. That the ANC should develop a programme that will support a process of
    establishing relationships with progressive NGOs and organs of civil society
    in the continuing effort to create a broad front for transformation. ANC
    cadres should actively participate in the civil society structures and utilize
    them as the arena of asserting the hegemony of the ANC.

  36. To reaffirm the important role of SANCO in advancing the objectives of
    people-centred development and that the ANC should, therefore, strengthen
    its relationship with SANCO. On Strengthening the Organisational Design
    of the ANC

  37. That the incoming NEC should conduct a review of the organisational structures
    of the ANC and to oversee the implementation of any innovation that the
    NEC believes will enhance and strengthen the organisation and it's functioning.
    The NEC should report on action taken in this regard to the next NGC.

  38. That the incoming NEC should also develop a detailed implementation strategy
    for the realization of all the 51st National Conference Resolutions.

2004 NATIONAL ELECTIONS


NOTING:

  1. The tremendous success achieved by the ANC in the 1999 and 2000 elections.

  2. The need to ensure that this success is maintained and increased in 2004
    as a means to continue the ongoing programme of transformation

THEREFORE RESOLVES:

  1. That preparations for the elections should begin immediately and that
    the main focus of the ANC in the year 2003 should be to continue and intensify
    Letsema campaign and to deepen the involvement of branches and members in
    ensuring access to service delivery.

  2. That ANC branches should form the core of this mobilisation campaign and
    community engagement in development programmes in the year 2003 and 2004;

  3. That the NEC should provide briefing documents and popular communication
    that highlights achievements of the ANC since 1994 and that indicate the
    progress of transformation in the decade of freedom led by the ANC;

  4. That ANC public representatives should immediately participate in the
    election campaign by leading the process of voter registration and application
    for ID documents. MPs, MPLs and Councillors should link their constituency
    work to the election programme and preparations for intensification of the
    campaign in 2004 and the ANC constituency offices should be utilized effectively
    to execute and implement campaigns.