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50th National Conference: Resolutions - International Relations

Arms exports

This conference noting that:

  • South Africa's commitment to respect human rights and
    international peace and security is evident in the Constitution, foreign policy statements
    and the ratification of international covenants which deal with these matters;
  • The White Paper on Defence expresses this commitment in
    relation to arms exports by providing, for example, that "South Africa shall not
    transfer arms to countries which systematically violate or suppress human rights and
    fundamental reforms";
  • The cabinet has set up the National Conventional Arms Control
    Committee, comprising members of government departments and ministers to regulate and
    limit arms sales;
  • These commitments have given rise to difficulties in some
    cases.

Believing that:

  • The pursuit of economic benefits from arms sales at the
    expense of human security, freedom and life in other countries is contrary to the values
    of our country, party and people;
  • A less discriminatory approach to arms sales will undermine
    South Africa's foreign and national interests in the long run;
  • Any assessment of human rights and international peace and
    security concerns necessary entail the exercise of subjective political judgment.

Resolves to call on government to:

  • Continue its strong commitment and adherance to Policy on
    international and national arms control;
  • Strengthen the policy of transparency and oversight in a way
    consistent with recognition of the need for commercial confidentiality that will allow for
    informed parliamentary and public debate on arms exports;
  • As a matter of urgency, amend apartheid era arms control
    legislation.

Further Resolves:

  • That the ANC and government should deal severely with
    mercenaries activities involved in the sale of military related services which operate
    against or intended neglecting and leading to violation of human rights in foreign
    countries.

Palestine

Noting:

  1. The gravity of the situation in the resolution of the
    Palestinian question and the almost effective collapse of the peace process between the
    Israeli government and the Palestinian authority;
  2. That 131 members of the UN General Assembly regard the
    intransigence of the Netanyahu government as being primarily responsible for this state of
    affairs.

Believing:

  1. That failure to implement to the letter the Hebron and Oslo
    Agreements constitutes a very serious threat to peace, stability and security in the whole
    of the Middle East.

This National Conference therefore resolves:

  1. That the Israeli government must create the conditions for the
    full implementation of the Hebron and Oslo Accords;
  2. That the Israeli government must stop the expropriation of
    ancestral Palestinian lands;
  3. That the Israeli government stops the new settlements as this
    presents a major stumbling bloc towards peaceful negotiations;
  4. That the Israeli government should end the blockade of the
    Palestinian territories;
  5. That Israel should withdraw from all occupied Palestinian
    territory;
  6. That appropriate arrangements are made for the safe passage of
    all Palestinians between Gaza and the West Bank;
  7. That the incoming NEC and the government do all they can to
    pursue the implementation of the above resolutions;
  8. To instruct the incoming NEC to communicate the contents of
    this resolution to both the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority.

Party to party relations

Noting that:

  • The ANC's fundamental policies of nonracialism, non-sexism and
    economic prosperity characterise our National Democratic Revolution and inform ANC Foreign
    Policy;
  • The ANC in its long history of struggle against colonialism,
    imperialism and apartheid, established international links with parties, governments and
    solidarity organisations across the globe;
  • These international links became an integral part of our
    struggle against apartheid;

Further noting that:

  • In the post-1994 period, the ANC did not effectively maintain
    and actively develop these links;
  • The ANC has for many years maintained observer status in the
    Socialist International, which has in turn extended an invitation to full membership.

Believing that:

  • It is in the interest of the ANC and our country to foster and
    promote links and dialogue with other political formations at an international level.

Affirming that:

  • Party to party relations must be conducted on a principled
    basis informed by our clearly defined principles and policies.

Hereby resolves:

  • That the ANC consolidates existing links with fraternal
    parties and like-minded political formations in Southern Africa, Africa and globally;
  • To recommend that dialogue be maintained and/or established
    with other political parties in pursuit of our country's interest in line with our
    political objectives both domestically and internationally;
  • To recommend that the incoming NEC investigate the possibility
    of affiliating to international political organisations such as Socialist International
    and to implement the decision as a matter of urgency.

Western Sahara

Noting that:

  • The process of decolonisation of Western Sahara has not yet
    been completed and that the Saharawi people are engaged in a struggle for national self
    determination;
  • Welcome progress has been made in the resolution of the
    conflict over Western Sahara, including in the final agreement reached between the parties
    to implement the joint OAU/UN settlement plan;
  • The agreement makes possible the holding of a free and fair
    referendum under the exclusive authority of the UN in co-operation with the OAU.

Congratulates the leaders of both parties
for their efforts to find a just and lasting resolution which will guarantee the
inalienable right of the Saharawi people to self determination.

Instructs the incoming NEC to communicate
the content of this resolution to both parties concerned.

Department of
International Affairs

Noting

  • That the closure of the Department of International Affairs
    has restricted our ability to promote the organisation and engage internationally;
  • This restriction to interact with our counter parts on an
    international level, has reflected negatively on the ANC;

Reaffirming

  • That it is imperative that the ANC maintains an effective
    international presence as a political organisation;

Resolves

  • For the NEC to explore the feasibility of the re-establishment
    of DIA as a matter of urgency;
  • to secure the essential human and financial resources to make
    the DIA fully operational;
  • That the incoming NEC further explore mechanisms to coordinate
    international work taking place at provincial and local levels.

International Policy and
Priorities

This Conference noting:

  • The rapid pace at which globalisation is taking place in the
    world today;
  • That while globalisation presents opportunities to advance our
    revolution it also poses threats particularly to developing countries of which we are a
    part;
  • That the process of globalisation is uneven leading to a
    widening gap between the rich and the poor both in the developing and industrialised
    countries;
  • That the end of the Cold War has not brought to an end
    poverty, inequality, socio-economic exploitation and gender oppression;
  • That the current international trade routes are threatening
    the national sovereignity of many nations particularly the developing nations;
  • That the policies of the free market imposed by
    conditionalities have demonstrated themselves to be hopelessly incapable of redistributing
    wealth in order to eradicate poverty and disease and to address the basic social needs of
    the majority of the world's population today;
  • That the African Continent, particularly subSaharan Africa, is
    benefitting least from this process of globalisation, instead it has experienced a general
    decline in living standards and poverty is on the increase.

And further noting:

  • The undemocratic nature of many multilateral institutions,
    including the United Nations Security Council;
  • that there is a pressing need for multi-lateral finance
    institutions such as the IMF and World Bank to become more sensitive to the developmental
    needs, poverty and the debt trap of developing nations;
  • That South Africa has ratified a number of international human
    rights covenants, including those relating to gender and women.

And Believing that:

  • While globalisation is a reality, it is not a fixed and
    unchallengeable process in which there are no alternatives;
  • Global solidarity still remains the main weapon to struggle
    for a just and equitable world order;
  • One of the key platforms to engage and transform the present
    reality is solidarity and strategic allances amongst, in the first instance, developing
    countries, and with those in industrialised countries committed to the creation of a just
    and equitable world order;
  • A global system that perpetuates inequalities among countries
    and amongst people is, in the long run, not sustainable;
  • There can be no realisation of a just and equitable world
    order without reconstruction on the African Continent, particularly in subSaharan Africa;
  • A just and equitable world order can only be realised in a
    world characterised by peace, democracy and human rights, in which the right to national
    self-determination is fully respected and protected;
  • The vision of an African Renaissance as outlined in the
    President's Report to this conference is a central platform for the development of the
    African continent;
  • Within this vision particular attention should be paid to
    those sections who have been most disadvantaged, in particular women and the rural poor.

And further believing that:

  • Africans themselves should play a leading role in the
    resolution of the problems on the African Continent;
  • The African Renaissance should be led by the most progressive
    forces of African society representing an alliance of the working class, peasants, the
    middle class and progressive sectors of an emerging black bourgeoisie;
  • Military coups and dictatorships and other undemocratic forms
    of government have no place in Africa today.

This National Conference therefore resolves:

  • That the incoming NEC be seized with the task of developing
    alternative economic models and strategies in order to effectively engage and tackle the
    inequalities in the current globalisation process
  • To reaffirm the ANC and government's search for strategic
    alliances in the South and to forge beneficial economic trade relations with countries in
    the industrialised world;
  • To charge the incoming NEC and government to support a reform
    of the United Nations Security Council that will:
    • Ensure adequate and effective representation for Africa and
      other regions of the South;
    • End, or at least substantially reduce, the veto power of the
      Security Council members and further support the idea that, if so chosen, South Africa
      should accept a position on the Security Council;
  • To charge the incoming NEC and government to pursue the goal
    of promoting democratisation and greater accountability of the IMF and World Bank;
  • That the ANC initiates a process of developing a theoretical
    framework and strategy to give content to our vision of the African Renaissance;
  • That the ANC initiates a process of dialogue and debate both
    within our own structures and in the broader public arena;
  • To develop and strengthen sectoral contacts in the areas of
    youth, women and environment and to this end welcomes the hosting of the Pan-Africanist
    Women's Organisation (PAWO);
  • To charge the incoming NEC to develop a Programme of Action to
    implement the various international covenants on human rights, in particular those
    relating to gender and women.

And finally, Welcomes the 50th Anniversary of the UN
Declaration of Human Rights, recommits itself to the principles therein, and to supporting
activities to celebrate the occasion