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50th National Conference: Resolutions - Social Transformation

Infrastructure

Preamble:

Thoroughgoing Reconstruction and Development will be achieved
through the leading and enabling role of the state, a thriving private sector, and the
active involvement by all sectors of civil society which in combination will lead to
sustainable growth and development.

With the adoption of the RDP in 1994, the ANC laid the
foundation for all subsequent government policy. The successful implementation of the RDP
has ushered in new insights, challenges and demands for both our movement and government,
and of society as a whole.

The basic vision of achieving the objectives contained in the
RDP remains valid today because the enormous inequalities that we have addressed since
1994 remain rooted in the structural legacy of the apartheid regime.

Therefore, the developmental role of the state remains key to
infrastructure delivery. In order to overcome poverty and inequality, promote economic
development and employment there must be integrated development planning and
implementation.

Noting that:

  • The continued structural inequities resulting from the
    Apartheid legacy has bestowed a particular pattern of development which entrenches
    segregated cities, overcrowded and impoverished homelands, fragmented and scattered
    settlement patterns, lack of road and transport infrastructure, insufficient access to
    water especially in the rural areas, absence of electricity, non-existent
    telecommunications and information infrastructure as well as inadequate demographic
    information. In financial terms the infrastructural backlog is estimated to be R170
    billion;
  • The ANC has been charged in 1994 with the responsibility of
    transforming the South African society;
  • The adoption of the RDP in 1994 by the ANC provides the
    foundation for the programmes and policies aimed at transforming South Africa and
    improving the life circumstances of all its people;
  • The concrete experiences of the past three years have shown
    that the ANC needs to define infrastructure in the broader sense of the word, thus
    adjusting our approach to delivery and the upgrading of infrastructure and re-examining
    the institutions that regulate, facilitate, finance and monitor delivery;
  • The key area where special measures to create jobs can link to
    building the economy and meeting basic needs is in redressing apartheid-created
    infrastructural disparities.
  • There must be a coordinated national public works programme to
    provide much needed infrastructure, to repair environmental damage, and to link back into,
    expand and contribute to the restructuring of the industrial and agricultural base;
  • Government institutions, such as parastatals, have not been
    effectively accountable to government and the public.

Further noting that:

In the past three years government has undertaken a number of
separate but interdependent infrastructural development programmes. These programmes
include the following :

1. Municipal Infrastructure Programme (MIP)

  • The MIP is aimed at developing the local government's capacity
    to deliver services and promote transformation;
  • the MIP is linked to a major training programme and Project
    Liquidity which is aimed at assisting municipalities to improve their financial management
    systems;
  • the MIP delivers six main type of infrastructure, namely
    water, sanitation, roads, refuse removal, electricity, and community health facilities;
  • these services are delivered in both the rural and urban
    areas.

2. Housing provision

  • Housing is delivered mainly through a subsidy regime system;
    after initially experiencing delivery bottlenecks, delivery has picked up substantially to
    the extent that 400 000 subsidies have been allocated to the beneficiaries;
  • Different tenure options are available to beneficiaries,
    including special tenure provisions for people in the rural areas living on tribal land;
  • The absence of rental housing is being addressed with the
    adoption of the rental policy by the housing ministry;
  • A policy around the provision of housing for vulnerable groups
    is still being developed; Some housing product units are seldom acceptable to communities
    in terms of size, quality and level of services;
  • There is insufficient delivery in the rural areas and in well
    located areas of cities and towns.

3. Electrification

  • The centrality of electricity in the infrastructure delivery
    strategy, especially in rural areas;
  • electrical connectivity is being impeded by, amongst other
    things obtaining financial resources, allocating these financial resources to appropriate
    projects, and ensuring that capable utilities are in place to implement the programme.

4. Telecommunication and information infrastructure

  • The significant steps taken to broaden the service areas
    incorporating especially schools, clinics and community centres;
  • The advances in technology, using lines of sight rather than
    telegraph lines have ensured an appropriate and affordable alternative to delivery of
    infrastructure;
  • Information technology and the use of modern systems, such as
    the Internet and other sources are important tools in the development of our country;
  • The marked improvement in Telecommunication delivery to
    previously disadvantaged areas, for example since 1994, close to 800 000 lines had been
    rolled out.

5. Water Supply

  • The RDP enjoins the ANC-led government to adopt a
    developmental approach to the management and use of water resources so as to meet the
    basic human needs of both rural and urban communities, support urban industrial mining
    power generation and agricultural activity;
  • The unparalleled success of the community water and sanitation
    services programme, which is delivering services to millions of previously unaccommodated
    people;
  • The provision of water is closely linked to the development of
    skills and capacity at local level, as one of the competencies of local authority;
  • The national water conservation campaign includes educational
    and promotional activities to raise consciousness about the value of water resources.

6. Transport

  • Transport infrastructure plays a central role in stimulating
    investment, economic activity and providing jobs;
  • Transport infrastructure can, in the urban context, integrate
    segregated communities;
  • In the rural context, prioritisation by government at national
    and provincial level for the delivery of road infrastructure will open access to remote
    areas for economic activity such as farming, tourism and the supply of goods and services;
  • Concomitantly, access to schools, clinics, police stations and
    other relevant amenities including development centres will improve the life circumstances
    of many rural communities;
  • at the same time, initiatives such as the Maputo corridor can
    stimulate the economy of both South Africa and the Southern African region.
  • Thousands of kilometers of social roads remain untarred.

7. Public Works

  • We have inherited an economy totally unable to generate the
    growth rates needed for sustainable job creation as well as substantial measures for
    poverty reduction;
  • The National Public Works Programme aims to reduce
    unemployment through the creation of productive jobs;
  • In the last three years there has been minimal roll out in
    terms of national public works programmes;
  • The inherited regulatory regime for the construction industry
    is totally unsuited to the present situation where accelerated delivery of material
    development is required, whilst the construction industry provides fundamental
    infrastructure integral to development;
  • The community based public works programme is immediately
    aimed at alleviating poverty and creating short-term jobs through delivery of much needed
    community assets that go a long way in the fight against poverty and providing skills and
    capacity building programmes for disadvantaged communities.

8. Clinic and School Building Programmes.

  • Both the Department of Health and Education have made
    tremendous strides in providing clinics and schools especially in those areas previously
    excluded. These programmes should be intensified.

Believing that:

  • The economic policy must be dynamic and evolve to meet the
    overall growth, development and redistribution challenges;
  • The definition of infrastructure delivery include inter alia,
    infrastructure funded by public, private and or public private partnerships;
  • Infrastructure delivery must play a central role in the
    consolidation of the ANC's social base.

This Conference resolves that:

1. Minimum Programme

  • The ANC should develop a visible and implementable minimum
    programme, in line with the principles of the National Public Works Programme; which
    identifies specific sectoral programmes amongst others: electricity, roads rehabilitation,
    telecommunications, health, education and welfare facilities, public transport facilities,
    school building programmes, water provision and housing

2. Integrated development planning

  • The ANC must ensure that there is integrated development
    planning and implementation, at all levels of the movement and government

3. Overall Coordination

  • An integrated committee on infrastructure as a full
    subcommittee of the NEC is established; The brief and composition of the committee should
    be defined and clarified by the incoming NEC. In particular this committee should ensure
    that the ANC continuously:
    • assesses its different policies and how they impact on each
      other;
    • develop policy and monitors the effectiveness of the
      implementation strategies.

4. Existing Development programmes

  • There be effective coordination of resources and programmes
    directed at infrastructure;
  • There be closer inter-ministerial direction of
    inter-departmental planning, programming and implementation;
  • This coordination be reflected at all levels of governance, as
    well as at an inter-governmental level.

5. Role of government institutions

  • Appropriate institutional arrangements be found and
    established to regulate the role and functions of government institutions;
  • Where necessary, legislation is amended and or repealed to
    facilitate the refocus of government institutions' priorities in relation to the delivery
    of basic infrastructure;
  • The ANC-led government communicate government institutional
    delivery success as part of ANC government commitment to delivery.

6. Land-use policies

The government must:

  • develop land policies that are in line with the spatial
    development and planning;
  • speed up the delivery of houses by developing a special land
    price for low cost housing;
  • review the existing land reform programmes in order to include
    and prioritise an infra structure delivery strategy.

7. Effective Communication Strategy for Delivery

  • The ANC led government adopt a communication strategy to
    highlight on a continuous basis government delivery successes, as part of the ANC
    commitment to delivery;
  • The constitutional provision of communication units to be
    reinforced with a specific focus on effectively communicating existing successes to
    address distorted perceptions around infrastructure delivery;
  • Communications at all levels of government to be enhanced to
    avoid unnecessary bottlenecks in order to strengthen the sustainable progress that is
    already under way.

8. Standards for Infrastructure delivery

  • The ANC clearly and explicitly defines the elements of a
    minimum standards policy guiding our strategy for delivery, for example, in terms of
    housing, the quality and size of top structures and services.

9. Tenure options

  • An endeavour be made to ensure that tenure provisions and
    procedures do not create unnecessary bottlenecks;
  • Alternative tenure procedures, such as rental housing, be
    incorporated in the existing tenure provisions.

10. Funding

  • The budget allocation be realigned to prioritise the needs of
    infrastructure development, economic growth and employment creation programmes;
  • The ANC exhaust all avenues and adopt the principle of
    public/private partnerships to acquire the necessary funding to facilitate speedy
    delivery.
  • Various options for appropriate tax rebates be explored to
    encourage participation in infra-structure provision.

11. Rural Delivery Strategies

  • As a matter of urgency develop an integrated rural development
    strategy;
  • The importance of infrastructure delivery in rural areas be
    reinforced;
  • The delivery capacity of local government structures in rural
    areas be augmented;
  • Traditional authorities as a key component to delivery
    programmes in rural areas be engaged as part of an integrated delivery strategy.

12. Empowerment and Job Creation

  • The commitment of the ANC in providing infrastructure to
    previously disadvantaged communities and areas be reaffirmed, especially in the rural
    areas of our country where poverty is most stark;
  • The support for small, medium and micro enterprises, Community
    Based Organisations (CBOs) and Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) be reaffirmed in the
    context of the affirmative procurement policy of the government;
  • The process of the provision of the infrastructure delivery,
    the principles of the RDP and the National Public Works Programme must be assessed as
    vehicles of job creation within the construction industry, and are adhered to at all
    stages of the infrastructure delivery process;
  • Human resource development in both public and private sectors
    be reaffirmed as an integral part of empowerment and job creation.
  • The people-centred development approach in all delivery of
    infrastructure be reaffirmed and encourage sweat equity.

Science and Technology

Noting:

  • The important contribution that science and technology can
    make towards human resource development, the quality of life, and economic development and
    transformation;
  • Noting further the necessity for raising public awareness on
    the importance of science and technology and the government's initiative in declaring 1998
    as the year of "Science and Technology", which launches a five year public
    awareness campaign in Science and Technology.

We resolve to:

  • Support the government's campaign for public awareness of
    Science and Technology;
  • Call on government to ensure that programmes, and the broader
    efforts to restructure the country's science and technology infrastructure, benefit the
    poor and rural areas;
  • Encourage the private sector to support the development of
    science and technology; Ensure that the campaign is also linked to the education campaign
    to build a culture of learning, teaching and service;
  • Call on the ANC policy department to establish a monitoring
    mechanism to measure the impact of the campaign and that the NEC receive annual reviews of
    the campaign.

Arts and Culture

Noting that:

  • The Department of Arts, Culture Science and Technology has
    developed a comprehensive national policy on arts and culture.

Believing that:

  • Arts and culture can play a crucial role in nation-building,
    reconciliation and the development of a new national identity and ethos reflective of our
    new democracy;
  • Arts and culture play a pivotal role in the moral renewal of
    our society;
  • Arts and culture has the potential to make a significant
    contribution to economic development and job creation.

We therefore resolve that the ANC should:

  • Support the government's efforts to correct the distortions
    and imbalances in our heritage landscape through the creation of new monuments, museums,
    the naming of places, and generally affirming the neglected history and culture of the
    majority of South Africans;
  • Support government efforts to encourage, promote and support
    all cultural activities that celebrate the rich and diverse cultural heritage of all South
    Africans;
  • Support the government's efforts to establish viable and
    sustainable cultural industries; the development of cultural tourism; and the support of
    cultural practitioners, and especially for the benefit of the urban and rural poor;
  • Encourage the private sector to support the development of
    arts and culture;
  • Support, at all levels, the government's efforts to implement
    policies that relate to arts, culture, science and technology.

Youth Development

Noting:

  1. That youth constitute a large proportion of the South African
    population;
  2. That the youth constitute the most energetic, creative and
    resourceful sector of our society;
  3. That the South African youth still faces many challenges and
    problems which are unique to them as a sector;
  4. That a large sector of the country's youth population still
    have to deal with the legacies of apartheid;
  5. The disadvantages faced by young women, rural youth and youth
    with physical and other disabilities;

Further noting:

  1. The progress made in implementing the 1994 National Conference
    Resolution on youth;
  2. Strides being made by government to formulate a strategy of
    addressing the special needs of our youth, through amongst other things, the creation of
    National and Provincial Youth Commissions whose main tasks are the formulation of a
    national youth policy and monitoring its implementation; and
  3. Recognising the ongoing work of the ANC Youth League to
    champion the interests of the youth within the ANC and society at large and also working
    alongside other progressive NGOs in lobbying and advocating for youth development work to
    be placed high on the national agenda.

Believing that:

  1. The South African youth have an important role to play in the
    fundamental social and economic transformation of our society;
  2. The country has a responsibility to develop its youth so that
    they can reach their full potential to contribute meaningfully in the reconstruction and
    development of our country;
  3. The youth have a duty to promote patriotism, reconciliation,
    and a common South African identity;
  4. The youth have a democratic obligation to participate in the
    political, social, and economic life of the country, to combat discrimination and racism
    and to promote democratic values;
  5. The youth have an obligation to acquire skills and play a
    productive role in the economic reconstruction of our country.

Further believing that:

  1. Our youth have an active role to play in shaping foreign
    policy;
  2. There is a need for South African youth to foster relations
    with youth in the Southern African region, the African continent and the world in a spirit
    of friendship, cooperation and solidarity;

This National Conference resolves to:

  1. Call upon the ANC led government to pass the enactment of the
    National Youth Development Policy as a matter of urgency;
  2. Urge government to increase the capacity of the National Youth
    Commission so that it carries out its work effectively as laid down in the National Youth
    Commission Act;
  3. Urge the government as part of its work towards the National
    Jobs Summit, to investigate issues relating to the alleviation of youth unemployment and
    explore the possibility of establishing a national youth service programme.

Further resolves to:

  1. Promote work done by the organs of civil society engaged in
    youth development work;
  2. Engage the private sector to make contributions to youth
    development work;
  3. Call on government to promote and support the work of the
    youth organs of civil society such as the South African Youth Council;
  4. Urge the government to create an enabling role for the country
    youth to engage in the work of SADC, the OAU, the Commonwealth, Non-Aligned Movement and
    the United Nations' Youth Unit.

National Youth Service Programme
for South Africa

Noting that:

  1. Apartheid has produced a society of young people who lack
    adequate skills and experience, contributing to high levels of youth unemployment;
  2. The levels of unemployment among particularly black graduates.

Believing that:

  1. The ANC needs to lead the South African society in creating a
    tradition of service and an ethos of hard work among the youth;
  2. Youth development should promote effective participation of
    young people in reconstruction and development;
  3. Recognising the ongoing work of the National Youth Commission
    in developing sustainable youth policy within government.

We therefore resolve:

  1. The ANC-led government should spearhead the creation of a
    national youth service programme for South Africa. Such a youth programme should strive
    to:
    • Assist out of school and unemployed young people and graduates
      to acquire experience and skills to contribute towards their integration into the
      productive economy;
    • Encourage a culture of service among youth;
    • Induce a sense of national pride and patriotism;
    • Encourage a work ethic among young people.
  2. Such a national youth service programme be made and adopted as
    a Presidential Lead Project;
  3. To call on all young people to support such a programme;
  4. Endorse the work of the National Youth Commission on National
    Youth Service.

Aids Insurance Industry

Noting that:

  • The insurance industry has a policy of denying coverage to
    those who are infected;
  • The same insurance companies remove people with Aids from
    coverage by pension/ provident funds;
  • Certain employers engage in pre-employment testing of workers;
  • These practices arise from a prejudiced view towards people
    with Aids/HIV.

Resolves to:

  • Launch a campaign together with our Alliance partners and the
    broader community to ensure coverage by insurance companies in individual policies or in
    pension/provident funds;
  • Campaign for medical aid schemes to provide health cover and
    hospital fees for those infected with Aids;
  • Oppose the practice by employers of preemployment testing;
  • Raise awareness and remove prejudices against people with HIV
    and Aids.

HIV/Aids

This Conference, noting:

  1. The shocking reports on the prevalence of HIV/Aids in South
    Africa;
  2. That over 2 million of South Africa's popula tion are HIV
    positive, which constitutes 10% of HIV infection in Sub Saharan Africa;
  3. That HIV/Aids is linked to the poor socio-economic status of
    our communities, in particular poverty, lack of decent housing and unemployment;
  4. That secrecy, ignorance and myths about the disease contribute
    to its spread.

Further noting that:

The Aids epidemic will massively impact on the economy, will
impact socially with more orphans and the loss of breadwinners, and on the health service
with additional new users.

Conference hereby resolves:

  1. That the ANC at all levels supports the efforts and programmes
    of government for the prevention of the spread of the disease, particularly the life
    skills training programme aimed at schools;
  2. That the ANC as an organisation designs and leads a programme
    on AIDS awareness which includes spreading correct information about the disease, training
    of counsellors among our members, and helping to overcome stigmatisation about the
    disease;
  3. That such a campaign be led by the President of our
    organisation who must direct that the NEC, Branches, the Youth League, the Women's League
    throughout our Provinces to place the campaign against Aids on their day to day agendas;
  4. The Alliance in general and Cosatu in particular participate
    in this campaign;
  5. The message about Aids awareness be included in political
    speeches of our entire leadership, with a pledge to fight the disease;
  6. The ANC co-operates with all organisations, groups,
    individuals, and agencies engaged in the campaign;
  7. To work against the stigmatisation and discrimination of
    people with HIV/Aids in all spheres of life;
  8. The ANC supports the cabinet decision on notification to
    partners and family, as well as the anonymous notification of HIV positive status for
    statistical and planning purposes.

Disability

Noting:

  • Our commitment to integrating disabled people into the broad
    South African society;
  • Our support for the comprehensive White Paper on Disability
    which seeks to ensure the full integration and empowerment of disabled people into South
    African society;
  • That disabled people form approximately 8,5% of South African
    society;
  • Further noting that approximately 2% of the total South
    African population receives a disability grant, which is much lower than the percentage of
    disabled people.

Resolves:

  • That a special recognition should be given on the
    implementation of this policy to rural disabled women and children, ensuring that there is
    full access to facilities, infrastructure, jobs and services, especially education and
    training;
  • There is a need for a review of the disability grant with a
    special focus on the impact of the Aids pandemic on this grant.

Child Support Grant

Noting that:

  • The State Maintenance Grant, which was a grant covering
    children and facilites, is being abolished as from 19 December 1997 with the gazetting of
    the Welfare Laws Amendment Bill;
  • The State Maintenance Grant reached a small percentage of
    children and was not sustainable or equitable;
  • A child support benefit which will replace the smg, will
    target 48% of the poorest children in South Africa, which is 3 million children over five
    years.

Resolves that:

  • The child support grant is redistributive, equitable,
    non-discriminatory with a particular focus on the following child;
  • As the ANC we must endorse the need for parental
    responsibility and hence call for the urgent enactment of the Private Maintenance Bill
    which will ensure that parents, especially fathers, meet their obligation to maintain
    their children;
  • This is part of the ANC's commitment to rebuild the moral
    fibre of society, by ensuring the meeting of parental obligations;
  • The state must step in where parents, due to socio-economic
    conditions, cannot meet their financial obligations in so far as it affects newborn
    children;
  • The child support grant must be seen as part of the broad
    social service package of government. Hence the need for a more integrated response by
    various government departments.

Safety and security of the
aged

Noting that:

  • There is a growing population of eldery people in the South
    African society;
  • Grants for elderly people constitute about 80% of all grants
    issued to beneficiaries.

Resolves that:

  • Society must affirm ageing as an integral part of the life
    cycle;
  • We must reflect once again the practise of Ubuntu by affirming
    the role of elderly people in society;
  • We must prevent the abuse of elderly people by families and
    communities;
  • Furthermore, government must consider programmes and
    facilities for the elderly, including securing them against crime.

Human resource provision in
health

This Conference, noting:

  1. The historical imbalances in the distribution of health
    personnel between different provinces, between urban and rural areas and in impoverished
    communities;
  2. The general racial imbalances in the intake of students at
    medical schools, perpetuated by language policies, the lack of financial support, the
    uneven availability of academic support etc; and
  3. The loss of South African doctors to the overseas markets, in
    many cases just after graduation.

Further noting:

  1. The success in the deployment of the Cuban doctors in areas
    which previously have not had doctors;
  2. The impending introduction of community service for newly
    qualified doctors and its explicit support by doctors and even dentists from disadvantaged
    communities; and
  3. The need to fast-track the intake of Black students into
    medical schools.

Hereby resolves to:

  1. Continue the use of Cuban, and other foreign doctors, where
    this does not adversely affect the health system of the countries of their origin;
  2. Defend the use of Cuban doctors against those who seek to
    discredit them;
  3. Support the Ministry in the introduction of community service
    for newly qualified doctors and even during training to encourage and promote a spirit of
    service to the community;
  4. Support the Government in its efforts to encourage medical
    schools to become more representative and to overcome the historical racial imbalances;
  5. Recommend community service for other relevant government
    departments in order to alleviate the critical shortages they experience in human
    resources; and
  6. Promote a positive work ethic, ethos of caring, compassionate
    care and service excellence among all professional health workers.

Health care delivery

This Conference, noting:

  1. The important strides made in the transformation of our health
    system based on the primary health care approach;
  2. The substantial investment in the building of a primary health
    care infrastructure especially through the clinic-building and upgrading programme which
    locates health in poor communities in both rural and urban areas;
  3. The successful implementation and the positive results of the
    free health care programme and its real effect on the redistribution of health resources;
  4. The improvements in various areas of health such as the
    provision of assistive devices for the disabled, the removal of cataracts and the
    restoration of sight, the improvement of the nutritional status particularly of children,
    the decrease in the incidence of complications at birth through good antenatal care, and
    the prevention of serious illness through early interventions and tackling health problems
    such as HIV and TB.
  5. The ongoing efforts by the government to address other key
    issues such as the unavailability and redistribution of health workers, the pricing system
    of medicines, the finalisation of implementation in the district health system, the social
    health insurance, rationalisation, rehabilitation and appropriate resourcing of our
    hospital system; and
  6. The under-utilisation of valuable resources of the South
    African military medical services.

Conference hereby resolves to:

  1. Acknowledge and appreciate the efforts undertaken to uplift
    the health status of our people;
  2. Mobilise our structures and our communities in support of
    affordable medicines and the location of health workers in poor, rural and urban
    communities;
  3. Look into the integration of the South African military
    medical services into the public health services for the benefit of the public at large.

National health insurance
system

This Conference, noting:

  1. The increasing cost of health care services;
  2. The increasing incidence of misuse and mismanagement of funds
    in the medical aids schemes;
  3. The financial challenges faced by these schemes; and
  4. The consequent declining accessibility to health care through
    such schemes.

And further noting:

  1. The work by the government towards the introduction of a
    national health insurance system; and
  2. The need for the public health system to generate revenue in
    order to bring financial relief to provincial health departments.

Therefore resolves that:

  1. Government finds urgent answers to the outstanding, unresolved
    issues in relation to the social health insurance system so that it can be speedily
    implemented;
  2. Government provides urgent legislation to regulate the
    functioning of the medical aid schemes; and
  3. Government explores the potential for public-private
    co-operation in the provision of health care.

Tobacco, alcohol and substance abuse

This Conference, noting:

  1. The sterling work done by the department of health in making
    communities aware of the health and social hazards associated with tobacco and smoking;
  2. The serious effect of alcohol and other substance abuse on:
    family and social life, the health system by creating an unnecessary burden on the
    financial and human resources, the economy of the country;
  3. The increase in the availability of harmful drugs and the
    consequent demands made on the health and criminal justice systems.

Conference hereby resolves to:

  1. Commend government on creating greater awareness on the health
    and social hazards of smoking and the abuse of alcohol and drugs;
  2. Support initiatives aimed at curtailing the availability of
    drugs and discouraging smoking and abuse of alcohol;
  3. Support rehabilitation programmes for victims of such abuse
    with a view to reintegration into society; 4. Promote a healthy life style by supporting
    anti-smoking campaigns and to declare all ANC and government buildings to be smoke free
    zones; and
  4. Urge all ANC structures and alliance partners to participate
    in and lead the campaigns against substance abuse.

Non-governmental
organisations

Noting that:

  • The involvement of civil society and its organisations in the
    process of governance is an important pillar of our work;
  • NGOs and CBOs are not a homogenous grouping.

Believing that:

  • NGOs must derive their legitimacy and mandate from the mass
    base of communities they serve;
  • Accountability to funders should not replace accountability to
    their constituency;
  • NGOs need to creatively look at their roles in relation to
    representative democracy as complimentary in terms of their specific strengths.

Resolves to:

  • Investigate partnership between government and NGOs in
    relation to service delivery around particular programmes and projects;
  • Support the enabling legislation adopted by government
    allowing NGOs and CBOs to thrive.

Poverty

Noting:

  • That poverty is the single greatest burden of South Africa's
    people, and is the direct result of the apartheid system and the grossly skewed nature of
    business and industrial development which accompanied it;
  • The commitment of the ANC to "attacking poverty and
    deprivation as the first priority of the democratic government";
  • Poverty is geographically and gender based, hence a larger
    percentage of rural and periurban people and particularly women are poor.

Resolves that:

  • Economic growth and human development are linked and should
    have the aim of achieving sustainable improvements in the quality of life of all South
    Africans;
  • Capabilities of disadvantaged communities, households and
    individuals need to be improved by enhancing access to both physical and social
    infrastructure; Inefficiencies in markets, institutions, spatial structure and delivery
    mechanisms that prejudice those who are underprivileged should be identified and removed
    to ensure that the macro-economic conditions support sustainable growth and reduces
    vulnerability of the poor;
  • The ANC must ensure that a more assertive role is played by
    government in facilitating the process of reviewing priorities of services and resources,
    and a commitment to the delivery of social infrastructure and services to complement these
    efforts; The collection of social, economic and demographic information for the purposes
    of monitoring the extent and nature of change is a priority in order to ensure that the
    reduction of poverty and inequality be managed on a sustainable basis;
  • Redressing poverty and inequality must be a central focus of
    the ANC to ensure that government and other sectors of society meet the basic needs of the
    underprivileged in our country.

Comprehensive social security
system

Noting that:

  • The government inherited a system of Social Security which was
    fragmented, uncoordinated and based on past NP policies of discrimination, inequality and
    inaccessibility to beneficiaries;
  • The ANC is committed to the provision of a comprehensive
    social security system which is based on the needs of our people, is affordable, fair and
    just as outlined in the RDP, the White Paper on Social Welfare and the Constitution of the
    country;
  • The Alliance and the government have broad proposals on a
    number of these areas (social security system, retirement fund, public housing, public
    transport and the national health system).

Resolves:

  • To acknowledge and support the present process in government
    to transform the social security system into a coordinated and comprehensive policy;
  • To support the development of a comprehensive social security
    system, including contributive and non contributive systems of social security, which
    takes into account all those who are engaged in full economic activities.
  • To support the proposal for a National Health Insurance which
    should form part of the national social security system;
  • To continue with research to scrutinise the form,
    organisation, delivery mechanism and financing of these elements of a social wage, as well
    as the level (amount) and the coverage (means-tested otherwise) of the population;
  • To call on all workers and employers to support and join hands
    with the ANC, in the financing of such issues as health care, social insurance and the
    payment of the social wage;
  • To call on all our members and the public to accept the
    principle that those who are employed make a contribution that should be to the benefit of
    all citizens and the need to continue the reform of the health system so as to improve the
    quality of the Public Health Care System;
  • To call on the broader democratic movement to develop steps
    including monitoring by the ANC and Alliance structures of delivery of social issues, to
    arrest and prosecute those who are engaged in fraud, theft and corruption;
  • That the ANC look at how it can involve the informal sector
    and to avoid abuse in this system; To ensure that those who are employed in sensitive
    areas in the public sector are committed to the NDR, and that they should be guided by the
    broad policies for social transformation.

Special pensions

Noting:

  1. Problems in the processing of:
    • applications,
    • qualifying beneficiaries;
  2. Many potentially qualifying persons have missed the cut-off
    date of 1 December 1997 due to an absence of information and infrastructure in terms of
    their location in rural areas.

Resolves:

  1. To request the relevant government ministries to investigate
    the possibility of shifting the deadline to 31 March 1998;
  2. That the ANC Constitutional Structures mount a drive to
    identify and assist with applications from ANC/MK members who qualify for the special
    pensions;
  3. That the ANC look into the issue of people who fall outside of
    the criteria.

Training for developmental social
welfare

Noting that:

  • The RDP and other policy documents of the ANC and Alliance
    advocate a developmental approach to poverty relief and the delivery of services to
    children, youth, families and communities;
  • The training and education of social workers and other
    personnel in this field is generally based on a pathology model and on individual work,
    and not on a developmental community-based approach. This existing model is extremely
    expensive and not necessarily effective in the development of communities, families and
    individuals;
  • The training for youth workers, child and youth care workers,
    community workers and probation officers have not been sufficiently developed.

Therefore resolve:

To call on training institutions and government to:

  • Develop appropriate training for child and youth care workers,
    youth workers, community workers and probation officers, which ensures the necessary
    knowledge and skill within a developmental approach;
  • Set up additional training for practising child and youth care
    workers, youth workers, community workers and probation officers to facilitate the
    transformation towards a developmental approach to service delivery, and towards the full
    transformation of the child and youth care system;
  • Ensure a link between social security, welfare services and
    social development; Draw on indigenous models and experience to develop homegrown models
    which will inform a South African appropriate developmental welfare approach;
  • Review the curriculum for the training of social workers and
    to ensure skilling and orientation towards developmental social welfare;
  • Set up additional training facilities for practising social
    workers for a developmental approach to service delivery.

Free and Compulsory Education

Noting:

  • Our commitment in the RDP to provide free and compulsory
    education to all for the first ten years of schooling;
  • The advice given to the Ministry of Education by the Hunter
    Committee and international education economists, namely that the vastness of the gap
    between the rich and the poor do not make it advisable to implement this policy fully at
    this stage as this might have negative effects on the quality of public schooling;
  • That nevertheless, the Ministry has developed norms and
    standards for the exemption of poor parents from an obligation to pay fees as a first step
    in the implementation of this policy position, and that the Schools Act prohibits the
    exclusion of children on the basis of their parents' inability to pay;
  • The over-expenditure in education which has resulted in
    serious cutbacks in the delivery of services and the termination of contracts of temporary
    teachers throughout the country and the potential of this situation leading to serious
    destabilisation of education;

Further noting:

  • The launch of the campaign on the Culture of Learning,
    Teaching and Service (COLTS) by government;
  • That it is increasingly becoming more expensive for learners
    to acquire quality education;

Believing that:

  • The ANC's policy of free education for the first ten years
    remains critical to the attainment of the goal of opening the doors of learning and
    culture to all;
  • The ongoing restructuring of education is fundamental to the
    social, political and economic transformation of our country and that we should achieve
    real progress and consolidation of our achievements in this sector as we approach the new
    millennium.

Therefore resolves:

  • While confirming our commitment to the RDP goal, we urge all
    parents and communities to contribute in whatever manner to the enhancement of the quality
    of education in schools;
  • To engage our allies and the public at large to ensure that
    they support the spirit and thrust of the norms and standards on funding of schools;
  • To convene a summit of alliance partners and progressive
    forces to consider a strategic approach to budget for the education and social sector as a
    whole, which should also ensure that government continues consultation with the relevant
    stakeholders;
  • To participate in the campaign to build the Culture of
    Learning, Teaching and Service, to urge our structures to actively work towards the
    transformation of our schools into centres of quality educational activity and call on all
    structures of civil society, especially business, to support the schools in whatever
    manner possible.

Higher Education
Transformation

Noting:

  • The importance of the transformation of the higher education
    system to meet the developmental and growth needs of the country and the continent;
  • The passage of the Higher Education Act, which is crucial to
    the process of transformation;

Further noting:

  • That Higher Education institutions continue to be faced with a
    crisis of non-payment of fees, resulting in large debts and calls made to government to
    assist institutions to deal with this student debt;
  • That government has established a National Student Financial
    Aid Scheme to assist needy students;
  • The usage of language as a tool for exclusion and the
    historical disadvantage of certain languages in Higher Education;
  • That the Higher Education Act directs the Council on Higher
    Education to immediately investigate and advise the Minister on a framework for language
    policy in higher education.

Therefore resolves to:

  • Urge the speedy implementation of this Act and to develop with
    our allies a coherent approach and strategy as well as ongoing monitoring and evaluation
    mechanisms to assist this process;
  • Encourage the management of institutions to enter into
    discussions with student representatives to find mechanisms for dealing with the payment
    of fees, to call on all students who can afford to pay fees to do so and to explore
    possibilities to eliminate the need for financial exclusions and to urge government to
    maintain or increase the level of funding to the National Students Financial Assistance
    Scheme;
  • Explore the possibility of meeting with student organisations
    and management of institutions to discuss how the enhancement of the academic programme
    can be achieved;
  • Ensure that institutions of higher learning stop
    discriminatory practises of denying access to students on the basis of language;
  • Adopt affirmative action policies for the empowerment of
    previously marginalised African languages within the broader context of a language policy
    which seeks to provide access to all, affirmative action for previously disadvantaged
    languages and relevance to the developmental needs of our country and the Southern African
    region.

ANC Education Structures

Noting:

  • Educational structures within the ANC are weak at branch,
    regional, provincial and national level;
  • That as a consequence, the ANC is unable to provide effective
    leadership to fraternal organisations, in particular COSAS, SASCO and SADTU in education,
    nor are our cadres at branch level able to provide leadership to communities around
    burning educational issues.

Believing that:

  • The ANC must lead in education;
  • The mandating process for those in government must be
    effective from branch level;
  • The process of policy formulation and monitoring needs broad
    public support to be successful;
  • The ANC values its relationship with fraternal organisations.

Therefore resolves that:

  • Education must be a central focus for organising and campaigns
    of the ANC at every level in 1998;
  • Provincial, regional and branch chairpersons must ensure that
    structures are established at the respective levels under the leadership of members of
    their respective executive committees. These structures must lead in policy co-ordination,
    mobilisation and effective leadership in education and must include comrades deployed at
    various relevant structures in government;
  • An effective structure for national co-ordination be
    established;
  • All the ANC education structures work with allied
    organisations to strengthen the alliance in education.

Refugee policy

Believing:

  • That South Africa can and should play a leading role in the
    resolution of the problem of African refugees.

Noting:

  • The absence of legislation on refugees.

Resolves:

  • To support the work of the local UNHCR and international NGOs
    assisting to alleviate the plight of refugees.

Further resolves:

  • To ensure that refugee legislation is in place by June 1998.

Sport and Recreation

This Conference, noting that:

  1. The misallocation of sport and recreation facilities in South
    African society constitutes one of the cruelest legacies of apartheid;
  2. The discrepancies in the provision of physical, financial and
    human resources in sport and recreation between disadvantaged and privileged communities
    continue to prevail and that;
  3. This continues to inhibit the development and access to sport
    in these communities;
  4. Sport and recreation continue to play a significant role in
    the reconciliation and nation-building process in South Africa;
  5. With very few exceptions, South African representative teams
    do not reflect the racial demographics of the society;
  6. South African athletes and teams are likely to achieve greater
    successes if the pool from which they are drawn constitutes 100% of the population rather
    than the 20% from which they are presently drawn;
  7. Sport and recreation has the potential to contribute
    significantly in addressing national issues of social importance such as sport against
    crime, the physical health of the nation, creation of employment opportunities, etc.;
  8. Sport and recreation continue to occupy the last position in
    the budgetary queue when it comes to budgetary allocations;

Hereby resolves to:

  • Urge the national government to explore the positive potential
    of sport and recreation to contribute to reconciliation, reconstruction, development and
    nation-building in society by putting adequate financial, infrastructural and human
    resources at its disposal;
  • Urge the national government to put the necessary enabling
    legislation in place which will allow the Minister of Sport and Recreation to intervene
    proactively to unlock the potential of sport and recreation to serve as a vehicle for
    achieving national goals;
  • Speedily finalise the formulation of the lottery legislation
    as this remains the only hope for a fair dispensation in sport;
  • Explore all possible avenues to encourage sponsors to invest
    more heavily in sport, particularly the lower profile mass sports;
  • Call on the macro-sports bodies and the national sports
    federations to give substance to their espoused objectives of making sport accessible to
    the entire South African society; Pay tribute to the achievements of our athletes and
    teams who have brought recognition and honour to the country as a whole.